Lean Out While You Sleep

Another story about how cool temperatures can help adults regain brown adipose tissue for metabolic advantage was published in July, but I just saw it this morning. From Let’s Cool It in the Bedroom:

The cold temperatures, it turned out, changed the men’s bodies noticeably. Most striking, after four weeks of sleeping at 66 degrees, the men had almost doubled their volumes of brown fat. Their insulin sensitivity, which is affected by shifts in blood sugar, improved.

The study used just 5 “young healthy” males. Not sure how females or older adults would respond.

Another interesting part to the study is how quickly you can undo the cold temperature benefits.

The metabolic enhancements were undone after four weeks of sleeping at 81 degrees; in fact, the men then had less brown fat than after the first scan.

Although this is just speculation, I am guessing that taking cool showers or doing some other form of cold exposure would also work as signals needed to keep the brown fat. Sleeping in a colder room appears to be another path.

I want to add that sleep quality should always come first. If sleeping in a cool room makes your sleep worse, don’t do it.


Photo by Alex 

Measuring Strength and Hating on HIT

I am so sick of the logic used by “strength” coaches to dismiss High Intensity Training.

The articles all go something like this:

  1. Using higher volume and lower intensity produces greater strength gains that using HIT.
  2. Strength is measured by PR (personal records) in classic bodybuilding exercises such as the bench press, squat and dead lift.

The first problem with these articles and their studies is that injury risk is ignored. But, I’ve gone down that path many times before. Let us for a moment imagine a world where nobody gets hurt. Every rep is perfect. Rainbows and unicorns.

The movements used to measure strength have a skill component. To develop a skill requires repetition. If you go to failure or use other HIT methods, such as removing momentum, you will not develop the skill portion of the lift. So then when you go back to test your “strength” via PR in the classic metrics, of course the number will be lower. That doesn’t mean HIT is worse for strength. It means HIT is worse for developing the skills used in classic bodybuilding exercises. As it should be.

“Strength” coaches observe this and come to the conclusion that HIT sucks for strength. No it sucks for skill development! I’m not a strength scholar, but this formula quickly came to me.

Weight Lifted = Strength + Skill

Anyone with a basic understanding of algebra can see that one can have the same or even greater levels of strength and still lift less weight if they haven’t developed the skill component of the lift.

I provided an example in the post More Bench Press Nonsense.

To demonstrate just how much skill is a factor, I’ll provide an example of the opposite. After a decade of bench pressing, I was able to increase my bench by 30 pounds in a single week. Did I gain 30 pounds of strength? No. I read a really well written article about elbow position for tall lifters. After reading the article, I went to the gym and tested it out. My SKILL in the bench press went up by 30 pounds. My strength was the same. 


Photo by Jeff Blackler

Maybe someone has figured out a better way to measure strength? Everything I read about comparing which strength protocol is best uses skill based movements as metrics to make their case. When I bring this argument up, the Bros are quick to dismiss the skill component of their lift as tiny. I beg to differ. Anyone that has watched world class lifters can see the tremendous amount of skill they have in timing the movement of the weight. It is the marriage of strength and optimal momentum.

Note that I am not saying HIT is better for strength than traditional bodybuilding methods. I don’t know. I am saying there is a measurement problem. But I honestly don’t care. I no longer need to quantify strength. How close I am to my muscular potential is all that is important. If I get this right, then I should be strong enough, even if I can’t demonstrate that fact in the squat rack. But if you need to wrap yourself up in a number to tell the world how strong you are, knock yourself out bro!

Cold Exposure – Not One Size Fits All

Probably the thing that annoys me most when I read health information is how articles fail to define their audience. What is good for some must be good for all. The classic example is coffee. Yes my favorite beverage has had a lot of positive health buzz about it in recent years, but not everyone can handle the caffeine. The blanket statements that coffee will do wonders are false for the person that is sensitive to stimulants.

To quote the Diff’rent Strokes theme song:

Now, the world don’t move to the beat of just one drum,
What might be right for you, may not be right for some.

Cold exposure is another case where I believe the response and benefit can vary a lot from person to person. Because someone lost weight using cold exposure doesn’t mean that everyone will lose weight in that manner. In has been almost 2 years since the post Peat-atarians and Fear of Hormetic Stress in which I criticized what I saw as a simplistic rejection of cold exposure as stressful by Danny Roddy.

Since then I have been trying to reconcile his position with mine. When is cold exposure beneficial and when is it stressful? And is the best path always to avoid cold exposure to minimize the stress response? I’m going to carve out a middle ground opinion that makes sense to me.

Avoid Stacking Stressors

We don’t want to avoid all forms of stress. Stress that causes an adaptation that makes us stronger is something we should embrace. However, I think it is important not to seek multiple varieties of stress simultaneously. Weight training, fasting, cold exposure and even low carb diets are stressors. Doing them together amplifies the stress and I suspect the body’s ability to learn a positive response from the experiment.

We also don’t want to engage in a stressor that exceeds our body’s ability to recover or is unsafe. The key to having a hormetic stress work for you is it needs to be brief and it needs to end.

Imagine a person with poor sleep living a stressed life. Maybe it is a bad job, poor relationships or an awful commute. Perhaps there are already symptoms that indicate stress levels are high such as a low body temperature and dry skin. In that case, it makes more sense to address those chronic stressors before engaging in cold exposure. But that is not a blanket statement either. Some people could experience stress reduction from cold exposure. I do. For the majority, heat in the form of saunas or steam rooms is probably a better path.

If I have a bad night of sleep, I now know instinctively not to lift weights, fast or do any cold exposure. It can wait for another day.

End Cold Exposure Abruptly

When we end a weight lifting session, the most common advice is to eat some fast digesting carbs and protein and then rest. The stress is over and now it is time to rebuild and emerge stronger. The same is true for cold exposure. Once you’ve experienced exposure, warm up quickly. Persistent cold even at a lower level doesn’t tell the body the stress has ended. The faster you warm up, the more benefit you get from the cold exposure. This is my opinion from 6 years of cold exposure .

I was thinking about the difference between my Freeze the Animal swims in Puget Sound and the Polar Bear Plunge held at the same beach. My exposure was longer. I was alone. And it took me a long time to warm up. The Polar Bear Plunge was brief exposure. You were surrounded by your neighbors. The spirit was one of fun and excitement. There were fires on the beach, blankets and warm beverages to quickly warm you up when you emerged from the water.

Same water temperature, two completely different experiences. One stressful. One joyful.

polar bear swim

From the 2009 Polar Bear Swim. 

Listen To Yourself

Have you noticed that the vast majority of those that celebrate cold exposure are young males? And of that group many are endomorphs? It is my belief that the stocky man with excess fat is the one most likely to benefit from cold exposure. Endomorphs in addition to having higher fat levels also tend to have more muscle. Muscle does throw off heat. And males, especially younger ones, tend to have more muscle.

Since we all aren’t resilient stocky young men with excess body fat, dialing in your own level of cold exposure is something you’ll need to figure out for yourself. No blog is going to know you better than yourself. For many the ideal amount of cold exposure will be zero. These days I take cool – not cold – showers and wear short-sleeve shirts even when others are wearing jackets. For me knowing I am temperature resilient across a wide range of temperatures is stress reducing. Others might not feel the same way.

Visiting the Cryotherapy Chamber

For the past six years I have been fascinated by cold temperature exposure. When I left the perfect temperatures of San Diego in 2007 for Seattle, I became uncomfortable at temperatures as high as 65 F. I had gotten way too soft. I wanted to reverse that. Inspired initially by Art De Vany, I set about the quest to expand my temperature comfort zone. I wanted to be cold temperature resilient.

For more background, I put together a Cold Weather Exposure page with links to all the posts and stunts I’ve done on this quest. Today I am very comfortable in cold temperature. But how cold can I go?

Tony Robbins Raves About Cryotheraphy

About two weeks ago I listened to Tim Ferriss interview Tony Robbins. Tony raved about his experience using whole body cryotherapy chambers. Tony said he learned from his research that cryotherapy did the following:

  1. Takes inflammation out the body.
  2. Resets your neurological signal.
  3. You get an “explosion of endorphins”.

I knew that athletes, especially older ones, were using cold to accelerate recovery, but I was unaware that units were available to the public.

daniel craig cryotherapy

40-something year old actor Daniel Craig used cryotherapy to get in shape to play James Bond.

From the article Cryotherapy: Why Ice-Cold Is the Key to a Hot Body:

Proponents say the cold shock to the system stimulates anti-inflammatory proteins (and blocks the pro-inflammatory type) that reduce soreness and muscle damage, allowing you to recover faster and work out harder and longer. Call it the steroid effect—via a Sub-Zero.

Because of my interest in cold exposure, I had to try it.

Road Trip to Just Outside Sacramento

A quick search pointed me towards US Cryotherapy in Davis, CA, which has whole body units. I learned from their website that unless you are in a group of 10 or more that no appointment is necessary. Just show up. After completing a quick medical form, I went over to an area where I suited up. Inside the chamber, you wear socks, slippers, mittens, ear warmer and a thin mask covering your nose and mouth.

The temperature of the chamber was -115°F (-82°C). This sounds cold, but it was actually warmer than I expected. They explained the temperature in the chamber fluctuated and was on the warm side due to some issue they had earlier than morning. To get the full benefit, I stayed in the chamber for 3.5 minutes, which is longer than what they would for a colder chamber.

First I entered a staging door. Once in there I closed the first door. From there I entered the cryotherapy chamber and closed that door behind me. The room was big enough that I could extend me arms out and not touch the sides. Two staff members were able to monitor me through a glass window and speak to me via microphone.

It was very cold, but pleasant for me. I actually really enjoy cold. When I go to Costco, my favorite part is walking into that open refrigerator where they keep some of the produce. I find it invigorating. This was an enjoyable coldness. Much different than my experience swimming in the cold Puget Sound, which at times was miserable.

Cold hands and feet are not fun, so thankfully the mittens, socks and slippers kept my hands and feet warm. Towards the last minute of the exposure, I could feel my teeth wanting to chatter. Had I stayed in longer, I suspect they would have.

When I left the chamber, they measured my skin temperature at 50°F (10°C). At this point, you have the opportunity to use cardio equipment to warm up. I used an arm bike for a minute. Unlike other cold exposure techniques I’ve used, I warmed up very quickly.

I paid for the “Pampered Package”, so afterwards I received a localized treatment for my left knee. Using a tube that looked like a shop vac, they went back and forth over my knee with this wand of very cold air. The hair on my knee actually frosted up. This session was equivalent to a icing session. Finally, I rested on the hydro massage bed for a few minutes, which was super relaxing.

Because I was a first time customer, all this was just $30. The normal price is $45.

My Review

Did I feel any different? Yes and I didn’t expect to. I felt both alert and calm, which is a odd combination for a coffee addict like myself. I’m usually one and not the other. When I walked back to my car, I felt lighter. And even though it took over 2 hours to drive there, I could sense my posture was perfect. Usually my posture sucks on days when I spent hours cramped up in a car.

I drove away towards Sacramento. The weather was overcast with a slight amount of fog. About 10 minutes down the road, I noticed I wasn’t wearing my glasses, yet my vision was perfect. I was able to read the license plates of other cars with no problem. How that was even possible given the overcast nature stunned me.

The localized treatment on my knee didn’t do anything, but based off my new understanding of icing, I think it could provide preventative help if done frequently enough. I’ll cover that more in my upcoming knee post.

How did this experience differ from other cold exposure experiences I’ve had over the past 6 years? Cold exposure is a combination of positive endorphins from the exposure, getting the duration right and warming up quickly. Going outside in shorts on a cool fall day can pep you up, but it can take awhile. If it starts to rain or get windy, the pleasantness can quickly turn into feeling miserable. With cold water, being able to quickly warm up determines everything. It could take 5 minutes, which is fine or an hour, which is hell. Cryotheraphy solves all those concerns. You quickly get very cold and then rapidly warm up.

Last year I was completely underwhelmed by my experience in an Isolation Tank. Cryotherapy was definitely money better spent. I would like to try it again, especially if I can go in at a lower temperature. If I lived in Davis, I’d spring for the $99 monthly pass.

Update on that 20 Pound Fat Loss Goal

This past February I set the stage for a 20 pound fat loss goal. When I set the goal, several people told me that was too much weight for me to lose. My primary motivation for dropping 20 pounds was to increase the odds that my left knee, which had been in pain for a while, would heal quicker. But I was never convinced that a 20 pound reduction would be optimal. In fact I had it in the back of my head that I’d lean out, heal and then regain. From the section What is My Ideal Weight? on the post How I Regained the Weight I Lost.

If I were to ask my body what it believes my ideal weight is, I’d get different answers. My shoulders, chest and legs, would say I look most muscular at 215. My abs might say 185. My face looks younger at 200 than 185. But right now only one vote counts and that is my left knee.

My goal is to lose 20 pounds and return to 195. Once my knee heals, I can decide if I want to stay there or go higher.

But as the weeks and months went by, I started to doubt that reducing weight and performing the knee exercises I had researched were having any benefit. I lost half the weight and lost interest. When I left Seattle and arrived in California, I had to adopt to a shared kitchen, new grocery stores and new restaurants. I also no longer had access to a scale. For a while I was playing around with a tape measure, but eventually I even stopped doing that. My knee wasn’t improving, but my sleep was great and so was my skin, which were two things that weren’t great when I was super lean. So I stopped tracking weight or inches or calories or protein and gave up the goal completely.

Although I plan to discuss the knee more in a separate post, I now know what I suspected. The primary reason it is not healing is because I drive a stick shift car in traffic. Since college I have been driving stick-shift hatchbacks. Not the best thing for someone 6 foot 2.5 inches tall. I’ll shelf this discussion for its own post. Back to the fat loss goal.

So last week I was able to weigh myself 3 times from 2 different scales. This is the first time I have weighed myself since June. My weight is the same. I was able to keep the 9 pounds off that I lost in Seattle.

Maybe I have found my ideal weight? Maybe I don’t have an ideal weight? I’ve gone my entire adult life wishing I was some other weight than what I was. When I was scrawny, I wanted to gain. When I gained muscle, I wanted to be ripped. When I finally got ripped, my face looked like a meth addict and I wanted to gain again. Back and forth and never completely satisfied. That lack of acceptance wasn’t healthy.

Today I am happy with my weight. If I lose 5 pounds of fat or gain 5 pounds of muscle that would be great, but if I don’t, that is fine as well.


Photo by Wade Kelly

Knock Yourself Out Bro!

This post isn’t for my regular readers. It is for those that leave hostile comments challenging my views on fitness. Instead of repeating myself over and over in the comments, I’ve created this post. 

Dear Bro,

You’ve been directed to this post, because I am too tired to respond directly to your comment. For a few years now I have tried to explain my motivation in several posts and numerous comments. Sometimes I’ve succeeded, but the most of the time I haven’t. To be brief, my primary motivation in fitness to get strong without getting hurt. It sounds so simple and we all want that result, but so few people think through exactly what that means.

leg press

Photo by Elias Rovielo

You think that machines are inferior to free weights. I disagree. When the reps are slow and controlled, machines are awesome.

You think that it is possible to always load the correct amount of weight and use perfect form for every rep of every squat, bench press and dead lift. I disagree. I call this the myth of the perfect rep. Some people can, but they are a rarity or are young enough to recover quickly from their mistakes.

You think I don’t lift enough. I think you don’t rest enough.

You model your workouts based on outliers that would have succeeded regardless of whatever exercise protocol they chose. I model my workout by avoiding the movements that are most likely to cause injury.

When I look into a gym and see the big guys lifting heavy and the smaller people using machines, I see that as selection bias. You see it as an affirmation you are correct.

When I look into a gym and see a huge age distribution drop off in the guys that lift serious weight around age 35, I get alarmed. You probably don’t even notice it or make up reasons why the guy that was bad ass 5 or 10 years ago doesn’t come to the gym anymore. I suspect he is in pain. You probably thinks he lacks willpower.

Warren Buffet said this quote about investing.

Rule No.1: Never lose money. Rule No.2: Never forget rule No.1.

For Buffet investing was not about reaching for the highest returns. It was first about protecting downside risk so he didn’t lose money. I believe that same wisdom should be applied to fitness.

Rule No. 1: Never get hurt. Rule No 2: Never forget rule No.1.

If you believe in No Pain, No Gain, all I can say is enjoy your pain.

When you step up to a crosswalk, you are probably the guy that keeps hitting the button thinking that it will make the light change faster.

You aren’t going to convince me and I am not going to convince you.

Knock yourself out Bro!

A High Intensity Tune-Up at DeSisto Strength Training

I recently was invited to do a High Intensity Training workout at DeSisto Strength Training in San Francisco. It has been over 3 years now since I had those two HIT workouts from legendary trainer Greg Anderson (RIP). I learned that Dave DeSisto got his certification from Greg Anderson. Small world.

This past summer I haven’t been working out much for two reasons. First is my ongoing left knee problems, which I recently learned a lot more about and will be discussing in a future post. The second is I am very temperature sensitive and where I’ve been staying at this summer has a garage gym that is very hot. I like cold. I can lift a lot more and reach a higher level of intensity when the temperature is lower.

When I first entered DeSisto Strength, I was concerned it was too hot in the gym. The glass in the front captured a lot of heat. However, when it came time to begin the workout, the air conditioner was turned on and Dave had fans set up to directly cool me as I moved from one exercise to another. It was the coolest indoor workout I had in years.

desisto strength

DeSisto Strength Training – San Francisco, CA

Now that I am closing in on 4 years of High Intensity Training, I view the 4 essential components as:

  1. Safety – Selecting exercises that are safe to perform slowly and to failure.
  2. Form – Having a solid form that eliminates or greatly reduces momentum and targets the muscles appropriately.
  3. Intensity – Reach enough intensity to target fast twitch muscle fibers, often to failure.
  4. Rest – Allowing enough time between workouts.

If you read this site regularly, you’ll know that I attribute most of the effectiveness of HIT as #1. As for intensity, I have my doubts that always going to failure is ideal for ectomorphs. See the post Is High Intensity Training Best for Ectomorphs? One Year Later. Because I know which exercises are safe to perform and I know how to slowly move a weight and I’m not concerned with pushing myself to failure, I have been working out alone without the guidance of a HIT trainer. I also know to err on the side of another day of rest than racing back to the gym to squeeze in another workout.

What I learned during my workout with Dave DeSisto is how my form on exercises was off. Not a lot, but noticeable when he suggested corrections. When we work out alone there is no one there to provide feedback to guide us back into perfect form. Weeks, months and years can go by developing poor form habits. Once you understand the basics of HIT, I think this might be the greatest value in hiring a HIT trainer. In addition to helping me make adjustments to my form, Dave helped me with my breathing, which was too shallow. This is something I have to continue working at.

If you are in San Francisco and looking for a High Intensity Trainer to get started or for a tune-up, check out DeSisto Strength Training.

Better Sleep for the Too Early Riser

I was recently asked about what tips I had for better sleep. Instead of responding directly to the email, I thought it might make for a good post where others could read and comment. Most of the sleep advice you read online is written for the person that has trouble falling asleep and not for my fellow early risers. Before I begin, I thought I’d provide a little background on my sleep.

For as long as I remember, I’ve never had trouble falling asleep. I would estimate that there has been less than 20 times in my entire life where I couldn’t fall asleep in under 30 minutes. 99% of the time, I fall asleep in under 3 minutes. In the morning, I don’t oversleep. I haven’t used an alarm clock since the 1990s. Even in a dark room, I wake up either just before or just after sunrise. I’ve been like this my entire life.

If you are like me, then your sleep challenge is not being able to return to sleep after waking up too early. It is common to wake between 3 AM and 4 AM, still be extremely tired, but unable to return to sleep.

The good news is I have solved this riddle. I now sleep better than I have my entire adult life. This is how I did it.

MAS Sleeping

Me sleeping as a kid. Probably not a good idea to leave your shoes on.

#1 Sleep Before Other Goals

You may wish to gain muscle, lose weight or both. Maybe you have performance goals. Until you are sleeping like a champion, put them aside. Once you are sleeping better, body re-composition goals will become much easier. You do not want to stack stressors. This is a concept I explained in the post Rejecting the Seasonal Approach to Nutrition.

Trying to lose weight or gain muscle while tired is next to impossible. And if you do pull it off, it is likely unsustainable. Focus on improving sleep first, even if it means delaying your diet. Some exercise is good, but don’t overdo it during this period.

#2 Morning or Mid Day Sun Exposure

Shoot for 20-30 minutes of sun exposure a day. Besides personal experience and lots of online anecdotal evidence, the health study Benefits of Sunlight: A Bright Spot for Human Health states:

When people are exposed to sunlight or very bright artificial light in the morning, their nocturnal melatonin production occurs sooner, and they enter into sleep more easily at night.

As a side note, I never get jet lag. Wherever I land, I make it a point to explore that location on foot during the day. I am instantly converted to the new time zone.

#3 Respecting My Morning Nature

I am a morning person. Have been since birth. I don’t expect that to change. This means that although I could push myself to participate in late night events, I know that I will still rise with the sun and feel tired the next day. Instead of fighting it, I pick sleep. This absolutely can be a social cramp, so it is up to me to plan social events that occur earlier in the day. In the past 6 years, I’ve hosted over 400 events with the Coffee Club of Seattle, most of which met just after lunch.

If alcohol was my thing, I’d be organizing happy hour events. Then I could have my fun, my food and still be in bed by 10 PM. :)

If I want to sleep 8 hours and I know my body will wake up at 6 AM, then I need to get in bed by 10 PM. Staying up later and hoping my body will sleep in never works. I need to respect my morning nature.

#4 Dial in Caffeine Level

Every article on sleep will tell you to reduce caffeine and not to drink coffee late in the day. My take is that we are all individuals that respond differently to caffeine and we need to figure out what works best for us. For me I discovered my best sleep happened when I had coffee in the mid afternoon. If I stopped drinking coffee before Noon, my sleep was worse. Go figure.

Dialing in your caffeine level is not a one time thing. We change. We can become more or less sensitive to caffeine throughout the years, seasons or even the week.

Because I adore the taste of black coffee, I do not add milk and sugar. However, it might be a good idea for the highly stressed body to avoid black coffee, especially on an empty stomach. The article Coffee Done Right explains why having coffee with food or milk and sugar will dampen the stress response. A body less stressed will get better sleep.


#5 Minimize Evening Liquid

I used to drink water and coffee all day long and then I’d have to get up a few times each night to pee. This disrupts sleep and increases the risk that you will be unable to return to sleep. It can also lower your body temperature, which places greater stress on your body and can make you more likely to get sick. The book Eat for Heat by Matt Stone explores this topic in great detail.

Eat for Heat: The Metabolic Approach to Food and Drink
Eat for Heat: The Metabolic Approach to Food and Drink by Matt Stone

#5 Prepare Sleep Dust

Pay attention to this one. This is the GREATEST SLEEP HACK ever for the too early riser! Get a bowl. Mix 5 parts sugar with 1 part salt. Nothing fancy. Regular sugar. Regular salt. Place this mixture in a container within an arm’s reach of your bed. If you wake up, place a pinch under your tongue. Let it dissolve. Take a sip of water. Lie back down. Odds are you will be falling asleep. I have found this trick works 80% of the time for me.

The post An Amazing “Back to Sleep” Hack covers why this hack works.

#6 Eat Carbs, Sugar and Salt Before Sleep

Ignore the standard advice to not eat after a certain hour. You should time your last meal to maximize your sleep quality. For me and I suspect other early risers, we need to eat something right before sleep. If I don’t have enough food, hunger will wake me up.

The reason we are waking up so early and unable to return to sleep is that adrenaline levels in the body peak around 3 AM – 4 AM. What food suppresses the stress response? Carbs, sugar and salt. Eating cheese or ice cream before bed has worked great for me.

Another trick is to down spoonfuls of honey before bed. Marcelo told us in January how well it worked for him.

It was about 2 weeks until i discovered the cause. Stress hormones were a river on my body! I was living on cortisol and adrenaline, because this i could be very active during the day, even with 3 hours of sleep a day! But i was feeling crap at night. Then i searched the web to solve this problem, i saw that people often with “high metabolism”, easy stressed, should not be on a regimen that stresses they body: IF + next to zero carb + heavy exercises everyday. Of course!

What i did, to experiment (saw on paleo hacks forum): continued with paleo, but, every night, an hour before bed, ate 5 tablespoons of honey, straight of the spoon. WORKED LIKE A MAGIC!!! Slept well first time in almost 3 weeks sleep deprived!

Victor from Brazil sent me information on eating popcorn before bedtime. After battling sleep issues, he is sleeping now sleeping like a rock thanks to popcorn. He also pointed me to a discussion on that topic.

Lots of people are reporting sleep success with carbs, sugar and salt before bed. Cheese too!

#7 Supplements

Magnesium, Calcium and Gelatin. Those are the only three supplements/foods that have demonstrated any value to improving my sleep. I do not like melatonin. L-theanine seems interesting if I had trouble falling asleep, but I don’t, so I’ve never tried it.

Natural Vitality Natural Calm plus Magnesium-Calcium Drink, Raspberry Lemon, 16 Ounce
Natural Vitality Natural Calm plus Magnesium-Calcium Drink, Raspberry Lemon, 16 Ounce

#8 Practice Calmness

Spend some time each day practicing calmness. That could be meditation, yoga or focusing on thoughts of gratitude. I like to do a walking meditation in the sun (#2). The reason for this item is that when we wake too early with our mind racing, we want that skill of calmness to guide us back to sleep. Develop the skill in the day. Use it at night.

#9 No Early Morning Sleep Distractions

If you do wake too early and the sleep dust (#5) fails to work, do not get up and participate in activities that compete with sleep. Don’t boot up the computer. Don’t make coffee. You do not want to reward your body for getting up too early with electronic or chemical stimulation. I used to wake up at 4:30 AM tired, but then jump out of bed to read financial news while drinking coffee. Sleep didn’t stand a chance. Now if I wake early, I have a rule not to look at a computer or make any coffee before 6 AM. Now sleep has a fighting chance.

#10 Rejecting Quantified Self

I was an early supporter of the Quantified Self movement. Not anymore. I don’t want this post to go down that path. You can read Some Quantified Self Honesty for my thoughts. Tracking my sleep quality for over 2 years was not healthy. It was stressful. At the time I thought it wasn’t, but only when I fully detached from it did I see how it was negatively impacting my sleep.

We don’t need more data to solve our sleep. We aren’t machines. There is not a data set complex enough to define what it means to be human. Instead we need to build our intuition. Do your best. Throw anyway the spreadsheets and uninstall your sleep apps. Trust the process and you’ll be fine. Pouring through spreadsheets and staring at your failures is no way to start each morning.

#11 Detach From the Outcome

When you try to improve your sleep or anything in life, it can be easy to blame ourselves for failures. Stop that. Show yourself self compassion as if you were talking to a friend with the same problem. Don’t attach yourself to the outcome. Focus on the process. Getting great sleep takes practice. Focus on the practice and not grading yourself. This is where a little background in Stoicism would help, I highly recommend the book A Guide to the Good Life.

More Ideas?

If your sleep challenges have been staying asleep, add to the comments what strategies have worked best for you or if you’ve gotten good results from something I listed above.

Cool – Not Cold – Showers For Fat Loss?

I got a really interesting comment yesterday on my 2011 post A High Intensity Approach to Cold Weather Training.

From Rick D:

My first exposure to thermogenics was from a french physician who wrote a book in the early 80’s about his pioneering work using cool temperatures to lose weight. He advocated cool 25 degree C showers once or twice a day and also living 2-3 degrees below your thermal neutrality point. His methods were very successful with his patients. He discovered that once the excess fat was lost, the body would be balanced and no more fat would be lost.

Before going into the comment, I want to highlight that this is the opposite method that I was advocating in the post. Here was my tip:

At the end of your daily shower, turn the water to as friggin cold as you can handle without having a heart attack. Do deep slow breathing and relax. Aim the cold water directly between your neck and shoulder blades. Hold this for 30 seconds. End the shower. That is it. If you want you can do a quick rinse on your legs, but that is optional.

Which way is better? Brief exposure to very cold or longer exposure to cool? Initially I thought brief cold was, but I now I suspect longer cool is superior. There are a few reasons.

Being temperature resilient and losing fat are two distinct goals. If a temperature reduction is the path to fat loss, then choosing the method that provides the greatest heat sink would be superior. 30 seconds at ice cold is likely less of a heat sink than a normal shower with 100% cool water. I read a statistic that said the average shower length is 8.5 minutes. That is long for me, but it sounds right.

In the comment above he cites 25° C as the shower temperature, which is 77° F. For me that wouldn’t be too cool, so I would instead personalize this recommendation a little lower. My take away is you should drop the temperature from warm to cool, but nothing cold enough to elicit a stress response. If you find yourself speeding through the shower based on discomfort, the temperature is probably too low.

If you are already taking full showers at cold temperatures, this post probably isn’t going to be of value. But for the majority of us that dislike the idea of always taking cold showers, I think this method makes sense and is more sustainable for fat loss.

cold shower

Doccia fredda (Cold Shower) by Sergio Pani

I believe the key to benefiting from cold temperature stress is the ability to quickly warm up. You want to end the stress and not prolong it at a lower level. If you easily get cold or your home isn’t warm, then stepping out of a cold shower isn’t the end of the stressor. In 2012 when I did the experiment Freeze the Animal, where I would swim in the cold Puget Sound for a few minutes daily, I discovered the benefit was more closely tied to temperature of the environment once I ended the exposure, not how cold the water temperature was.

From Rejecting the Seasonal Approach to Nutrition:

What I learned is that cold exposure is fine and even has a positive mood effect, but the key to locking in those benefits came from how quickly I could warm up. When I stepped out of the Puget Sound when it was windy and 50 F, it took an hour sometimes to warm back up. It was miserable. When it was sunny and 70 F, I could warm up in minutes. Very enjoyable.

Warming up is much easier from a cool than cold. It is less stressful. For the last year I have done fewer and fewer cold water blasts at the end of my shower. As my primary health focus went towards increasing body temperature and reducing stress levels, I didn’t see as much benefit in the cold shower finishes. I still walk around in cooler temperatures without a jacket. As long as I am moving, I find it invigorating and not a bit stressful.

Which develops greater cold exposure resiliency, time or temperature? I think this might vary from person to person and it will depend on their environment. But for me, I have started the 100% cool shower method. It is not stressful and I believe it will increase my temperature resiliency, albeit maybe not as much as cold showers, but it will more sustainable for me. And if I drop a few pounds, win-win!

Have you had any experience with cool showers? Did you lose fat or widen your temperature comfort zone?

Anatomy of a Stupid Fitness Comment

Most of the 10,000 comments this blog has received since December 2005 are respectable and informative. This post is about one comment that was neither. Comments like this represent less than 1% of the total comments received. 

On a few fitness posts, I have started closing comments. I usually wait a few years, which is more than enough time to for everyone to provide feedback. Comments that pop up two or more years after the post was published are rarely insightful. They are often written by some blowhard, usually with a fake name, on how he is great and how I am wrong. Rarely does the final commenter bring new facts to the table.

Here is the FINAL comment on my How Tim Ferriss REALLY Gained 34 pounds of Muscle in 28 Days post. A post that was published on January 20, 2011.

  1. Big Guy says

    You obviously have never used the program. And don’t know what the hell you are talking about. Not only have gained 30 pounds of lean muscle using this program I have also helped several others gain between 10 and 30 pounds of NEW lean muscle in thirty days. Not easy but has been done over and over again.

My critic uses a fake name, calling himself Big Guy. If you are going to use a fake name, at least use one that we can at least take seriously. Do you think anyone at the gym is saying “I learned something useful from Big Guy today.”?

Now let me pick apart his comment.

BG: You obviously have never used the program.

Whether I used the program or not was not relevant to the post. The post detailed how Tim Ferriss used weight manipulation to “gain 34 pounds of muscle”. If Big Guy had read the post, he would have read this sentence in the second paragraph.

MAS: I also agree that his training and eating protocol are solid programs for mass gaining.

I didn’t just add the bold. It has been there for almost 4 years. Then in a follow up comment, I said this about Tim’s HIT training.

MAS: I’m a huge fan of slow lifting HIT. It is the most effective lifting strategy I’ve ever used.

So I defended Tim’s training protocol twice. Big Guy must have missed that. He continues.

BG: And don’t know what the hell you are talking about.

Point out to me one thing I got wrong in that post. Pull out the The 4-Hour Body (4HB) and then pull out The 4-Hour Workweek (4HWW). Read Tim’s own account of his weight. Line up the dates for yourself. Then read the chapter in the 4HWW where he details how he was able to manipulate his weight while competing in Japan. If you just read the 4HB, you are getting the filtered version. I was fortunate to have read and recalled that info in 4HWW prior to reading the 4HB.

Big Guy continues:

BG: Not only have gained 30 pounds of lean muscle using this program I have also helped several others gain between 10 and 30 pounds of NEW lean muscle in thirty days.

The difference between 10 and 30 is staggering. Here is what I said about 10 pounds.

MAS: Ten pounds is commendable and it is more realistic for an untrained lifter that is working out hard and eating like crazy.

Thirty pounds of new muscle in a month is not realistic. It might be possible, but it is no where near realistic. Give me a malnourished teenager from Samoa and I might have a chance to get 30 pounds on him in a month. But for 99.99% of lifters it isn’t going to happen.

Finally if you were able to help several others gain so much muscle in a month, how do you find time to comment on posts from 2011? I would think you’d have clients lined up around the block throwing money at you. In fact, your name would be known in the fitness community. You wouldn’t need to use fake names on blog comments. And your client base would proof that you were correct. You wouldn’t need to waste your time trying to correct me.

Geek to Freak is still a hoax. Do you know how I know? The book has been out since December 2010. It was a bestseller. Between the book and the supporting blog post, I wouldn’t be surprised if it had an audience of 1 million. Most of them, young healthy males seeking to gain more muscle. Yet almost nobody is still talking about this chapter. It came and went. If it were realistic, there will would A LOT MORE success stories and we would still be talking about it.


The Fremont Troll

My patience for disrespectful fitness comments is wearing thin. I don’t get paid for this. The fitness posts I do are mostly how I would speak to a younger version of myself, with the basic message of don’t believe nonsense and don’t get hurt. If you want to believe fitness fairy tales of muscle gain, knock yourself out.

Merging Foundation Training With Hillfit

Regular readers of this site know that I am a proponent of High Intensity Training (HIT) and that the bodyweight approach I discuss the most is the Hillfit program. As great as that routine is there is one exercise in it that I never got much benefit from: the Hip Extension. I tooled around with the different variations, but over time started doing it less and less as I didn’t feel I was getting any benefit. Then I hurt my knee and stopped doing it completely.

A year ago I posted on Foundation Training. Whereas Hillfit is a program of safely designed static hold movements that require very little skill to perform, Foundation Training is the movement equivalent. Much like HIT, Foundation Training is time efficient, focuses on building strength and the movements are easy to learn.

I see Hillfit as a way to build strength that I can apply to any endeavor. I see Foundation Training as a way to undo the damage of modern life in minimal time.

By that I mean limited movement and the hours we spend everyday sitting at a desk, in a car or in front of a TV. The movements used in Foundation Training are in my opinion time efficient ways to reverse what sitting is doing to our body. I tried a standing desk. Didn’t care for it. Foundation Training works better for me.

Back in February in the post Body Language and Exercise Warm-Up, I mentioned that I always do Windmills before lifting. Foundation Training has a Windmill in it that was slightly different than the one I had been doing. It involves sitting further back before bending forward. Doing this stretched my hamstrings more and there some glute activation. That is when the light bulb went off. Instead of doing Windmill repetitions like in the Foundation Training routine, I’d use static holds like Hillfit.

The best glute exercise I’ve ever done and it only takes 90 seconds.

Foundation Training Book
Foundation: Redefine Your Core, Conquer Back Pain, and Move with Confidence by Dr. Eric Goodman. I have not seen the Kindle version, but I can’t imagine it displaying the images as nicely as the paperback edition. 

The Static Windmill

I’m sure someone somewhere has stumbled onto this exercise and named it. Probably in a yoga routine. But I am unaware if they did. So for now I’ll be naming this movement The Static Windmill.

The most important part of this exercise is not the Windmill part, but the bend forward. Forget the old way of touching your toes. Widen your stance a little, stick your ass back and now with a bend in your knees drop your hands the ground about 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) in front of your feet. Hold this.

What you should feel is a stretch in your hamstrings and your glute muscles firing. If you don’t, you’ll need to “dial it in”. That is an espresso term for adjusting the grinder so the shot speed is perfect. We are all different, so our stances, the knee bend and where our hands are will be different. Your goal is to dial in where you feel that tension. This is a similar concept to Hillfit, in that those exercises are held at the point where the most muscle fibers are engaged. Same concept here.

Once you think you have the spot, try driving your heels into the ground. This will tell you if you’ve dialed it in. You should feel increased gluteal muscle activation. If you do, you are on target. Now hold this for 30 seconds.

The first time you do this, I suggest stopping here. Don’t even do the Windmill part yet. I always ease into any new exercise.

Once you’ve done the 30 second hold, lift your left hand and twist your torso to the left into a windmill pose. Using your left hand, point to the sky. You’ll now notice your left glute is working harder. Now force your left heel down and you’ll really feel it. Hold for 30 seconds. Return to where you started and repeat the same movement on for the right side.

That is it. Brief, intense, effective and safe.

Before You Start

You could jump into the Static Windmill directly, but it might be wise to learn the principles of Foundation Training first. There is a 12 minute video on YouTube that is a great overview. Don’t do it all the first time. Start with a few minutes and then return to it in a few days and go a little longer. If you get a lot of value like I did from this clip, consider getting the full DVD which is available on the Foundation Training website. I bought version one of the DVD. Version two is out now, which I understand is even better.

As I was putting this post together I discovered Foundation Training had an affiliate program. I signed up and was approved. Like Hillfit, I really believe in Foundation Training. And I think they compliment each other nicely. If you decide to purchase, consider clicking the banner below or the one on my Support page.

Foundation Training Movement

Foundation Training – (my review)

CrossFit is Not AntiFragile

I’ve seen a few proponents of CrossFit try and claim because of the randomness of the daily workouts (WOD) that they are following the principles of Antifragile. For those unaware Antifragile is a book written by Nassim Taleb describing a state for which we do not have a word for in the English language. Fragile means something easily breakable. Not fragile means it is not easily breakable. Antifragile goes further and states that the stress will make the object better than it was before.

Exercise can clearly be both. If you provide a safe stimulus and allow time for recovery, your muscles will get stronger. If safety or recoverability is compromised, then what could have been Antifragile just becomes fragile.

CrossFit workouts might be random, but the body does not require randomness to gain strength. Get the weight, volume, recovery, form or tempo wrong in CrossFit and you will be sidelined with injuries that create damage far worse than the benefits received. The losses are not limited. One bad rep of a poorly selected exercise can sideline you for weeks, months or years.

For exercise to be truly Antifragile it must be safe. It need not be random.

To construct an exercise plan that is Antifragile, one should solve for safety first. The movement should have a very low skill component, because the more difficult the exercise the harder it will be to perform safely under load and fatigued situations. CrossFit uses compound movements that have high skill requirements. CrossFit solves for power and strength first and then attempts to make it safer. And they aren’t always successful as a lot of people get injured from either compromised form, using too much weight or too much volume.

I believe you can construct an exercise plan that is safe, effective and antifragile with High Intensity Training (HIT). The Big 5 Workout as described in Body By Science has a machine based plan and Hillfit 2.0 has a bodyweight approach. Both are designed for safety first. The skill needed to perform each movement is extremely low. By slowing down the movement and removing momentum, you not only end up using less weight, but you aren’t powering through weak points in the repetition. The progression path of increasing weight or time under load on an exercise that allows one to go to failure is safe by design as long as it is performed slowly. That makes HIT Antifragile.


Photo by crossfitpaleodietfitnessclasses. A static hold or slow press with lighter dumbbells would not only be safer, but just as effective for building shoulder strength.

This post is not meant to start a battle with CrossFit. Even Taleb got it wrong. In the post What Taleb Got Wrong in Antifragile, I use the author’s own lessons to discredit his approach to exercise as not being Antifragile.

Just Label Your Critics Haters or Trolls

One of the things I most dislike about the health and fitness blogosphere is that certain people with some level of popularity can dismiss honest criticisms from less popular bloggers or commenters by labeling them haters or trolls. Sometimes it might be justified, but the labels are thrown around too easily. I’m not going to name names, just be aware of those at the top that are quick to dismiss any challenge to their beliefs and business model by labeling their opponent and not addressing their argument.

I can think of three popular fitness professionals on the internet that I agree with 80-90% of the time that I can’t stand. They exude arrogance and condescension. If you disagree with them, you are either ignored or dismissed as a troll.

For the most part I rarely comment on other websites. If something inspires me, I’d prefer to blog about it here and link to the original post to extend the conversation. For me blogging is about learning and I learn a lot from those who comment here. Even though I don’t comment much, I am partly aware of how certain elite bloggers treat those that challenge their posts. I’ll never know how many comments they removed or how many people got banned, but sometimes the word gets out.

To my knowledge, I’ve never been labeled a hater or a troll. There are two fitness sites where my comments have been blocked. I never go back to those sites and I refuse to link to them. In most cases I prefer to shun not shame.

On the nutrition side, nobody gets labeled a hater more than CarbSane. She is a top researcher and confronts those who spread false nutritional ideas with references. Her critics try and dismiss her with name calling, but she keeps at them on both her blog and on Twitter. CarbSane has become my Snopes to dismiss nutritional misinformation.

At times I wish I was more like her on the fitness side, but I’m not nearly as smart nor do I have a passion to keep fighting the same battle over and over. It is like building sand castles on the beach. Every day a new wave of nonsense will level the previous day’s work.

sand castle

Photo by tony…

Another Top Fitness Writer Fails to Impress Me

Who needs safety when you got abs?

Better to read the conclusion of my 20 Years of Weightlifting post.

The greatest gains you will make will come from avoiding injury and understanding survivorship bias. Find a workout that minimizes injury risk while allowing you to dial up intensity. Then rest and trust the process.

twitter poster

Vintage Twitter Logo by theThreeSisters

Back Pain, Headaches and Stress

It isn’t very often that a true insight into our own health hits, but I believe I had one a few weeks ago.

Long time readers of this blog know that I tackled and overcame my back pain issues years ago. After I admitted that I didn’t understand what caused my back pain, I did a lot of research and came to the conclusion that the pain was rooted in stress.

The back pain was most likely to flare up when I tried unsuccessfully to control something beyond my control. Once I saw the pattern I was able to learn how to release control and the back pain went away. Then for a few years, I rarely got any back pain. When I did, I would reflect on what I was trying to control, change my response and the pain would go away.

After tackling the back pain, I went after headaches. After 3.5 years of quantified self tracking, I came to the conclusion that stress was likely the cause of my headaches. It that case, it was the tracking that made things worse. My Last Post on Headaches goes into more detail on my thoughts.

Some Questions

Earlier this month the back pain started up again. This wasn’t a concern since I was confident that I could address it in a way to make it go away. But some interesting questions popped into my head.

  1. I believe stress is the root of both my back pain and headaches. Yet I can’t recall a single time where I had both back pain and a headache simultaneously. Why?
  2. Is the stress associated with back pain different from the stress associated with headaches?
  3. My headache pain typically starts very early in the morning (~3 AM). My back pain would most likely hit in the early afternoon (~ 3 PM). Why?

I chewed on these questions for a few days and I think I discovered the answers.

stress pencil

Photo by Light Collector

Back Pain = Stress Triggered by Environment

The back pain was triggered by an environmental or external stress. It was me pushing against the world and not getting the response I desired. From my January 2011 post How I Figured Out the Cause of My Back Pain:

Every date that I wrote down was during a period that I didn’t feel in control. The stock market went against me or I got stuck in traffic or something similar.

The two examples that came to mind the quickest were stressful events triggered by something external and outside my control: the stock market and traffic. Earlier this month I was forced to leave my both my home and venture off into an area of the country unknown to me. This explains the back pain as my response to an external stressor.

Headaches = Stress Triggered By Self

The headaches were frequent when I was trying to force an internal change. Primarily and ironically, getting rid of the headaches. Endless n=1 tests compounded the stress that I was failing at solving the riddle of the headaches. Once I gave up the pressure to the solve the headaches, they almost completely went away. And this is why I rail against Quantified Self.

Headaches were common when I was trying to change myself. They occurred when I didn’t see an external barrier. Like the back pain, the roots were the inability to accept things outside my control. The solution lies in acceptance.

Just a Theory

This is my first pass at a theory to explain the differences between stress induced back pain and headaches. It might be incomplete or wrong. I’d love to hear for others that have dealt with both back pain and headaches and if they’ve noticed a pattern. I’m also interested in neck pain, as it doesn’t line up neatly with either side.

As for the first question. Why don’t I ever get both at the same time? Just a guess but I’d bet that my subconscious is assigning a primary source of blame and pursues the path of pain that accomplishes its goal of distracting me from what it sees as a greater pain – which is the feeling of being powerless.

I’m Done Talking About High Intensity Training Part 2

This is a follow up the post I’m Done Talking About High Intensity Training. But before I start I want to be clear that post was about conversations outside this blog. Not this blog. I will continue to blog about HIT. I even have a post planned that extends the Hillfit 2.0 protocol with a new exercise.

In the previous part I mentioned my frustration as being rooted in the language we use to describe getting into shape.

They will confuse building strength with recreation. Almost all will believe that more exercise equals more intensity which equals more results. They won’t consider safety or think about recovery. They will continue to have unrealistic role models. They will equate speed with strength. They will believe that the more difficult an exercise is the more strength it develops.

This isn’t just my frustration. I see others in the HIT community, many who derive a living from communicating HIT principles, unable to articulate and convince others.

conversation is over

Photo by Chris Piascik

It has been 2 weeks since that post. Reflecting upon it, I can now see three reasons why the communication has mostly failed in person, while at the same time having an impact on this blog.

#1 The Influence of Injury

The average person isn’t out of shape because they were sidelined with an injury they got while exercising. Even those that are will still blame themselves for poor form and will have never spent the time questioning the safety of the exercise that injured them. Those reading a blog on fitness are more likely to spent time reflecting on past fitness successes and failures. They are open to seeking new narratives.

To me the big sell for HIT is safety. If you view all forms of exercise as equally safe or see injury risk as a cost of getting fit then this point of conversation will be unconvincing.

#2 No Reference Point For Intensity

If the average person has only ever exercised in the average volume approach then there will be a distrust or disbelief that a shorter workout can be superior. I was skeptical once before too. But even before I was exposed to HIT, I had backgrounds in other forms of training.

The language I came to HIT with was richer than the average person. Without those experiences, it is going to be very difficult to bridge that understanding in conversation. I could talk for an hour and get no where. However, I could guide a person through a Big 5 Body By Science workout in 12 minutes and make them a believer.

#3 Not Serious

When people state in conversation that they wish to get in shape, I need to remind myself that most of the time they aren’t serious. It isn’t a goal. It is a wish. When people come to a fitness blog to research a topic they have moved past the wish phase. They are putting a plan together on how they will achieve those goals.

If some future fitness conversation progresses to the point where someone wants my advice, I’ll offer to email them a link to a relevant blog post. At that point it is up to them.

I’m Done Talking About High Intensity Training

Last night I made a decision that I would never talk about High Intensity Training unless someone solicits my opinion on the topic. I’ll still blog about it here, but I’m done discussing it in conversations. People don’t get it.

I used to think it was a failure on my part to articulate the principles of HIT, but now I believe most people have such deep ingrained beliefs about fitness that they just can’t comprehend what I am saying. There are so many layers of false information buried in the heads of people that it is futile to even waste any time discussing my viewpoint.

So the next time I hear someone say they need to “get back in shape”, but they are busy, I won’t take the bait and plug static holds. I’ll assume they were once in shape and that no matter what I say, they will return to the protocol that worked for them before or more likely they will stay out of shape.

They will confuse building strength with recreation. Almost all will believe that more exercise equals more intensity which equals more results. They won’t consider safety or think about recovery. They will continue to have unrealistic role models. They will equate speed with strength. They will believe that the more difficult an exercise is the more strength it develops.

And most will fail.

And I won’t say anything.

High Intensity Training is something you need to do to understand. Language fails. It especially fails when we have so much incorrect information in our head clouding our judgment.

drops mic

Photo by Robert Bejil

UPDATE (July 14, 2014): This morning I woke up with the feeling that I had already written this same post once before. I did some digging and found Preaching Paleo, which is the nutrition side to this same topic. My definition of Paleo was and still is more along the lines of “avoid processed foods”, get good sleep and stay safe and not the low-carb CrossFit nonsense that is pervasive today.

UPDATE (July 27, 2014): I wrote a Part 2 for this post.

Just Count Protein – More Thoughts

Two days ago I posted Just Count Protein For Fat Loss, which theorizes that the minimum effort one needs to do to lose weight is increase protein. Get the grams you need and that should reduce appetite, create a caloric deficit and trigger fat loss.

Now I am thinking about timing. If I need to consume 143-191 grams of protein a day and I know roughly how many meals and snacks I will eating, then I need to be cognizant of my running protein total as the day progresses. My first day I raced to hit 144 grams before bed. Yesterday I hit 210 grams. This will take a little practice, but I am carrying around a notepad to help me.

30 grams of Protein First

To ensure I am both getting a high level of protein and that the protein I am getting has the best chance to curb my appetite, I’ve created a rule that I will eat Protein and Veggies first. I will shoot for a 30 gram minimum goal when I eat. After eating protein and veggies, I will then wait before reaching for carbs and fat.

I don’t think carbs and fat are bad, but I want to make sure that I am truly hungry. Several sites recommend waiting 20 minutes before getting a second helping of food. So I will consider Protein + Veggies to always be serving #1.

Eat Staples

I’m a food explorer, so the idea of eating the same foods over and over is not appealing on the surface. However, I’ve learned from a few fitness professionals that athletes that carry a low amount of body fat tend to eat many staples. In my case, I am trying to eat more protein. As many food options as there are, there isn’t a lot of 30+ gram protein options. Meat, eggs, fish, protein powder and some dairy.  To get 144-191 grams of protein consumed a day will require staples.

I can still be a food explorer while I get lean, I just need to eat the protein first.

cans of tuna

Photo by David Mulder. 

Just Count Protein For Fat Loss

I’ve been thinking a lot about low effort sustainable dieting and I’ve come up with an idea that I was certain someone else had figured out before, but I haven’t seen it articulated anywhere. That either means my searching skills aren’t that good or it is a terrible idea or it is brilliant. :)

My thought is that the least effort approach to fat loss would be to just count grams of protein and nothing else. Hit your target grams and then trust that your appetite will be reduced, calorie intake will fall and fat loss will occur. Many diets count calories, which is hard work. Some diets count carbohydrates, which depending on how you do it can be successful or draining. But what many diets share in common is higher levels of protein.

Why Protein?

Protein has been shown to have the greatest effect on reducing appetite. And not only will eating more protein suppress appetite, but it will support metabolism. A frequently cited study A high-protein diet induces sustained reductions in appetite, ad libitum caloric intake, and body weight despite compensatory changes in diurnal plasma leptin and ghrelin concentrations concluded that doubling protein from 15% to 30% reduced appetite and “results in significant weight loss”.

You could count calories. People do all the time. But it is more work than just counting protein and does not address appetite. Go hungry for too long and you’ll binge eventually. In the end, appetite always wins. Give it protein.

How Much Protein?

The site Suppversity does a great job of pouring through the scientific research. Their article Losing Weight Doesn’t Have to Ruin Your Metabolism: No Unexpected Reduction in Energy Expenditure With Sane Weight Loss. Plus: 9 Simple Rules Every Dieter Must Follow lists some solid ideas on what works best for dieting, including increasing protein levels to 25% or greater of total calories. Another Suppversity post more specifically makes a solid case for striving for 1.5-2.0 grams of protein per kg of body weight (not lean mass).

For easy math, let us say someone weighs 200 pounds (91 kilograms). Their protein needs would be between 136 and 182 grams a day. Going back to their recommendation in the first linked article, which advises a 15% initial calorie reduction, this works out to a protein ratio of about 30% at the high end.


Photo by Frank Monnerjahn

This is Starting to Look Like The Zone

The Zone Diet advises a protein ratio of 30%, which is a diet that started out well for me, but in the end became problematic. In the post My Experiences With the Zone Diet, I outlined how the frequent small meals left me hungry all the time. Besides the frequent meals, the Zone demonized too many good foods and had dieters obsessing about both carbs and fat. A quick search on fat loss and meal frequency will also show that “eating many small meals” have no metabolic edge over a less frequent eating pattern when calories are constant.

Despite the problems with The Zone, the 30% protein recommendation seems like solid advice for fat loss.

Just Count Protein

This post is just a proposal. I don’t know if it will work, but it seems like a sensible indirect route to fat loss that acknowledges appetite and doesn’t require counting calories.

I already know the opposite is true. When I was eating clean, underweight and with low appetite, I sought out ice cream as the food to bring my weight up. Turns out ice cream is just 5% protein. Lower the protein, increase the appetite. Right now I don’t think I am getting close to 30% protein. I plan on giving this a try.

What do you think?

How My Diet Got Derailed

I haven’t posted about my 20 pound fat loss bet in a while. The reason is after losing 10 pounds, I stalled and then starting gaining again. This post will explain what went wrong.

#1 Coffee Addiction

Coffee is a complicated tool when it comes to appetite. At normal or low levels, it can suppress appetite and help with fat loss. At higher levels, it can make you feel jittery and stimulate appetite. At least it does for me. The problem is that when I started the fat loss goal, I was already at a higher than normal level of coffee. I decided to not cut back at that time and instead push it until the goal was met. At that time, I could reduce to a normal level. Only that didn’t work out so well.

I’ve become more sensitive to caffeine this year. Yet I still get massive enjoyment from coffee and especially espresso. In terms of losing weight, if I cut back, my mood drops. Mood drops and I reach for sugar. At the other end, if I consume too much coffee, I get jittery and reach for fatty foods. At both ends of spectrum, I consume extra calories.

When people post articles about how coffee helps you lose weight, I always roll my eyes. There isn’t a simple narrative.

useless without coffee

From Inanimate Objects Comics #40 by Todd Zapoli

#2 Corrupt Data (Blaming the Scale)

I’m not the type of person to blame the scale for inaccuracy. My approach has always been to throw out outliers and then average the trend. So if I go the gym and weigh myself 3 times one week and the scale reads 205, 207 and 202, I would throw out the 202 and average the other two numbers to arrive at 206 as my weight for that week.

That works if the scale is off in a consistent pattern. In mid June, I noticed one week that my weight jumped 6 pounds. The next week it was down 5 pounds. Yet by the mirror, my weight was stable. So I started playing around with the scale. I noticed the weight fluctuated if the scale was against the wall versus pulled out a few inches. And my weight was different if I stepped on with my left foot first or my right foot first. I tried several stances on the scale. All had different readings.

I’m certain that I made poor choices based off the inaccurate readings I got during the diet. On one week where I ate a lot of sorbet, I lost weight. Or at least I thought I did. I was excited to learn that unlike ice cream which is my go to for gaining weight, I was able to eat sorbet just as summer was kicking in and lose weight! But the scale was wrong.

All my data was suspect. Every single week. I do think I lost weight and I do think I gained some back. How much? Not a clue. I don’t even know if my initial reading was accurate.

#3 The Move

During my last month in Seattle, I was focused more on getting rid of stuff I couldn’t take with me and packing. There were a few goodbye parties thrown for me and they all had lots of great food. This was not the time to restrict calories. Also, I have this thing about not letting food go to waste, so I tried to eat most of the food I had in the house before I left.

#4 Grocery Outlet’s Sale on Pineapple Greek Frozen Yogurt

I shouldn’t even go into this store, as they always have great deals on ice cream, sorbet, sherbets, and frozen yogurt. During the period I believed I was able to eat sorbet and lose weight, I visited Grocery Outlet to see what sorbet options they had.

They were out of sorbet, but they were selling Ben & Jerry’s Pineapple Frozen Yogurt for $2 a pint. It was good. I went back for more. The price had dropped to $1. I bought even more. Then I returned and saw they dropped the price to 50 cents a pint. I have discipline, but not at 50 cents. I loaded up the cart.

If I made a food pyramid of June 2014, the entire base would be pineapple froyo.

Where I Went Wrong

Before I dive into my analysis, I want to say the bet was never motivating to me. If anything it was a minor distraction. I wanted my fellow competitors to succeed. Even though I was neck and neck with Competitor #3, we both stalled at the same time. Competitor #2 got injured and had sleep issues. Competitor #4 is still missing in action.

I think the goal of “20 pounds” wasn’t ideal and I should have known better. Four years ago I put out the post Fat Loss Metrics For Men, where I basically said the same thing. Had I lost 20# I would guess I would be at a weight when I would have flat abs and some upper ab definition. In that case, using “The Frankie Method” combined with a tape measure would be superior to the “can’t be trusted” gym scale. With tape measure, I could get a reading daily, whereas with the scale my data collection only happened 1-3 times per week.

With coffee I know I get the most benefit when I am able to spread out the coffee throughout the day. I do much better when I can delay my 3rd coffee until late afternoon. If I can do this, then I often can restrict myself to 3 coffees. If I can’t then I end up consuming 4 or 5. This is something I need to work on. For sanity and dieting, I think my sweet spot right now is 3 coffees.

Going Forward

I would still like to return to Level 2 leanness. It is where I recall feeling the best. Being leaner than that was too stressful on my body (cold hands/feet, gaunt face). I will start collecting better data and now that I am no longer in walking distance to great espresso places, I might be able to get my coffee consumption under control. Maybe. :)

The ROI of Quantified Self

After being an early enthusiast of Quantified Self, I now consider myself to be a critic. My last post on the topic was Some Quantified Self Honesty. That was two months ago. In that post and the posts linked to from that article, I cover my issues with quantified self.

In this post, I’ve decided to simplify the argument by treating QS as if it were an investment.

We engage in Quantified Self to discover truths about ourselves that will enrich our lives. We want to be smarter, faster, stronger, happier and more healthy. In each of these categories, we have an ideal, be it real or fantasy. We also have our own reality. QS is promoted as a tool to help us mine enough data to bridge that gap between our current self and our ideal self.

Let us forget for the moment that viewing ourselves as incomplete and in need of a version update might not be healthy or realistic. Instead let us take a data approach and view ourselves as below market investments.

ROI is an economic term meaning Return on Investment. Our investment in QS is mostly going to be time. You could buy software or wearable sensors, but the bulk of the investment will be the hours you spend collecting and analyzing data. When I thought about QS in these terms, a few ideas popped out.

  1. The more “undervalued” one is, the more likely general behavior changes will improve their condition. These behavior changes have a very high ROI, because there is no need for QS. An example would be everything we know about good sleep hygiene. A good book on sleep will have a higher ROI than any QS experiment.
  2. As one gets closer to true value or optimized, the more experiments and greater time commitment will come from eking out a few percentage points of gains. And that is assuming you pick the right experiments, see the gains and that those gains are sustainable and repeatable. All those assumptions are fantasy IMO, because unlike machines, humans are always changing.

Continuing to use sleep as an example. Let us say a person “quantifies” their sleep quality as a 4/10. Although every person is different, I would expect that a group of individuals could improve to 8/10 by consistently following the basic ideas found in a good sleep hygiene book. Time commitment is low. ROI is very high. No QS required.

Now going from 8/10 to 10/10 is going to be the challenge. Whereas reading the book took a few hours, running enough QS experiments to make this leap could take years, if it happens at all. ROI is low and uncertain. Diminishing returns. When ROI gets too low or returns nothing, then one should seek out alternate investments with higher ROI. In layman’s terms, one should stop messing around with QS and instead spend their time on something that adds more value to their life.

MAS Sleeping

I spent 2.5 years of my life tracking my sleep quality. It was already very good when I started. During my QS period, I tested the effect of many things with a goal to sleep perfect every night. The successes I had were minor and not repeatable. The numerous hours I spent thinking about and trying to improve my sleep by a few percentage points are gone.

Quantified Self has alluring narrative, especially to those of us with a love for data. But in the end, QS was a poor investment.

Answering 3 Fitness Questions About HIT and Running

I received an email with three fitness questions. Instead of responding privately, I decided to answer them in a blog post. I will need help with the third question. The email came from someone that read and successfully tried some of the ideas from the post Lower Risk Alternatives to the Barbell Back Squat.

1) You say that you do your strength building exercises to failure. Do you literally mean that you do one rep every 5-7 days? Or do you have a few minutes rest and do a few in one session?

One rep is for static holds. If you are lifting slow, be it 5, 10 or 30 seconds, you will do more than 1 rep. If you are going to failure, you will only need to do 1 set.

If you are an ectomorph or workout in an environment that limits your intensity, such as being an a hot environment, you can decrease the intensity and increase the sets. Still lift slow though. I cover this more in the post Is High Intensity Training Best For Ectomorphs?

The most important thing about HIT is selecting safe exercises with low skill requirements and doing them slowly in a way that minimizes momentum. Experiment with rep speed (and static holds) and number of sets. Then allow time for recovery.

Most fitness protocols advise more workouts per week, but they are also recommending exercises with a higher skill component. The more complex the exercise, the more practice is needed, which means more volume and reduced intensity. With HIT we eliminate the need to practice the skill of the movement, so the volume requirements aren’t needed, which allows us to focus on increasing intensity. Thus we only need to workout every 5 or 7 days.

2) I don’t go to a gym. Is there an equivalent to this great body weight squat that you can do for upper body? Just say if one of your recommended books would help answer that.

Yes. Push-ups and Chin-ups, either done very slowly or as a static hold. The book Hillfit 2.0 does an excellent job covering body weight HIT training. I don’t have a chin-up bar myself, so I go to a park a few blocks away and use the “monkey bars” on the playground. Since I’m only there for a few minutes a week, it is not inconvenient.

3) Going all-out. I have been doing 2 hill sprints per week – 8 reps till failure for 30 seconds, 90 seconds rest. Also, one strength building session which is to failure too. Thoughts? Too much? OK? I’m in great shape and in my early 30s.

I am not an expert in running, but I think you are on the right path, especially with the uphill portion. The only pain free running I’ve done since 1995 has been sprinting uphill. See my post Running Up That Hill – Sprinting Salvation For Tall People. My only suggestion is to space out the days between your HIT workout and your sprints. Try and make sure your legs are somewhat recovered before tearing up that hill.

Maybe one of my running readers can help out with question #3? How does a runner gauge “too much” before it becomes a problem?


New Respect for Assisted Pull Up Machines

I’ve never been a fan of Assisted Pull Up Machines. From my 2012 post How I Improved My Chin-Ups:

When you get under one of these machines, if you start with a decent pull, the lifter slides upward almost effortlessly. In other words, the tension is reduced just when more muscle should be engaged. The lifter games the equipment with a fast start. They also ride down the negative, so their muscles are fresh to bounce up again.

The problem is momentum can be generated too easily with the Assisted Pull Up Machine. But as I learned this week, that doesn’t have to be the case. You can slow it down or you can REALLY SLOW it down.

Bill DeSimone of Congruent Exercise just posted a video of himself doing Ellington Darden’s 30/30/30 HIT workout. That is a 30 second negative followed by a 30 second positive and finishing with a 30 second negative. 90 seconds under load with almost no momentum. Watch the beginning of this video.

I had to try this out and I did this morning. Now I’m a believer. Before I was doing slow bodyweight chin ups combined with a static hold and a slow descent. Now I believe the Assisted Pull Up machine is better. I can target the same muscles in a more fluid manner while extending the time under load. I happen to be tall (6 foot 2.5 inch), so dropping down after hitting muscular failure from a chin-up bar was never a safety risk, but I could see how it could be for someone shorter. The machine would be safer option for reaching failure.

One of the old timers chatted me up after my set. He said he could never figure that machine out, so I talked him through a normal rep and then told him to slow it down. He followed my instructions and did a great job. After the set, he thanked me. Then he went back to his chest machine, only this time he moved the weight a lot slower. Finally someone in this Glitter Gym gets it!

Body Solid Weight-Assist Knee Raise
Body Solid Weight-Assist Knee Raise  – Looks like Amazon sells one. Bet the UPS driver would hate it if I ordered one. ;) In the photo above – the pull up portion is on the opposite side of the woman. I plan to test the 30/30/30 with the dip on my next visit.

Revisiting the Tim Ferriss 30 in 30 Experiment?

Last year I unsuccessfully tested Tim Ferriss’s idea of consuming 30 grams of protein within 30 minutes of waking up. Instead of curbing my hunger, it increased it. Here is what I posted on Ending the Tim Ferriss 30 in 30 Experiment:

It not only isn’t working, but I’ve actually gained 4 more pounds. It has been a disaster. My hunger levels are higher than before. I now think about eating all day long.

After 3 weeks, I ended the experiment. At the end of the post, I listed several possible reasons. But I have may have missed one. For my experiment, I used whey protein. Although I am not a fan of protein powders, I needed the supplement for the convenience of consistently getting 30 grams of protein quickly.

The 4-Hour Body: An Uncommon Guide to Rapid Fat-Loss, Incredible Sex, and Becoming Superhuman
The 4-Hour Body: An Uncommon Guide to Rapid Fat-Loss, Incredible Sex, and Becoming Superhuman by Timothy Ferriss

Maybe the failure of my experiment was really a failure of whey protein and not protein itself? That idea didn’t occur to me until this morning when I watched a video on a making a 4HB protein smoothie on YouTube.

30 grams Protein 4-Hour Body Breakfast Smoothie by HealthNutNutrition

At 2:20 the host of the video states the problem with just using whey protein. Because whey protein is so highly absorbable, “you will probably be hungry within an hour”. That is exactly how I felt! Her solution is to mix it with egg protein. Doing this increases satiety.

High Satiety, High Convenience Proteins?

If whey + egg has more satiety than whey by itself, then one starts to wonder – what is the most satiating protein? What is the most satiating protein powder blend? Most whey protein is sold to athletes that use it precisely because it is quickly absorbed and won’t blunt their appetite for additional calorie loading.

But if your goal is to use higher protein levels to reduce appetite for fat loss, what is the best protein? Egg, casein or maybe my beloved gelatin? I spent a few hours searching and couldn’t find the answer to this question, so maybe one of my smart readers can lead me in the right direction?

30/30 Reboot

I’m ready to try this experiment again. I believe the science is clear that protein has the most satiating effect of all the macronutrients. But I also believe that whey protein by itself is an appetite stimulator for myself. I need a new protein shake recipe. I could even use one of those “build your own” protein powders if I knew which amino acids had the greatest effect of satiety. Your thoughts?

Muscular Potential and Reality Part 2 – Hardgainer Edition

In the comments of the post Muscular Potential and Reality, Skyler Tanner mentioned that the Casey Butt book had a second formula for calculating muscular potential for ectomorphs and hardgainers. Stephan at BioHacks went to work and created a second online calculator to support that formula.

Here is an updated table using my numbers for both formulas.

Height74.5 in
Ankle9.0 in
Wrist6.75 in
Bodyfat (est)16%
Lean Muscle Potential (original formula)190 lbs
Lean Muscle Potential (hardgainer / ectomorph formula)178.5 lbs

In the previous post I said this before explaining the work of Ellington Darden.

Today I weight 206. If my bodyfat percentage is 16%, then my lean mass is 173. Subtract that from 190 and according to the calculator I still have the potential to gain 17 more pounds of muscle. I’m highly skeptical. Not because I am a beast. I’m clearly not. I’m skeptical because the formula doesn’t capture enough data points.

Using the ectomorph / hardgainer formula from Casey Butt, I am only shy of my muscular potential by 5.5 pounds. This seems closer to reality to me than 17 pounds. The reason I say that is because whenever I’ve pushed the mass as a primary goal, I tend to get fatter. This has held true ever since I captured the early gains from following the Pavel training protocol around 2003.

Hardening a Muscle

Photo from Good Health (1906)

Setting Realistic Goals

Using this formula, I think an ectomorph can set better goals. We can define both a muscular potential and a lean potential. For me I think my ideal body fat is probably 10%. My face takes on a meth addict look when I drop into single digit bodyfat percentages.

  • Muscle Potential Unrealized: 178.5 – 173 = 5.5#
  • Lean Potential Unrealized: 206 * (16% – 10%) = 12.36#

In my case, I should pursue fat loss as my primary goal as I can capture twice the body composition gains there.

Use Ghost Reps To Reduce Injury Rate

Today in the gym I watched a lady doing “squats”. I use quotes because her form was atrocious. It wasn’t really a squat, but more like a good morning where the knees give out at the last minute. Her torso was so far extended early in the movement that she had to crane her neck up lest the weight might roll forward.

Meanwhile her trainer kept chatting about her weekend. She didn’t get injured, but she easily could have.

One of the tricks I learned a long time ago is that it is often not enough to do a warm up set with a lighter weight. What we often need in movements with a high skill component is a mental warm-up. We need to execute a few reps using perfect form with no weight. Sometimes just the bar. Years ago I started calling these ghost reps.

Ghost reps have saved me from many injuries. I can always tell when I’m too stuff, too tired or lacking focus when I can’t execute a perfect rep without weight. It tells me I need to fix something before I load on weights or I better postpone that exercise to a future workout.

The absolute worst injury I ever got in the gym was throwing out my back doing a deadlift one morning with just 115 pounds. I couldn’t move for days. Had I done a few ghost reps, I think I would have detected something was off and not to proceed.

Ghost reps will have the most value with higher skilled movements, but I also use them after a long hiatus or when I need to gather focus for less skilled movements.

Even though I am older now, I never get injured. Although most of the credit goes to using machines in a slow controlled manner, I also credit a warm-up routine that accentuates positive body language and ghost reps.

Broad Squat

Photo by Ulf Liljankoski

This is what I call a ghost rep for a broad squat. Do this for a few reps before adding weight. As a side note, I don’t think it is smart to wear running shoes while squatting. See the article What Are The Best Weight Lifting Shoes for Squats & Deadlifts? for an explanation.


Muscular Potential and Reality

Stephan over at Biohacks.net put together the Maximum Lean Body Mass Calculator. The formula used to make the calculation includes wrist and ankle size, which is a wise thing as ectomorphs tend to have smaller wrists and less muscle potential than someone with thicker wrists. But the formula is still incomplete. I’ll explain later.

My numbers are:

Height74.5 in
Ankle9.0 in
Wrist6.75 in
Bodyfat (est)16%
Lean Muscle Potential190 lbs

I have no idea what my bodyfat percentage is. Since college I’ve had numerous body fat tests done using a number of different methods. They are all over the map. I’ve had higher percentages when I was visibly lean and lower percentages when I clearly wasn’t. But the interesting part of the calculation is not what your current bodyfat is, but what your lean mass potential might be.

Today I weight 206. If my bodyfat percentage is 16%, then my lean mass is 173. Subtract that from 190 and according to the calculator I still have the potential to gain 17 more pounds of muscle. I’m highly skeptical. Not because I am a beast. I’m clearly not. I’m skeptical because the formula doesn’t capture enough data points.

Let us revisit the work of Ellington Darden PhD. In the post Fitness Role Models Revisited, I included two charts of muscular potential based off his research and working with thousands of athletes. Go check out that post now. What we learned is that there are two other variables.

  1. Distance Between Elbow and Edge of Contracted Bicep
  2. Distance Between Elbow Tip and Top of Inside Horseshoe

Using both these metrics, my muscular potential is “very minimal”. After playing with the calculator on Biohacks, I went looking for more formulas. The article The WeighTrainer: Your Maximum Muscular Bodyweight and Measurements by Casey Butt, Ph.D. has several more formulas including ones to calculate maximum measurements.

I’m not going to list all my maximum potential numbers, just the two most ridiculous ones. According to the formulas, I have the potential to have a 13.9 inch forearm and 17.3 inch bicep. Unless I foolishly decided to inject synthol, that is not going to happen with the 2.25 inch gap between my elbow and contracted bicep. With very few exceptions, almost every jacked ectomorph you see carrying significant muscle, you will see a small gap there.


Anthony Ellis

Probably the most memorable body transformation of an ectomorph I’ve seen was Anthony Ellis from the original Body For Life contest (~ 1996). Notice how tight the space is between his elbow and contracted bicep. His accomplishments are to be praised, but for a majority of ectomorphs I would say he represents an unrealistic role model.

Today I weigh 50 pounds more than I did the day I enlisted in the military at the the age of 17. Most of those pounds are muscle. I also didn’t start weight training until I was 24, missing the golden window of youth. So all things considered, I am very pleased with what I’ve accomplished.

For most of my lifting years I had unrealistic role models and goals. I was rarely satisfied with what I had I accomplished and I had a poor body image. Thankfully I am wiser today and can look back at that scrawny 156 pound 17 year old and see what I have gained and maintained. I only wish I was aware of Darden’s data earlier. I would saved myself from several injuries from pushing myself to reach some vision of myself that was never possible.

Focus Friday Fitness

I am so sick of what has become of the modern gym.

Flat screen TVs everywhere and not just in front of the treadmills, but everywhere, including the free weight room. The TVs show sports news, regular news, and tabloid news. Meanwhile the gym blasts high energy dance music at 7:30 AM, when everyone in the gym has at least one gray hair on their head. Why? Most the members have headphones on and are oblivious to their fellow patrons.

Personal trainers have never been more inconsiderate. Monopolizing several pieces of equipment while their clipboard rests on a bench that no one can use now.

Every year the gym becomes more and more distracting. It gets harder to focus. But this is what the people want. Many years I coined the term Glitter Gym. Everything is shiny, bright and loud. Gyms have become raves with much better lighting.

I can’t stand it anymore. I returned to my Glitter Gym to do knee rehab, which appears not to be working. Before I leave my gym in a few weeks to return to an outdoor Hillfit program, I would like to propose a compromise to the fitness community. I call it Focus Friday Fitness.

Glitter Gym

Photo by Sport UNE gym

Focus Friday Fitness

Give us patrons that want to engage in a serious focused workout just one day a week without distractions. I chose Friday for alliteration, but anyday is fine. On FFF, every TV in the gym will be turned off. The music played will be non distracting and at a lower volume. Maybe experiment with binaural beats? Or just turn off music completely! 

And of course, I must once again air my #1 grievance, which is the gym temperature is always too hot. On FFF, drop the temperature to 60F. Having a lower temperature will force members to focus on generating intensity to stay comfortable. Higher temperatures are distracting for those of us engaging in SuperSlow, static holds or other forms of HIT.

Remember the concept of working up a sweat? Modern Glitter Gyms are so warm, I work up a sweat signing in at the front door.

My dream will likely never become a reality. People crave distraction all the time now.

20 Pound Bet: Week 11 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #11 Weigh-In: -1. Total Loss: -9.

These posts are getting boring. This will be the last regularly scheduled weekly weigh in. From here on out I will be updating a spreadsheet instead.


I like what Pauline said in her comment on the Week 10 Weigh In.

 I read two things recently regarding eating healthily – practise, practise, practise. And consistency as long as you keep trending in the right direction, you will get there.

Practice is essential for the individual, but it isn’t a spectator sport. If I gather any new insight or reach my goal, I’ll post again on the blog. Until then, I’ll jot down numbers and notes in the shared spreadsheet.

20 Pound Bet: Week 10 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #10 Weigh-In: +2. Total Loss: -8.

Not a good week. A step backwards. A few things went wrong.

  1. My average daily fasting window dropped from 14.85 hours to 13.29 hours.
  2. My knee was giving me fits, so I did no cycling and the time I spent at the gym was unfocused.
  3. I ate too much cheese.
  4. It has been a long time since I’ve had back pain, but this week I did, which kept me even less mobile.

Why did I get back pain? Last weekend was the big coffee event of the year. SCAA came to Seattle and I went for 3 days. Now on a normal day I might have 4 coffees. During the 3 day coffee event, I easily was consuming 10+ a day. Espresso shot after espresso shot. I had opportunities to try espressos that I had either never heard of or only read about. I had to take advantage of it, much like a beer drinker would go a little nuts if they attended Oktoberfest.

Anyway, by the end of the 3rd day I noticed my lower back was feeling sore. At first I though it was from standing and walking the floor for 3 days. And it could very well have been that, but then I recalled a post I put together in 2012 about the connection between excess coffee and lower back pain. See Sarno, Back Pain and Coffee? if that topic is of interest. A few days after the event, my coffee was back to “normal” and my back felt better.

Pulling Out the Big Gun

I didn’t want to have to do this, but I’ve decided to stop eating cheese. It is too palatable. I over consume it. In 2011, I went a month without dairy, but at that time I consumed lots of almonds to curb hunger. That won’t be an option this time, as I quit eating nuts in June 2013.

This will be the first time ever that I won’t be consuming nuts or cheese.


Photo by JD Hancock. Perfect photo for May the Fourth. ;) 


  1. I am still tied for the lead in the bet with Competitor #3. Competitor #4 is still MIA.
  2. My goal is to hit a 15 hour average daily fasting window for week #11.
  3. I’ll be using potatoes to replace cheese. 100 grams of potatoes are 77 calories, whereas 100 grams of cheddar are 402 calories.
  4. I plan to ease back to cycling. Starting with a few minutes.

Some Quantified Self Honesty

Most of what you read from the Quantified Self movement is celebratory nonsense. Without repeating my opinion and how I arrived at it, I’ll direct you to these posts:

I’m not alone. There are other voices of reason emerging from the Quantified Self movement. Besides the excellent blog The Unquantified Self, I wanted to draw your attention to two other voices of reason.

Nancy Dougherty on Quantified/Unquantified

Nancy talks about how she detoxed from QS to get healthy.

There are so many variables and inputs we are not sure what to care about.

A lot of the responses are time delayed, they’re interdependent, they’re non linear.

Nancy QS

I took a screenshot from the Nancy’s presentation. I love the honesty here. 

I love the conclusion she reached. The benefit to her health from Quantified Self was not about quantification, but the mindset that we are in control of our health. Being flexible and exploring are far more important than placing numbers on a spreadsheet.

THM Show 006 – Laurie Frick

The closing minutes of this 28 minute podcast caught my attention. Up until the end the guest seemed quite enthusiastic about Quantified Self. Jump to 22:57 to hear the wisdom.

Laurie tracked via a spreadsheet the following:

  • Fitbit data (2 years)
  • Sleep data using Zeo (3 years)
  • Every city she was in
  • Upset stomach score
  • How many hours she was online
  • How much she talked each day
  • weight data (more than 3 years)

She has looked for correlation and really hunted for meaning.

I have sat and hunted and looked for patterns. I have done statistical analysis. The real truth is human data is noisy. It is hard to find these big learning [insights].

It is hard to correlate. It is really hard to take any single variable and really know these answers. Particularly when dealing with a sample size of one.

And her conclusion after years of tracking data.

It is hard for me in real truthfulness and say, “Oh I learned these big things about myself.”

The Lesson

The next time you hear a “biohacker” talk confidently about the results of their QS experiment, be skeptical. Human data is messy. Too messy for spreadsheets.

20 Pound Bet: Week 9 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #9 Weigh-In: -2. Total Loss: -10.

This was a good week. My plan last week was to journal the number of hours in my eating window. It worked! I was solid on my morning fasting and I lost 2 more pounds.

Fasting Journal

DayFasting Hours

My goal was to average 14 hours. I hit 14.85 hours. It got easier later in the week. I will continue with this strategy. Fasting sure beats counting calories and weighing food.

potato soup

Photo by marsmet546


  1. I exercised less this week due to a setback with my knee rehab. This turned out to help making morning fasting easier. Fitness “gurus” that dismiss the relationship between activity and appetite are fools.
  2. I had quite a few potatoes this week. Very filling. This is a lesson for all you militant low carbers. Carbs are not inherently fattening. Excess calories are.
  3. As far as I know I am now in the lead on the bet. Competitor #3 slipped and is back to 7#. Competitor #2 is at 5#. and Competitor #4 is still missing in action.

20 Pound Bet: Week 8 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #8 Weigh-In: -1. Total Loss: -8.

8 weeks, 8 pounds. Grinding away.

My knee rehab had a setback this week. Cycling for more than 5 minutes started to become uncomfortable, so I’ve scaled back. This means going into Week 9 I’ll be exercising less. Weight gain often happens when activity drops before appetite can register the change. Appetite always lags activity, but they are connected. Any fitness “guru” that argues that point is a fool.

I said I would return to food journaling if my weight loss stalled. It hasn’t stalled, but it is getting close. Today I got a better idea. I believe the most effective idea for fat loss is reducing my eating window. So starting today I will begin keeping track of my eating window and make that information available on this blog starting next week.

My goal will be to average an eating window of 10 hours and then adjust from there. That works out to a fasting window of 14 hours. An example would be 11:30 AM – 9:30 PM. Please don’t leave a comment saying how you need to go hours before your last meal and sleep. That Oprah nonsense has been disproven countless times. The best time for your last meal is whatever facilitates deep sleep. For my ectomorphic caffeine abusing body eating right before bedtime keeps me asleep longer.


I love my pho. I eat pho at least once a week. Often homemade. 


  1. I discovered I eat more cheese when I have more varieties in my frig. This week instead of getting my normal Kerrygold Cheddar block, I got three different cheeses from Trader Joes. The result was I consumed more cheese. Lesson learned. I’ll return to Kerrygold Cheddar until the bet is over.
  2. Competitor #3 is tied with me at 8 pounds lost. I have no updates from the other 2 competitors.

Have I Been Napping Wrong?

I’ve always had trouble napping. I could be dead tired and in need of a nap, but I’ll close my eyes and nothing will happen. Sometimes my mind will race. Sometimes it won’t. I would say the odds of me being able to fall asleep for 20-40 minutes was about 10-20% until recently. The fact I have trouble napping seems odd because I am a champion night sleeper.

At night, I tend to fall asleep within a minute of closing my eyes, usually around 10:30 PM. From there I often sleep a solid 8 hours. A few years ago I used to wake up early and be unable to fall back asleep. I’ve reduced that problem a lot and recently have been using the sugar/salt sleep hack with amazing back to sleep success.

In the past 5 years, my night sleep has gotten better and better, yet napping success has remained a mystery. However, recently I theorized that the techniques I use for successful night sleep are the wrong strategies for napping.

  • Completely dark environment with blackout blinds
  • Completely quiet environment

Since napping takes place when the sun is out and there is activity, does it make sense to make your napping environment the same as your nighttime sleeping environment? I started to think it didn’t. So I began experimenting. For the past few weeks I have been napping next to a window with some light coming in and I make sure there is some background music. The music is played at a low volume. I often use the site Calm.com for background noise.

Then I close my eyes and imagine a cat napping. And it is working.


My old cat Rainman napping away in the sunlight. 

A few days ago, I tried to go back to my old way of napping and I couldn’t fall asleep. I put on some background sounds and opened the door to allow light into the room and I was able to fall asleep.

Is anyone using different techniques for napping than they use for regular sleep?

My Last Post on Headaches

An interesting thing happened last week after my post Quantified Self and False Pattern Recognition. In that post I mentioned the benefit I have received from ending the daily tracking.

I don’t think I’ve had a single headache this entire year that has woke me up in the middle of the night that was intense enough to prevent me from returning to sleep. During the 2.5 year Quantified Self experiment, I averaged 7.5 bad headaches a month.

Guess what happened next? I started getting headaches. Just a few nights, but they seemed to come out of the blue. The last time that happened was in November. From the post Life After Quantified Self.

For three weeks after I ended the daily data collection, I didn’t get a single headache. That is a record. Even in my month with no coffee that never happened. In fact I didn’t even get my first headache of the month until someone asked how it was going and then I became aware that I was having a record month.

Stress is likely the cause of the headaches. Posting about headaches is stressful. Responding to comments about headaches is stressful. Talking about headaches is as well. So I am done. This is the last post I will be doing on my headaches. I will also be closing out the comments on all the older headache posts.

Perception of Pain

Right now I am reading the book Scattered: How Attention Deficit Disorder Originates and What You Can Do About It by Gabor Mate M.D. If that name sounds familiar it is because he also wrote the book The Stress Disease Connection, which I blogged about in December 2012.

In Scattered there is a passage describing how we perceive pain varies depending upon the environment. In situations where you aren’t alone, pain can be more intense. The book uses the example of a skier that breaks her leg. If the break happens when the person is with someone the pain will likely be higher than if the person is alone. If the hiker is alone, the risk of freezing to death could dampened the pain enough to mobilize the skier to move.

Although my headaches were never an emergency situation, the passage stuck with me. This blog and the data I exposed publicly via Quantified Self created a situation where I was never alone with my pain. Daily quantification of pain makes one hyper focused on pain. Only when I stopped Quantified Self, stopped blogging about headaches and stopped talking about headaches did the pain go away.



Stress As a Cause or a Symptom?

I hesitate to say to that stress was the absolute cause of the headaches. I don’t know, nor do I think I ever will. And that is OK. I do know the headaches were unrelated to diet and weather. Focusing on reducing stress and improving my response to stress is the way forward and that can’t be quantified.

So this is the last post I will be doing on headaches. I will no longer be responding to any ideas or suggestions related to headaches. Thank you for following this journey. Maybe you got something of value from it.

20 Pound Bet: Week 7 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #7 Weigh-In: -1. Total Loss: -7.

Last week was the one week where I gained a pound. I was concerned that I might need to go back to the food journals. On Monday, I weighed myself and saw I was up 2 more pounds. Yikes! I really don’t want to do food journals again, but I told myself that if I didn’t register a loss this week, I’d return to writing down every meal.

Well I turned it around and dropped that weight plus an additional pound. The motivation of not journaling turned out to be quite effective. I decided to use Tuesday and Thursday as days where I wouldn’t go to the gym for knee rehab and instead really restrict calories until mid-afternoon. The other days would be maintenance.

The strategy of cycling between caloric deficit and baseline is an effective one. You get the weekly calorie reduction, but you don’t run your metabolism into the ground or feel deprived day in and day out.

liver - sweet potatoes

Beef liver + Brussels sprouts + sweet potatoes


  1. Foods that I have found to reduce appetite the best so far (besides calorie dense cheese) are: tuna, carrots, kimchi, potatoes and beef (especially organ meats).
  2. Competitor #2 in the fitness bet did a blog post this week that highlighted some quotes on an article about the problem of thinspiration.
  3. Competitor #3 is tied with me at 7 pounds lost. No weigh-in updates from Competitor #2 and Competitor #4.
  4. Competitor #3 began the bet pretty apathetic, but now seems highly motivated. Although I have more discipline, he has more weight he could lose. I suspect my last 5 pounds will be tougher than his last 5 pounds.

Quantified Self and False Pattern Recognition

I was watching Episode 3 of the new Cosmos show when Neil deGrasse Tyson said something that reminded me an awful lot of the Quantified Self movement.:

The human talent for pattern recognition is a two-edged sword. We’re especially good at finding patterns, even when they aren’t really there — something known as “false pattern recognition.”

The show was speaking about how our distant ancestors looked up into the night sky and tried to draw meaning from what they saw when a comet passed overhead. But this quote could easily apply to a modern man tracking a few points of data in a spreadsheet trying to find some hidden meaning.

I tracked my headaches, sleep quality and coffee intake for 2.5 years trying to find patterns. The single pattern I found was a decrease in headache frequency when I sharply reduced coffee intake. Look at the chart below.


This was my comet in the sky. And guess what? The pattern was false.

From the moment I stopped doing Quantified Self my headaches plummeted and I didn’t change my coffee intake. With the exception of the month where I was playing Candy Crush, the headaches have almost all but disappeared. I don’t think I’ve had a single headache this entire year that has woke me up in the middle of the night that was intense enough to prevent me from returning to sleep. During the 2.5 year Quantified Self experiment, I averaged 7.5 bad headaches a month.

Why have the headaches disappeared? And how did they disappear all while consuming high levels of coffee? I don’t have a spreadsheet to tell you the answer, but I’ll speak from the gut. The headaches came from stress. One huge source of the stress was Quantified Self. Tracking something daily that I was failing at publicly clearly played a role.

How did I deal with stress? The dopamine hit of another espresso always made me feel a little bit better. But the fact I couldn’t control my coffee intake also made me feel worse. So when I was able to better manage stress and reduce my coffee levels, my headache levels dropped. Coffee was likely a symptom and not the cause.

Today I am drinking a fair amount of coffee. My sleep is perfect and my headaches seem to be gone. Had I not rejected Quantified Self, I never would have learned that coffee intake was a false pattern recognition. I also suspect a lot of the conclusions others are drawing from their Quantified Self experiments are false pattern recognitions.

The rest of the quote from Neil deGrasse Tyson:

We hunger for significance, for signs that our personal existence is of some special meaning to the universe. To that end, we’re all too eager to deceive ourselves and others.

20 Pound Bet: Week 6 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #6 Weigh-In: +1. Total Loss: -6.

The bad new is this was the first week where I gained weight. The good news is I lost another 1/2 inch off the waist. My pants are getting a little loose. Am I gaining or regaining muscle? Possibly. Now that I am in the gym 5 times a week for knee rehab, I am lifting more volume. My intensity is of course lower, but when you have a knee injury and work out in a gym that is too hot, something must give.

6 week, 6 pounds, 1 inch off waist. That kind of fat loss would make me a boring contestant on The Biggest Loser. But it is working for me.

If I don’t lose weight in Week 7, I will return to the food journals.



  1. I pigged out on Sunday. Can I call this a refeed? I blame poor sleep. Bad sleep leads to bad food choices. Whenever I talk to people with serious weight issues they ALWAYS have trouble getting good sleep.
  2. I ran out of tuna and didn’t replace my stash until Friday. Protein suppresses appetite. Tuna is a quick hit of protein. When I was eating tuna in the AM, I was dropping weight. When I ran out, I started to gain. This week I will have plenty of tuna.

SilverSneakers – Young Trainers Teaching Old Timers Bad Lifting Form

The gym I go to has a lot of older adults, because they participate in the SilverSneakers program. The program connects those over 65 years old to a gym and it works with their health insurance. It is an excellent idea for older adults to build strength and general preventive health. It would be perfect except for one thing. Young 20 year old trainers are teaching fast lifting forms. 1 second up, 1 second down.

It is one thing to see some 25 year old male hopped up on Mountain Dew Extreme performing ballistic movements, but it is almost criminal to see the same nonsense taught to older lifters. The young punk has far greater recoverability potential and can afford to make and recover from those mistakes.


Photo by Diane Cordell 

Fast lifting is exactly what I see with all but one older lady in my gym do. More on her later. They push the weight on the machine quickly. The weight now has momentum as it passes over the area where the muscles should have been targeted. The weight reaches the end where it is held. Zero tension is now on the muscle. Now they control gravity and let the weight fall back to the start where they repeat the process until a certain number of reps and sets are completed. The majority of the set is spent with the muscles not under load. 

Arthur Jones, the brilliant inventor of Nautilus, used the term “throwing weights” to describe this.

When personal trainers teach people to use speeds for machines that are using in Olympic lifting they make the exercise less effective. When you lift with machines: Lower the weight and slow the movement. You will gain greater strength and reduce the risk of injury.

The one older lady I mentioned that lifts slowly and with control retired from a career in physical therapy. She understands what causes injury and how the muscles work a lot more than the young trainers do with their certifications.

If you are a SilverSneakers member or know someone that does, keep using the machines, but slow down the lift. Try to take 3-4 seconds in each direction. Never lock out or pause at the top or bottom of the movement. That will mean you will need to reduce the reps, sets or both. That is fine. You’ve increased the intensity. Your muscles are working harder. Your joints will thank you.  

I haven’t confronted any of the trainers in my gym with these thoughts. I doubt they would be receptive. But I want to get the word out to older lifters that might be enrolled or thinking about enrolling in the SilverSneakers program. Maybe they will find this post and find it helpful.

20 Pound Bet: Week 5 Weigh In

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #5 Weigh-In: -2. Total Loss: -7.

After I posted the ant-Quantified Self post, I decided I didn’t want to continue creating food journals. The purpose of the journals were to keep me away from the foods I overconsume, which were dairy kefir and ice cream. Since starting the journals, that strategy has worked. Now I’ve created a habit. I think I can continue eating in the same manner I have been for the past 5 weeks without the journal. If I stall or begin to gain weight, I can always resume the food journals.


Kimbap by Amanda Wong. Whenever I visit the Korean grocery stores, I usually pick up some kimbap to eat on the ride home. 


  1. I am down 7 pounds in 5 weeks without restricting carbs. I eat a few pieces of fruit a day. Plus I eat potatoes, rice and rice noodles. I am also still eating dairy in the form of cheese and butter. Post-Paleo indeed.
  2. My focus has been to reset my appetite to a lower level via higher protein intake and certain key foods such as raw carrots.
  3. I believe I would lose weight faster if I consumed soaked or roasted almonds (not almond butter) in place of cheese, but it might be short lived as I suspect the high levels of PUFA in nuts lower metabolism. Although cheese is calorie dense, it also is metabolically stimulating (according to Matt Stone). Since giving up nuts in late May and increasing my cheese intake, my body temperature is up a full degree.
  4. I am still unsure of the role fructose has on appetite. There is so much mixed information out there. I suspect eating apples and pears has helped, but I don’t know.
  5. In my bet, I’ve heard one of my competitors is down 4 pounds and another is down 5 pounds. No word from the 4th member.

** UPDATE: the 4th member is down 5 pounds.

CrossFit: 73.5% Chance of Getting Injured!

Anyone that has read this site knows I am not a fan of CrossFit. I believe it is the wrong approach to fitness for a number of reasons, but my root reason is the high rate of injuries. When you combine speed + load + volume, bad things happen. Until yesterday I had no idea what the injury rate for CrossFit was. If you would forced me to guess I would have said 20% with maybe 2% of those injuries requiring surgery. I wasn’t even close.

Thanks to Bill Lagakos, PhD (@CalorieProper) for tweeting this study yesterday. From The nature and prevalence of injury during CrossFit training abstract.

An online questionnaire was distributed amongst international CrossFit online forums. Data collected included general demographics, training programs, injury profiles and supplement use. A total of 132 responses were collected with 97 (73.5%) having sustained an injury during CrossFit training. A total of 186 injuries were reported with 9 (7.0%) requiring surgical intervention. An injury rate of 3.1 per 1000 hours trained was calculated. No incidences of rhabdomyolysis were reported. Injury rates with CrossFit training are similar to that reported in the literature for sports such as Olympic weight-lifting, power-lifting and gymnastics and lower than competitive contact sports such as rugby union and rugby league.

I’m sure the CrossFit people can point to flaws in this study, but even if the numbers are overstated by double, triple or quadruple, they are still ridiculously high. Getting in shape should never carry risks of injury or surgery this high.

Is it Bad Form?

A common defense of CrossFit and Olympic Lifting is the belief that injuries are a result of poor form and with good form injuries will not happen. I call this The Myth of the Perfect Rep. To believe that every rep of every set of every workout is going to be flawless is a fallacy. We are human. We are not mechanical. We make mistakes. We lift emotionally. And we age.

Let us set aside that not all injuries occur during the movement, some are slow and accumulative. Excellent form will allow the athlete to progress through lower weights and lower volumes with lower risk of injury. However, as skill and strength increase so does the weight and the volume. The risk of injury still exists only now the stakes are higher.

Your form can be 10 or 50 times better than it was when you started, but it will never be 100% perfect. One enemy of good form is fatigue. Fatigue can be brought on from using too much weight or doing too many reps or having too little recovery. The more skill involved with an exercise, the greater the risks of having bad form. I’ve watched the video where elite CrossFit athlete Kevin Ogar severs his spine at least 10 times. His form looks solid to me. Maybe from a side angle it would be easier to see how this one repetition lead to him being paralyzed from the waist down. Regardless of what went wrong, it was a horrifying injury.

With gymnastics the load is never more than the athletes body weight. With Olympic Lifting, the load is high, but the reps and volume are less. And both those sports have high injury rates. You don’t need to mix speed, skill, load and volume together to achieve a high level of fitness. All you are doing is compounding the risks of getting injured.


Photo by crises_crs

Stay Safe

Of course I have to end this post with the obvious conclusion I reached in my 20 years of weightlifting. The key to fitness is not getting injured. Extreme hardcore protocols do not offer any advantage once you account for injury risk. How do you get strong with minimal injury risk? Do the almost the complete opposite of the CrossFit.

  1. Pick exercises with low or near zero skill requirements, such as machine based weight machines (leg press, pulldown, chest press).
  2. Go slow. Ballistic movements are used to make skilled movements safer and easier. They are counter-productive for zero skill lifts.
  3. Reduce volume.
  4. Increase intensity (or not). With safer exercises, you now have the option of going for an extra rep or spending more time under load without fear of getting hurt.
  5. Allow time for recovery. 1-2 brief workouts a week is all you need.

There it is. It isn’t glamorous, but it works.

Of course what I just described is High Intensity Training (HIT), which is not to be confused with the more popular High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT). After many years and many injuries of lifting the other way, I am now 3+ years into HIT with no injuries and in great shape. The key to winning is first don’t lose. For more info on HIT, read Body By Science for a gym based workout or Hillfit 2.0 for a body weight approach.

What Weight Lifting Should Have Taught Me About Quantified Self

My opinion of Quantified Self has gone from being an enthusiastic supporter to one of extreme skepticism. There is a lure to the narrative that if we collect enough data about ourselves we can be leaner, stronger, faster and smarter. The problem is we are human and unless the correlation is very strong, the data we collect is not enough to draw meaningful conclusions. And unlike machines, we are always changing, so even if we did find meaningful data, it doesn’t hold true that it will always be of value.

I was recently thinking how Quantified Self is a lot like tracking how much weight you lifted in the gym.

Gaining strength is more than numbers. Instead of rehashing my opinion, I’ll direct those that are interested to the post Reps, Sets and the Weight Aren’t That Important. Chasing numbers whether it is going for personal records, lifting for X number of minutes or going to the gym a specific number of times per week can be motivating to some, but every time I chased numbers, I always ended up injured. I didn’t listen to how my body was feeling at the moment, I relied on the training logs to tell me how much I should be lifting.

MAS in front of gorlla

A gorilla with a spreadsheet is still a gorilla

I no longer track my workouts. Ditching the training logs has been one of the best fitness decisions I ever made. The fitness bloggers engage in this endless debate on what is the best exercise, training frequency or rep speed. I believe they are focused in the wrong direction. Pick safe exercises, train intuitively and then rest. Training intuitively means not being married to one volume level or training frequency or rep speed.

In a comment on the post Training to Failure is a Tool I said this:

I don’t believe there is one optimal tempo or volume program that applies to everyone at every stage of their training. There are too many variables. The best tempo is the one that captures your attention to generate the most intensity. For most lifters that will change as we become bored with one flavor of HIT and seek the novelty of something different.

You don’t need a number to quantify intensity. You know it when you feel it.

Intuition Not Quantification

The Quantified Self movement seems noble, but I question if by trusting the few points of data we consciously chose to track is making us less trusting of our own intuition?

Intuition is like a muscle that must be exercised, with trust. – Paul Chek

Lest anyone accuse me of me of being anti-data, I can assure you that is not the case. I love data. I’ve built many database applications. I am fluent in SQL. I once built a reporting system that measured the energy usage of thousands of retail locations and then reported the high usage outliers to technicians.

Having worked with both self collected data and machine collected data is why I’m highly critical of Quantified Self. Trust yourself. It takes work, but it can be done.

20 Pound Bet: Week 4 Weigh In and Food Journal

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #4 Weigh-in: -1. Total loss: -5.

Slow and steady appears to be how my body wants to drop the weight. The good news is I’ve already dropped over 1/2 inch on my widest point, which tells me I’m losing fat and not muscle.

Sunday March 16

  • Gluten Free Waffles
  • Bacon
  • Orange Juice
  • Corned Beef + Cabbage + Potatoes + Carrots
  • cheddar (3 oz)
  • apple

Monday March 17

  • apple
  • beef kidney + mushrooms
  • tuna + EVOO + mustard
  • popcorn w/butter
  • beef stew w/ potatoes (2 bowls)
  • cheddar (2 oz)

Tuesday March 18

  • apple
  • tuna + EVOO + mustard
  • olives
  • asparagus
  • 3 eggs
  • apple
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • beef stew w/ potatoes (2 bowls)
  • cheddar (2 oz)

Wednesday March 19

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • tuna + EVOO + mustard
  • beef stew w/ potatoes (1 bowl)
  • 2 carrots
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • 3 eggs
  • refined beans w/ corn tortillas
  • apple
  • cheddar (3 oz)

Thursday March 20

  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • apple
  • Viet Dish: hu tieu thap cam (see photos below)
  • cheddar (3 oz)
  • apple
  • 2 carrots
  • 4 Korean beef bulgogi tacos w/ corn tortillas + kimchi
  • pear
  • cheddar (3 oz)

Friday March 21

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • tuna + EVOO + mustard
  • apple
  • IKEA smoked salmon
  • IKEA chocolate bar
  • cheddar (5 oz)
  • apple
  • strawberries and cream
  • potatoes
  • Vietnamese chicken legs
  • cheddar (1 oz)
  • apple

Saturday March 22

  • tuna + fish sauce + mustard
  • apple
  • 3 types of kimchi
  • kimchi fried rice
  • Korea yam noodle dish with pork and broccoli
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • 2 carrots
  • kimchi soup w/ shrimp (3 bowls)
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • apple



H3 –  Hu Tieu Thap Cam

If you want to know why I personally object to counting calories look at the photo above and tell me how many calories it is. This is how I eat. I am a food explorer. This year I have really been into Vietnamese food and I’m always trying new dishes at different restaurants in Seattle’s Little Saigon. If I ate boxes of Lean Cuisine®, I wouldn’t have an excuse for not counting calories, but I don’t.


  1. After reviewing my food journal I realized that carrots are a great food for reducing appetite.
  2. On Saturday I swapped out the Extra Virgin Olive Oil for fish sauce in my tuna. Did I mention I like the flavors of Vietnamese cooking? I’ll probably added crushed thai peppers and garlic soon.
  3. My Week #3 rule of not eating processed meat started after my Sunday bacon. A friend of mine hosted the Waffle and bacon party. Couldn’t pass on that. I used the rest of the week to create the calorie deficit.

20 Pound Bet: Week 3 Weigh In and Food Journal

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #3 Weigh-in: -1. Total loss: -4.

This was an odd week. One of my competitors left a big bag of sliced salami in my refrigerator and I was tempted. I ate more than I should have early in the week. Sneaky! That same competitor created a fitness blog called MAS BETTER. Too funny! Starting today I have created a rule against eating processed meats as the calories add up super fast. My weigh in this week was taken on Friday morning, as I knew I would be donating blood later that day. After donating blood, I load up on salty food and water, so those scale readings are likely to be flawed.

Thursday was a rough day. Poor sleep the night before and I was feeling cold. Also an important event I was excited to attend was canceled last minute. So I ate an entire Lindt chocolate bar. Here is the food journal for Week #3.

Sunday March 9

  • banana
  • kimchi
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • Korean pork dish with rice
  • cheddar (3 oz)
  • Korean seaweed soup
  • apple
  • Vietnamese Chicken with rice
  • cheddar (1 oz)

Monday March 10

  • kimbap
  • apple
  • Korean seaweed soup
  • brussel sprouts w/ butter
  • salami
  • Vietnamese fish soup
  • apple
  • cheddar (3 oz)

Tuesday March 11

  • banana
  • salami
  • Vietnamese fish soup
  • apple
  • 2 lengua tacos
  • beef stew w/Korean rice cakes (2 bowls)
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • salami

Wednesday March 12

  • banana
  • kimchi
  • apple
  • Vietnamese fish soup
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • French onion coup
  • apple
  • beef stew w/Korean rice cakes (2 bowls)
  • pear
  • cheddar (2 oz)

Thursday March 13

  • 3 eggs w/ rice
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • salami
  • Vietnamese fish soup
  • Lindt chocolate bar
  • cauliflower roasted
  • potatoes roasted

Friday March 14

  • 1 T coconut oil
  • 1/2 can pineapple chunks
  • 3 eggs + roasted potatoes
  • raisins
  • orange juice
  • beef pho
  • tamarind candies
  • beef kidney w/ mushrooms
  • roasted beets + carrots + Japanese sweet potatoes

Saturday March 15

  • kimchi
  • cheddar (3 oz)
  • beets
  • apple
  • Korean shredded beef soup w/ rice
  • apple
  • cheddar (2 oz)

Vietnamese Fish Soup

Vietnamese Fish Soup by stu_spivack


  1. Going into Week #4, I need to focus more on creating a caloric deficit on weekdays. Weekends are more challenging.
  2. I’m questioning the effect apples or fruit in general has on appetite. This seems to be a highly debated topic. Some – especially those that follow Ray Peat – believe fruit is slimming. Others believe the opposite. I’m not sure who is correct or if there is context as to who does better on which source of carbs when it comes to dieting. If you have any thoughts on this, please leave a comment.

Training to Failure is a Tool

I just finished reading Solving the Paleo Equation by Matt Stone and Garrett Smith. With a minor exception I really liked the book. The audience is not necessarily just those stuck on a Paleo diet, but any dieter that finds themselves stuck, especially those that exercise a lot. This book was an extension of some of the topics covered in Matt’s book 12 Paleo Myths.

Solving the Paleo Equation: Stress, Nutrition, Exercise, Sleep
Solving the Paleo Equation: Stress, Nutrition, Exercise, Sleep by Dr. Garrett Smith and Matt Stone

The one piece of advice I had an issue with was the blanket statement in a chapter written by Dr. Smith that one shouldn’t train to failure. For 99% of what people consider to be exercise, I agree that one shouldn’t train to failure. Not for stress reasons primarily, but for increased risk of injury. However for High Intensity Training, it is fine to train to failure, provided it is done safely. In 2011, I did two posts exploring the debate of if one should train to failure.

I consider Training to Failure to be a tool that I can use to meet my fitness goals. It can be a dangerous tool when used improperly, but perfectly safe and extremely effective when used properly.

My Guidelines for Training to Failure

  1. The exercise must be safe enough to stop at any point in the movement and still be safe. A push-up meets that criteria, a bench press doesn’t. 
  2. Reduced training frequency. I can lift 2-3 times per week with normal intensity. If I train to failure I only need to lift once every 7-10 days. If I go to all out negative failure at a true HIT gym (low temperatures), I could probably reduce by training to once every 2-3 weeks.
  3. Cool temperature. This is something that affects me, but may not apply to other. I discovered it is safer to go to failure when the temperature is lower. I am far less likely to get an exertion headache.

The core message in the exercise section of the book is that many people exercise too much and that is stressful to the body. I agree 100% and that is why I embrace the principles of HIT and Training to Failure. It reduces the number of times I go to the gym and the time I spend exercising. I spend more time resting and recovering. And I don’t injured. What could be less stressful?

If you are interested in learning how to safely exercise to failure, I highly recommend the books Body By Science (gym based) and HillFit 2.0 (bodyweight focus). An interesting side note is that on a page Matt Stone wrote in the same book, he recommends the book Body By Science which discusses going to muscular failure 30 times!

Nose Breathing

Solving the Paleo Equation also makes the case that inhaling through the nose is the least stressful way to exercise. Although that advice might make sense for most exercise, it doesn’t hold true for HIT. With High Intensity Training, breathing will start slow and accelerate quickly as the set progresses. You do not want to do anything that will slow down your breathing. It is recommended that one uses a relaxed jaw.

Skip to 2:30 in this video. Watch and listen to Dr. McGuff perform a chest press. His jaw is relaxed and his breathing tempo accelerates as the set progresses. At 4:20 his trainer reminds him to relax his face. It would not be safe to nose breathe doing this workout. You’d get a painful exertion headache.

UPDATE: Maybe I am wrong about nose breathing and HIT? See The Nose Knows: A Case For Nasal Breathing During High Intensity Training.

20 Pound Bet: Week 2 Weigh In and Food Journal

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #2 Weigh-in: Unchanged. I weighed myself a few times this week and was down, then up, but I ended the week even. Due to a project I was less active than Week 1.

Sunday March 2

  • banana
  • tuna (1 can)
  • cucumber
  • cod
  • apple
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • beef chili w/ rice (2 bowls)
  • grapes
  • cheddar (2 oz)

Monday March 3

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • kimchi
  • banana
  • beef stew w/ rice (1 bowl)
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • apple
  • 2 lengua tacos (corn tortillas)
  • pear
  • brussel sprouts w/ butter
  • beef stew w/ rice (1 bowl)
  • apple
  • cheddar (3 oz)

Tuesday March 4

  • 2 bananas
  • Vietnamese: beef + tomato + eggs + rice
  • grapes
  • cheddar (3 oz)
  • apple
  • French onion soup w/ cheddar
  • Falafel (GF) salad w/ tahini sauce
  • cheddar (3 oz)
  • beef chili w/ rice (1 bowl)

Wednesday March 5

  • tuna (1 can)
  • kimchi
  • apple
  • 2 lengua tacos
  • cheddar (4 oz)
  • apple
  • beef vindaloo w/ rice (2 bowls)
  • apple
  • gouda cheese (2 oz)

Thursday March 6

  • banana
  • apple
  • beef chili w/ rice (2 bowls)
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • Korean: cauliflower soup
  • apple
  • kimbap

Friday March 7

  • banana
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • kimchi
  • beef vindaloo w/ rice ( 2 bowls)
  • apple
  • green salad w/ oil/vinegar
  • carrots (2)
  • Korean soup: Beef stock + seaweed + shrimp + mushrooms
  • cheddar (3 oz)

Saturday March 8

  • 2 bananas
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • 3 eggs
  • Brussel sprouted w/ butter
  • blackberry shrub
  • apple
  • green salad
  • beef marrow
  • cheddar (2 oz)
  • Korean soup: Beef stock + seaweed + shrimp
  • lunch meat + cheese (6 oz)
  • beef vindaloo w/ rice (1 bowl)


  1. I might need to consider scaling back on the cheese. Maybe reserve it for just before bed and minimize the rest of the day.
  2. As the days get warmer and longer I think AM fasting will get easier.

I May Have Finally Found a Headache Cure

Last December I reframed my headache question. After almost 3 years of trying to prevent headaches, I decided instead to look into how to eliminate the headache once it arrived. The full list of things I’ve tried is on the post Headache Remedies That Work?, but the takeaway is that the things that work for others have no affect on me. That includes aspirin, Tylenol, Aleve, Ibuprofen and numerous anti-histamine sinus medications.

Before I reveal what I’ve found that has been helping, I want to say that since I quit playing Candy Crush, my headache levels have dropped considerably. Candy Crush headaches have been reported by a number of people online. I am not sure if it head position, the fast moving game layout or some form of screen apnea. Screen apnea is a term coined by Linda Stone that means to have shallow breathing or unconsciously hold your breath while in front of a screen. It is also called email apnea. I know I sometimes have this problem.

What has helped reduce headache pain? Baking soda. I mix a teaspoon of baking soda in water and drink it. Within two minutes, my headache intensity drops. It is unbelievable. At that point the headache usually just fades away. Sometimes the baking soda trick only lasts for a short period and then the headache intensity increases. But it never goes back to where it was, so I have a follow up baking soda and water drink.

This headache hack isn’t perfect, but for me it is the only thing I’ve tried that works. And it works quickly and it is dirt cheap. I also think I could stack this hack with the Amazing “Back to Sleep” Hack, which includes a pinch of sugar and salt mixed together.


Why is baking soda working? Ray Peat and his followers like baking soda as a supplement for increasing CO2. From the article Protective CO2 and aging.

An adequate supply of calcium, and sometimes supplementation of salt and baking soda, can increase the tissue content of CO2.

If this is right then increasing the amount of CO2 in the tissues is a clue. When I was working on this post I found the page How Do You Increase The CO2 Level in The Blood? on the Peatatarian forum. User kasra posted this:

When I asked Ray if carbonated drinks could increase tissue CO2, he replied “In a crisis situation, it (or baking soda in water) can be helpful, but it’s more effective to rebreathe in a paper bag.”

I’ll test the paper bag idea out next, but the good news is my headache level has been super low lately, so it may be a away before I can try it.

20 Pound Bet: Week 1 Weigh In and Food Journal

For a background to this post see How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds and Win the Bet.

Week #1 Weigh-in: Down 3 pounds. From 216 to 213. I suppose this is a common weight loss in the first week. It is especially common when people drop processed carbs with high levels of salt. But I consumed almost no processed carbs before and I didn’t cut back on the salt.

I fully expect the first 10 pounds to be easy. After that it will get more challenging. I mostly credit reducing my morning calories for the first week progress.

Below is my food journal for last week. I’m not counting calories or weighing anything. The early phase of this diet is about making better choices. And as long as I’m making progress, why complicate things?

Sunday Feb 23

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • kimchi
  • 3 oz beef neck meat
  • phad thai w/pork
  • mango sorbet
  • beef pho
  • mango sorbet
  • 2 oz cheddar

Monday Feb 24

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • kimchi
  • 2 oz cheddar
  • apple
  • kimbap roll
  • Korean hotpot w/ beef, fish balls
  • pork ribs
  • rice
  • 4 oz cheese
  • apple
  • 1 oz cheese

Tuesday Feb 25

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • beef pho
  • apple
  • beef heart stew (potato, carrot)
  • apple
  • 3 oz cheddar
  • 3 eggs
  • broccoli w/ butter

Wednesday Feb 26

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • fermented carrots
  • 2 lengua tacos (corn tortillas)
  • 2 oz cheddar
  • beef pho
  • apple
  • grapes

Thursday Feb 27

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • kimchi
  • tuna (1 can)
  • apple
  • cucumber
  • banana
  • 2 oz cheddar
  • beef stew (carrot, seaweed) w/ rice
  • apple
  • 2 oz cheddar

Friday Feb 28

  • coconut oil (2 T)
  • cucumber
  • apple
  • 4 eggs (hard boiled)
  • 2 Vietnamese spring rolls with shrimp
  • apple
  • popcorn w/ butter
  • beef stew (carrot, seaweed) w/ rice
  • grapes
  • 2 oz cheddar

Saturday Mar 1

  • coconut oil (1 T)
  • kimchi
  • 2 bananas
  • 2 oz cheddar
  • tuna (1 can)
  • 2 lengua tacos (corn tortillas)
  • 1 apple
  • broccoli
  • roasted potatoes
  • cod
  • grapes

lengua taco

Photo by Morgan Rochele. Lengua tacos means beef tongue. 

A couple of notes.

  1. I often eat coconut oil and kimchi (not together) in the AM. It is an appetite suppressing trick I learned a few years ago.
  2. I no longer mix mayo into my tuna. I find mustard works fine. I’ve also mixed fish sauce with thai peppers into tuna.
  3. Cheddar is my calorie dense tool for dealing with evening hunger. Nothing is as easy or as effective and as long as I am losing weight, I know I’m not overdoing it. Should weight loss stall, I’ll be looking to reduce intake a little.

How I Plan to Lose 20 Pounds – And Win the Bet

For those that don’t know the background story read How I Regained the Weight I Lost, The Fat Loss Bet and The Fat Loss Side Bet. In this post I am going to outline my plan for losing 20 pounds and winning this bet.

Since I started researching and experimenting with nutrition again in 2007, I have been exposed to so many ideas. Some of the ideas that swayed me early on no longer do. There is rampant disagreement on the best way to lose fat. Unlike other bloggers that talk about nutrition, I’ll be the first to say that I don’t know the answers. I come from a finance background and I approach nutrition from the mindset of an investor. This means I assume I am working with incomplete knowledge.

Calories, Carbs and Caffeine

Any discussion of dieting starts with calories. There has been an endless debate on “do calories count” in the blogosphere. People much smarter than me have been going back and forth on this never ending debate. To me it is all about appetite. Some calories stimulate appetite and some suppress appetite, but those calories do count. I want to have the appetite of someone that weighs 20 pounds less. Since my metabolism isn’t broken and I otherwise seem quite healthy, I must assume that reducing calories is the logical path to reach that goal.

I don’t think carbs are bad or inherently fattening. If I happen to reduce carbs, it is because I am reducing total calories or trying to reduce appetite. I’ll be seeking high satiety foods, some of which may or may not be carbohydrates.

For me caffeine helps suppress appetite. When I cut back, I get hungry, which is exactly what I don’t want to happen now. So this means it is unlikely that I will be reducing caffeine until I hit my weight goal (or lose the main bet ).


No cake for me!


Exercise is the least important part of the equation, because it is where I am the most constrained. Due to my knee injury, I am limited by how much I can move. I can do some low intensity cycling and rowing for rehab, walking – but not too much- and some upper body strength training. In other words, nothing is changing as far as exercise.

Adding more exercise could jeopardize my knee’s ability to recover, which is the entire reason for losing the 20 pounds. I am following the exercise ideas in the book Framework for the Knee.


Before I list my plan of attack, I want to say this is what I think will work for me, not everyone. The sequence of these items is important.

#1 Remove Foods that I Eat Past Satiety

I don’t eat fast food or much processed foods. For me the two foods that I used to help gain weight when I was underweight were ice cream and dairy kefir. I have stopped eating both. I still consider both foods to be healthy, but just not at this time. I see these foods as tools.

I do not consider sugar harmful, but it makes sense to remove the foods that dis-regulate appetite the most. I disagree with the health bloggers that claim food restriction leads to binge eating. It may for some, but my inner economist tells me that if you’re trying to cut your heating bill, the first thing you do is close all the windows. For me ice cream and dairy kefir were the open windows.

#2 Create a Food Journal

I started writing down all the food I eat in a notebook starting on February 19th. I have zero plans to count calories, as I kind of know where the problem resides (see #1), but if I am wrong I will at least have a record of what I ate. I might even make the food journals available publicly as a form of accountability.

#3 Reduce Eating Window

I have found that reducing the number of hours a day that I eat is the most effective and sustainable path to lowering calories. Others get benefit from eating as soon as they wake up to jump start their metabolism. All that did for me was cause me to gain more weight. I must eat right before bed. If I don’t I will not fall asleep and if I don’t eat enough, I will wake up in the middle of the night hungry. The often repeated “don’t eat before bed” if you want to lose weight is a myth.

This means I need to fast or eat very few calories in the AM hours. My willpower is very strong before evening and weakens before bed. I’m also more likely to eat socially and away from my kitchen in the evening. Building up a calorie deficit early in the day is important for me.

#4 Increase Protein

One of the reasons low carb diets seem to work well is that they are usually higher in protein. Protein has the greatest effect on reducing appetite. From the Perfect Health Diet article Protein, Satiety, and Body Composition:

A number of studies have found protein to be the most satiating macronutrient, with fat moderately satiating, and carbs least satiating.

Thus, when people reduce carbs and increase protein, their appetite declines and they almost always reduce calorie intake. This can leads to rapid short-term weight loss. This is why most popular weight loss diets are high in protein: increasing protein causes dieters to quickly lose some weight, encouraging them to continue.

Since I dropped ice cream and dairy kefir, this means I’ll need to add additional sources of protein. I already consume red meat and eggs, so I’ll be increasing my seafood intake. Recently I’ve become a big fan of a Vietnamese fish soup, which I’ll post a recipe for soon. I also love Korean fish soups.

#5 Cold Thermogenesis

Because of my exercise constraints, one way I could trigger more fat loss without movement is cold thermogenesis. For more on this topic see Shivering Thermogenesis. I don’t plan to start this at this time. I want to focus on getting the first 10 pounds lost using the above strategies. Then if I get stuck, start tinkering with cold exposure. I’ll be careful not to stack stressors.

Restricted Foods

Ice cream, liquid calories (kefir, juices, alcohol), wheat, most processed foods, nuts and vegetable oils.


Some readers will want to know about my quest for increasing body temperature using some of the ideas from the Ray Peat / Matt Stone / Danny Roddy camp. I will continue to avoid nuts, as I still believe that excess PUFA is the common enemy in nutrition. However, I will be reducing my dairy and avoiding liquid calories such as orange juice and Mexican Coke. I also think Peat-atarians are wrong by promoting low fat dairy, as it has lower satiety.

If for any reason I start to feel uncomfortably cold, I will stop and consume some carbs. This might be a sign that too large of an energy deficit is happening. See the Calories Proper post Hypothyroid-like symptoms, energy balance, and diet quality for a detailed discussion on this topic.

Last Words

I have no idea how much weight I will lose and how fast. I’ve never actually successfully dieted before. The weight I lost in 2008-2011 was unintentional. It just happened when I cut out the wheat, started cooking more at home, reduced my eating window and embraced a diet based on nutrient density and diversity.

My plan is to use a combination of food restriction, eating window restriction and accountability via food journal to create a caloric deficit. I believe this will result in a 20 pound weight loss that is sustainable.

The Fat Loss Side Bet

There seems to be some disagreement on if the terms of the Fat Loss Bet are motivating enough to me to either win or sabotage myself. So I contacted the woman that came up with the bet idea in the first place. Here is what I offered to her:

If you can lose 20 pounds by June 22nd, I will drink one espresso a day from Starbucks, but if I’ve already lost my 20 pounds by then the side bet is off.

The people that know me in Seattle are already laughing right now. I am the organizer of The Coffee Club of Seattle, whose primary mission to to get people out of Starbucks to support local independent coffee. This would be like forcing a Democrat to hold up a Republican sign at a rally or vice versa.


This is how I view Starbucks Coffee.

The timeline also adds more motivation on both sides. I think she can lose 20 pounds by June 22nd, but she will need to be committed. The thought of me walking into Starbucks for a week is super motivating for her. But my out is if I can get the 20 pound loss first, the side bet is off.

shit got real

The Fat Loss Bet

In my last post How I Regained the Weight I Lost, I mentioned the bet.

Yesterday I entered a bet with three others. We are all going to lose 20 pounds. If I lose, I will be required to go 1 week without coffee. My body could use the break, so this is a win-win.

To me this was the least interesting part of the post, but it is what has gathered the most attention, both online and off. So before I do the post on how I plan to lose the 20 pounds, I want to cover the bet.

Last week I spent several hours working on my health goals and what it would take to accomplish them. Once I had all the data in front of me, it was clear that I needed to drop 20 pounds to help my knee heal. I was already drafting the post when I mentioned this to a friend. This friend liked my goal and adopted it as her own. It was her idea to make it a competition. On Sunday two more friends were inspired to join the bet.

Geoff had a great comment on what makes a motivating bet. For me the motivation is not winning the bet, as I would gladly give up coffee for a week to see my 3 friends lose 20 pounds. My motivation it is getting my knee healthy again. Posting a blog post also provides a level of accountability that I used successfully when I went a month without coffee. In the post A Month Without Coffee – Here Goes!, I laid out the case both for and against publicly announcing your goals. I decided to test being publicly accountable and it worked.

The thought of me suffering a week without coffee is motivating to my friends in the bet. Yet my motivation is to avoid going another summer in Seattle with restricted movement.


When summer hits in Seattle, I don’t want to be sitting down icing my knee. 

How I Regained the Weight I Lost

For almost a decade I was weight stable at 210 pounds. My height is 6 feet 2.5 inches (189 cm). Not overweight, but not lean. Like other ectomorphs, I’ve always valued muscle over leanness. When I moved to Seattle and started playing with lower carbs, intermittent fasting and cold exposure, my weight dropped gradually to 190-195. I wasn’t even trying to lose weight. It just happened. In fact, when the first 10 pounds came off, I was alarmed.

Getting Lean

Then for a couple of years, I was weight stable at 190-195. I looked good. I felt great. Unlike most dieters that regain the weight, I felt I could declare victory. I had it all figured out. Without counting calories or even exercising more, I was in the best shape of my life. Then in 2011, I confessed to my grand experiment. I was trying to get lower ab definition without breaking a sweat. By June of 2011, I was ripped and I did it with minimal exercise. True to my goal, I never broke a sweat.

I always kidded that if I ever got ripped, I’d take a glamour photo and then pig out on ice cream.

I never took the photo, because of my reaction to a news event that happened that month. June 2011 is when the Anthony Weiner scandal hit. For those that forgot, Anthony was a US Congressman that posted shirtless photos to social media. He ended up resigning. The “bro shot” selfie of being ripped instantly went from cool to undignified and narcissistic. I gave up any goals related to ab definition and just continued to eat nutrient dense healthy food.

Becoming Underweight

What happened next was completely unexpected. I kept losing weight. I wasn’t weighing myself very often, but I was slowly losing more weight. I was no longer weight stable at 190-195. I was below 190. By the time I got down to 185, I was getting alarmed. Then someone took a photo of me and my face looked gaunt. By early 2012, I was down to 183. My body was cold. My clean eating had become too clean.


photo by Bob B. Brown

Reversing Course

I decided I needed to eat a little dirty to add some weight. So after a bunch of research, I decided to add ice cream to my diet. It worked. I stopped losing weight. Then I started to gain weight. Everything was going fine, but I decided it would be a wonderful health experimenter to see see just how far I could push my ice cream consumption. I gradually increased the ice cream from a pint a week to eventually a pint a day.

I discovered that with clean eating that I could eat 2 or 3 pints of ice cream a week for stable weight. But then I started the hardest experiment ever in October 2012. I went the entire month without coffee. During this very dark period, my sugar consumption spiked. I suddenly had developed a sweet tooth where before I never had one. I was also drinking Mexican colas. And my weight continued to increase.

In December 2012, I started making dairy defir. My plan was to scale back on the ice cream and replace it with kefir. I ended up consuming both.

Knee Pain and Conflicting Goals

In 2013, my left knee started to hurt. I had to stop long urban hikes and leg presses. I was becoming more inactive. And even after I posted that I was having too many conflicting health goals, I continued to create conflicting goals. More on that in the next post.

To make a long story short, my weight is now at 216, which is not overweight given my height, but is also not lean.

What is My Ideal Weight?

If I were to ask my body what it believes my ideal weight is, I’d get different answers. My shoulders, chest and legs, would say I look most muscular at 215. My abs might say 185. My face looks younger at 200 than 185. But right now only one vote counts and that is my left knee. After reading Framework for the Knee, I’m convinced I need to get my weight down to help my knee fully recover. The book states that for every extra pound you carry, the knee thinks it’s 5 to 7 pounds.

My goal is to lose 20 pounds and return to 195. Once my knee heals, I can decide if I want to stay there or go higher. Every other goal takes a back seat. Yesterday I entered a bet with three others. We are all going to lose 20 pounds. If I lose, I will be required to go 1 week without coffee. My body could use the break, so this is a win-win.

I consider myself in better health now than when I began this journey in 2008, but I’ve clearly been sidetracked. In my next post I will outline how I plan to lose the weight.

Shivering Thermogenesis

Head on over to Getting Stronger and read What cold showers and exercise have in common. This post covers the what we know so far about cold exposure and how it could help us lean out. In addition to the calories burned from shivering and the brown fat adaptation, cold exposure could lower one’s body fat set point.

I’ve been tinkering around with cold exposure since 2008. When I effortlessly lost 20 pounds without counting calories, I wasn’t sure where to give the credit. It could have been the cold exposure, intermittent fasting, reduced carbs or some combination. I still don’t know.

Although I still think there is merit in cold exposure, my most recent thinking which I outline in Rejecting the Seasonal Approach is to not stack stressors. In other words, cold exposure is fine. IF is fine. Low carb is fine. Doing them at the same time is probably a bad idea. I also feel the most important aspect of cold exposure is when it is over to warm up quickly. Extending a stressor too long may likely have a metabolic lowering effect.


Intermittent Fasting – What Paleo Didn’t Teach Me

My first exposure to the idea of Intermittent Fasting came from the original Paleo essay written by Art De Vany. I read it in December 2007 and as 2008 progressed, I started tinkering with short fasts. After more than a decade of eating every few hours, it was a radical change. In late 2008, I read Eat Stop Eat by Brad Pilon and began experimenting with 1-2 fasts of 20-22 hours a week.

Although the fat loss that came from IF was a pleasant side effect, one of the main reasons I began doing IF was for the autophagy. For a full discussion on the topic, read the article Going “Green” with Autophagy as Your Evolutionary Health Care Plan by  Mike O’Donnell. I also have a description written by Art De Vany himself on the post Autophagy and Loading Trucks at UPS. In short, autophagy is the cell’s ability to recycle damaged material when deprived of nutrients.

Sounds wonderful, right? It might only be half the equation though.

In all the articles I’ve read on IF, mostly from Paleo writers, the rate of the cell is implied as being constant. By constant I mean that the actions we fasters take do not impact the rate at which the cell performs its job. That might be an inaccurate view.

Before I explain myself, I’d like to revisit an IF experiment I did in early 2011 where I did a daily 16 hour fasting (Leangains style) for 70 consecutive days. You can read the entire post if you like, but the short version is it started very well, but ended poorly. Towards the end my body was cold, I was tired and caught a cold after going through a long period of being in top health.

I don’t want to rehash the criticisms I got in comments and emails. Some of it was valid. Some wasn’t. At the time, I chalked up the problems I experienced to a lack of randomness. The body was predicting times when I would fast and would down regulate my energy via lower body temperature and just being tired. I now think that is a partial explanation.

Do Not Enter

The Bioenergetic View

In the past two years I have been reading more about body temperature and how it relates to health. Danny Roddy, Matt Stone and Andrew Kim have written about how increasing body temperature results in positive health outcomes. A highly functioning cell is working under less stress and that reducing stress is paramount to excellent health.

In November, Andrew Kim posted Diet Dogma Rears Ugly Head Again: Become a Fat Burner, Eat Your Own Crap, and Live Longer. Hopefully he won’t take down this post, as he has with so many of his previous writings.

This is the first article I’ve read that challenges the notion that forcing autophagy is beneficial. Before we get into that, it is important to understand that in the Bioenergetic view becoming a “fat burner” is stressful. It is less stressful to the body to run on glucose, because running on fat can impair thyroid function. Lower the thyroid and your body temperature starts to drop. This is a possible explanation for my temperature issues or Richard Nikoley’s when he was strict low carb.  Note that the often repeated meme in Paleo is that to burn fat, one must deprive the body of carbs. This is not true.

Back to autophagy. From the post :

Simply put, autophagy is an adaptive response to metabolic stress that when chronically activated drives premature aging by inducing catabolic processes that outpace the renewal ability of cells.

In other words, this is the stressful path to repair. But that isn’t the only path.

Andrew Kim explains that a high resting metabolic rate accelerates cell protection and repair mechanisms by way of enhanced protein synthesis.” Reduce stress and focus on increasing the metabolic rate. The article goes on to say that autophagy is a process that occurs regardless of whether we actively try to trigger it. Forcing it and forcing it repeatedly is a stressor and that could result in a lower metabolic rate. 

Reconsidering IF

I don’t know what happens under the microscope, but what Andrew Kim has posted makes sense to me in the context of my own IF experiments. I will still engage in Intermittent Fasting from time to time, but far less than before. I still feel benefits from an occasional hormetic stress, but my metabolism comes first. Since I’ve focused on increasing my body temperature, I feel better.

Body Language and Exercise Warm Up

Recently I gathered a new insight into the success of my workouts that is related to body language. Body language is a topic that has been an interest of mine for the past few years. In 2008, I discovered the book The Definitive Book of Body Language and it opened my eyes to an entire dialog between people that I never noticed before. Since then I have monitored both my body language and the body language of others. It really is fascinating if you’ve never explored the topic.

What I never considered was how I was responding to my own body language in the gym. Then in November I got a chance to hear Amy Cuddy speak about body language and what she calls power poses. If you haven’t seen her TED Talk, check it out.

Although her talk had nothing to do with exercise, I connected the dots that the mobility exercises I had been using for years happened to be the ones where my body took up the most space. By constructing a “power pose”, I was mentally warming up for higher performance during my workout. Only I didn’t see it that way until recently.

Here is how I described my motivation for doing mobility work in a 2012 post on back pain:

My mobility work is about demonstrating to my mind that my body is healthy and can engage in a wide range of movements effortlessly and pain free. Since I believe the root cause of almost all my back pain is psychological and not physical, I am showing my mind just how capable I am. Throughout the week, I may sit for hours at a desk or in a car. During this time, I am incapable of demonstrating free movement. My mobility sessions are to me a movement meditation. I am proudly showing my mind just how capable my movement is when I step away from the restrictions the modern world places on varied movement.

usan bolt power pose

Bolt showing a power pose in victory.

HIT and Warming Up

Most of what I’ve read from the High Intensity Training community is that warming up is unnecessary. HIT trainer Drew Baye has an article on Warming Up, where he states:

When performing high intensity strength training using proper form and a slow, controlled speed of motion additional warm up sets are almost never necessary. In most cases they provide little or no benefit while wasting time and energy that could otherwise be devoted to the “work” sets.

Most of the physical benefits of a warm up – increased blood flow to the muscles, enhanced metabolic reactions, reduced muscle viscosity, increased extensibility of connective tissue, improved conduction velocity of action potentials, etc. – are obtained during the first few repetitions of an exercise.

I think this makes sense when you just look at the physical aspect. But what I’ve learned from both my research into the psychology of pain and body language is that mobility movements can mentally prepare you for an excellent workout.

My Key Warm Up Exercises

Below are a list of the movements I regularly perform prior to exercise. To me these wide “power poses” bring the gap between a world that wants us to be smaller (sitting in a car, in front of a computer, crammed in a plane seat) and how I want to mentally feel when I put my muscles under load.

  1. Arm Circles (forward and back) – I always begin by taking a wide stance and engaging in 25-30 arm circles of varying speed forward and back.
  2. Windmill with slightly bent knees – Another expansive movement that has me pointing up and down and going from side to side.
  3. Leg swings – I do a set of swings with each leg. One swing is forward and back, the other is side to side. Hold onto something until you learn balance. Vary the speed.
  4. Standing Sky Reach.
  5. Twisting movement with swing arms (see the start of this video for an example)


Arm Circles. Do half with thumb forward and half with the thumb pointed backwards.

Injury Prevention?

Since I’ve adopted High Intensity Training and no longer engage in compound ballistic movements at the gym, my risk of injury is very low. However, for those of you that still like your squats, benches and dead lifts, I think using Mobility Power Poses prior to exercise might put you into the right mindset to not only perform well, but do it in a safe manner that reduces injury risk.

What are your thoughts on using positive expansive body language as a tool for better performance in the gym? Are you have success with any particular movements?

Experiments Update: Sleep, Gray Hair, Tight Neck

This will be a quick post on the status of my latest experiments. I’ve been sick since Saturday and haven’t felt like posting.


There are two current experiments related to sleep. The first I outlined in the post An Amazing “Back to Sleep” Hack which involves dissolving a pinch of sugar and salt under the tongue to help go back to sleep. This trick continues to work wonders. This might be the best hack I’ve stumbled on since I started my renewed interest in health in 2007. Well except for eliminating wheat.

The second hack was mentioned in the comments of that post. It involves consuming tablespoons of honey prior to bed for deep sleep. I’ve tried this three times and it hasn’t helped a bit. But in fairness to this sleep hack, it might be better for those that have trouble initially falling asleep, which has never been my issue.

MAS Sleeping

Lil’ MAS sleeping

Gray Hair

In the post Reversing Gray Hair? Part 2, I theorized along with some commenters that a combination of L-Tyrosine and Copper might stall the progression or even reverse gray hair. Five months have passed since that post and I have been diligent about taking both those supplements. For me the result has been the gray is coming faster than before. I don’t think the supplements caused the acceleration, but for now it appears they aren’t doing what the experiment hoped they would do.

Oh well, bring on the gray. With my longer thick hair, I’ll probably end up looking like Bill Fleckenstein.

Going forward I’ll continue taking copper for its heart health benefits, but I’ll probably only use L-Tyrosine when I reduce my coffee levels.

Tight Neck

It has been almost a year since I reported on my tight neck. Well it turned out the problem was defined incorrectly. In November I mentioned my neck while writing a book review of Becoming a Supple Leopard.

Recently I went to see Nikki at Indigo Kinetics about my tight neck and shoulder. Through close observation, she was able to see that my neck was fine, but I was over-recruiting rhomboids, upper trapezius and pec minor and under-recruiting my rear deltoid, serretus anterior, and low/mid trapezius. The result was some unnecessary shoulder elevation and  shoulder blade retraction in my movements. This was causing my neck to tighten up. I never would have caught that from a book.

My tight neck turned out not to be a tight neck. Once this was figured out, I started exercises to re-engage those outer back muscles. I also stopped doing all those neck mobility movements. And the neck tightness is almost all gone now.


Love to hear what experiments you’ve been working on recently and if you’ve seen any progress. The only other experiment I can recall in my tired state right now is my knee rehab. That is going along fine, but too soon to tell any results.

It’s Gettin’ Hot In Here (Metabolism)

I’m ready to provide a status update on the “Turn Up the Heat” experiment I started last year. The goal was to see if I could increase my body temperature using some of the ideas found in Matt Stone’s Diet Recovery 2 and Eat For Heat books. I provided a one month status report in April that showed zero benefit. By June I had lost patience that I wasn’t seeing any benefit, so I decided to shelf the experiment and focus on other things.

But I mostly continued the ideas I listed from the experiment with one exception. I didn’t worry about eating carbs upon waking. That is unnatural for me. I eat right before I go to sleep. Eating right when I wake up widened my eating window too much.

Diet Recovery 2: Restoring Mind and Metabolism from Dieting, Weight Loss, Exercise, and Healthy Food
Diet Recovery 2: Restoring Mind and Metabolism from Dieting, Weight Loss, Exercise, and Healthy Food by Matt Stone

My #1 health focus in the second half of 2013 was to become militant about reducing PUFA. For me this meant adopting a zero nut policy. I had already eliminated vegetable oils years ago. The last source of significant PUFA left in my diet was almonds. In December, I did a 3 part series on PUFA, which made the case that the standard Paleo advice of “nuts in moderation” might be flawed and could slow down the process of reducing PUFA levels in the body.

  1. The Common Enemy in Nutrition
  2. The Problem With PUFA
  3. Quantifying PUFA, Expert Opinion and My Conclusion

No Nuts + More Cheese

For me evening food satiety comes from nuts or cheese. By giving up the nuts, I was making a conscious choice to consume more cheese. The good news is Diet Recovery 2 lists cheese as the #1 warming food. The bad news is fat loss is much easier with almonds than cheese. This applies to nuts, not nut butters. See my post Food Reward Test: Almonds vs Almond Butter for that explanation. Kevin Richardson’s article covers how almonds can help you lose weight.

I knew that it could take several months and possibly years of eating a super low PUFA diet before I could tell if it had a metabolically stimulating effect. But since PUFA was my interest, I proceeded with the experiment.

It only took a few more months before I began to notice improvements. My cold fingers began to warm up. I donate blood every 8 weeks and I saw a steady increase in body temperature with a slight increase in pulse. My body temperature went from 97.0 to 98.4! This is the first winter I can every recall not having cold hands and feet.

It should be noted that prior to removing nuts, I was already consuming a higher carb diet. I regularly had sugar and never restricted salt. Sleep quality was also consistent. Going back to the list of ideas from the experiment, the only major change I made was removing nuts.


“But Nuts Are Healthy!”

When I was first exposed to the idea that nuts might be bad for metabolism, I dismissed it as nonsense. Then I ran the numbers and came to the conclusion that although moderation makes sense for many things in nutrition, when it comes to undoing years of excess PUFA damage, adopting a strict low-PUFA diet is mathematically the best course of action.

My take away advice is to restore metabolism first and then decide if you want to consume nuts in “moderation”. I will continue restricting them for now.

An Amazing “Back to Sleep” Hack

Often when I’m reading a book I’ll think “I should be taking notes”, but then I don’t and keep reading. When the book is over, a few core ideas with stick with me. And some get forgotten. There was a gem of an idea in the book Eat For Heat by Matt Stone that I forgot the first time I read the book. I’m so glad I went back to that book to look something up. Because this idea is working wonders for me.

Eat for Heat: The Metabolic Approach to Food and Drink
Eat for Heat: The Metabolic Approach to Food and Drink by Matt Stone

For many years I often would wake up too early and have trouble returning to sleep. Several years ago it happened daily. Then I cut back my coffee consumption and that helped. Then I cut back my evening water consumption and that helped a lot. Although my sleep was much better, it wasn’t perfect. A few times a week I’d still wake early and not be able to return to sleep.

The feeling of both being tired and a rise in adrenaline would be a battle in my body. Usually the adrenaline won and I’d get up despite wishing I could sleep a few more hours. In the book Eat for Heat, Matt describes a sugar and salt mixture used stop the stress hormones.

  • 5 parts sugar
  • 1 part salt
  • mix it up

From the book:

The salt and sugar mixture is an absolute must for nighttime stress events.   For wakeups between 2-4 am, accompanied by a feeling of excess adrenaline circulating through your system (adrenaline peaks at this time), salt and sugar under the tongue is the only way to go…Keep the sugar/ salt mixture by the bedside for easy and thoughtless access until you stop having middle-of-the-night wakeups.

It works. I’ve been using this trick for a few weeks. Sleep is now winning the battle with the early morning stress hormones. My success rate is about 80%. This is a huge win.

You don’t need to just use this hack if you wake too early. It could work whenever you feel the stress hormones rising. I could see this being an excellent strategy for those that eat emotionally to reduce stress or even as a tool to help get to sleep.

Returning to Glitter…Already!

It has only been one month since I stopped going to the gym, but I signed back up today. In the post Stepping Away From the Glitter…Again! I ranted about how hot my glitter gym was and how I couldn’t take it anymore. I would go outside and do Hillfit instead. That was the plan and it would have worked except for one thing.

My knee isn’t getting better. Since spring it has been bumming me out. Rest isn’t working. It isn’t even that bad. I can walk for 7 miles with no pain, but driving an hour or more with my stick shift car causes minor soreness. I have stability issues trying to do a wall sit or bodyweight squat in the bent position, so I avoid those movements.

I’ve done foam rolling, braces, topical magnesium, rest, ice, heat and taken copious amounts of MSM, gelatin and Zyflamend. It hasn’t gotten much better. A few days ago I was reading a post on the Congruent Exercise Facebook page about the leg extension exercise, when I asked Bill about what he’d do for my type of knee pain.

Here was his response.


Later in the thread, the Framework for the Knee book was recommended, so I picked up a copy. I went through it quickly and realized that sitting on my ass waiting for my knee to heal wasn’t going to work. Like Bill suggested, the book was clear that I needed access to a stationary bike. Dr. DiNubile writes the about cycling:

It is the cornerstone of knee rehabilitation because, from an exercise specificity standpoint, it targets the ever important quadriceps muscle better than any other aerobic-type exercise, building both strength and endurance.

After reading this, I closed the book and returned to my old gym. With hat in hand, I resigned up. The gym is still too hot, but the focus now is on knee rehab. My gym is only $16.43 a month, so it is a small investment to see if stationary cycling does the trick.


FrameWork for the Knee: A 6-Step Plan for Preventing Injury and Ending Pain (FrameWork Active for Life)
FrameWork for the Knee: A 6-Step Plan for Preventing Injury and Ending Pain (FrameWork Active for Life) by Nicholas A. DiNubile

Candy Crush Headaches

I hesitate to post this, but I need to hear from others. As some of you know I sometimes experience night headaches that wake me up in the early hours of the morning. When I stopped quantified self, my rate of headaches dropped considerably. For a few months things were going OK.

Then I read about how the Candy Crush Saga game was sweeping the country in popularity.

Normally I don’t play video games, but I like to have some awareness of popular pop culture. For example, I watched an episode of Jersey Shore just so I would know what a Snooki was. With video games, I watched my nephews play Call of Duty and I myself played a few rounds of Angry Birds. So I decided to see what Candy Crush was all about.

Candy Crush headache

Candy Crush Saga – The crack of video games

Candy Crush turned out to be the most addicting game I’ve ever played. And I don’t even like video games. When I installed it, I figured I’d knock out a few levels and then never play again. Like I did with Bejeweled a decade ago. That was the plan. But this games gets in your head. I couldn’t stop playing. Thankfully, I never connected the game with others on Facebook.

During the month of December I installed and uninstalled the game three times. I watched video tutorials on YouTube to guide me through levels. I was seeking out Candy Crush tips from friends and family. And I was getting way more headaches. I was fully prepared to blame the increase in headaches on the season. Shorter days means I tend to consume more caffeine and caffeine in high levels is a known trigger for me. But I uninstalled Candy Crush two weeks ago and my headaches have dropped all the way down to pre-Candy Crush levels.

The article 13 Surprising Headaches Triggers by Diana Vilibert provided a clue.

If you’you’ve ever found yourself slouching over your phone playing Candy Crush for hours, you may want to give it a rest. The brightness of your screen activates the retina and the nerves behind the eye, which can cause eye strain and head pain—and the same goes for your laptop.

I was playing Candy Crush from my iPod, which is a device I mostly use for music and only look at briefly. I was suddenly spending an hour or two, often before bed bent over playing. During the time I was playing the games the most, I got what I am calling Candy Crush Elbow. Crushing candy is tough work. ;)

I’ve been clean and Candy Crush sober for two weeks now and am feeling better. Anyone else get headaches from this game or others?

Dorian Yates on Squatting

One of the false criticisms of High Intensity Training is that the top bodybuilders in the world don’t use HIT, so therefore it is less effective than traditional bodybuilding methods. This is false for a few reasons.

  1. I would guess that over 99% of all lifters are never even exposed to HIT. It would be a fair criticism if half of all beginning lifters used HIT and got worse results, but they don’t.
  2. We don’t know how those same bodybuilders would have developed using HIT. They could have turned out better, worse or the same. We don’t know.
  3. This is an extension of point #1. Most of the easiest gains come in the first year of training. Some would say in the first six months. Very very few lifters start with HIT. The young lifter associates their gains to their workout protocol and not the fact they are a beginner. This sets off a culture built on attribution bias. “I made the most gains with the squat” instead of “I made the most gains when I was a beginner”.
  4. Mike Mentzer and 6 time Mr. Olympia Dorian Yates.

HIT does have its elite bodybuilding role models in Mike Mentzer and Dorian Yates. I hate to cite an outlier as a defense, but when someone mentions that no top bodybuilders use HIT, they need to be corrected.

Mentzer has written tons on HIT, so I decided to read more about Dorian Yates. These quotes are from a 2008 interview on BodyBuilding.com.

#1 On Squats

Well, I was a big squatter in my early days. That’s what everyone did and it was macho exercise as well. It was like if you don’t squat then you are not even a real man. That was the attitude in the gym. And, of course, Tom Platz was the big guy around back then, with his massive legs and his preaching about squats. But there were times when I was forced to look at alternatives – from the free weight squat anyway.

I would always pre-exhaust before I got onto the compound exercises, but I did leg press, and hack squatting, or squatting on a Smith machine instead of going to squats. And I found I got much better development from these exercises than from just heavy squatting. It depends a lot on your structure, but it (the squat) didn’t suit me. So hack squats, leg presses and pre-exhaustion with leg extensions.

The great Dorian Yates preferred the leg press to the squat. He started with squats but changed his mind and got better results.

#2 On Training and Momentum

I usually ask, “What is the usual max weight you would use?” The usual reply is, “300 pounds,” or some excessive weight. I have those people using 150 to 200 pounds and getting a much better workout. I make them do it properly and focus on different mechanics, the correct conditioning and correct control – no momentum – so all of the stress is going on the muscle and they have the best workout ever.

They are not throwing around the kinds of weights they are used to doing, because that’s what they are doing with them: throwing them around. They are using other muscle groups, using momentum to get the weights moving and the muscle that they are targeting is not benefiting as much as it should be.

One reason I believe there is so much hostility to HIT is that a traditional lifter has his ego tied up with a number. They say they can lift X number of pounds. When their friend momentum is reduced or eliminated, they find they can’t lift anywhere near that amount. It is humbling to see just how much your “strength” declines when you stop throwing weights.

#3 On Negative Lifting

I believe it is important, if not more important than the positive part. So I always emphasize the negative part because more muscle damage occurs during the negative phase. And it’s the damage that is repaired that makes the muscle grow.

If you use machines correctly, you can control momentum and target the negative portion of the lift. Two things that you can’t do safely with a classic barbell back squat. Based off the comments in this interview, Dorian chose the machines not because they were the safer option, but because they were more effective for him. And his results speak volumes. From 1992-1997, the top physique in the world didn’t back squat.

Dorian Yates

Do you even squat bro?

On Building Muscle

Time to head over to Conditioning Research to read Hypertrophy training – What does the evidence say?

Chris provides an overview on what the scientific evidence says is required to gain muscle. It isn’t about compound exercises or high volume. It is about recruiting muscle fibers. Your muscles don’t know if that recruitment is coming from free weights, body weight or a machine. But your joints sure do.

Conclusions: Evidence supports that persons should train to the highest intensity of effort, thus recruiting as many motor units and muscle fibres as possible, self-selecting a load and repetition range, and performing single sets for each exercise. No specific resistance type appears more advantageous than another, and persons should consider the inclusion of concentric, eccentric and isometric actions within their training regime, at a repetition duration that maintains muscular tension. 

Sorry to keep preaching the HIT gospel, but if one wants to safely recruit the maximum number of muscle fibers that means one should choose exercises that for safety reasons don’t force the lifter to reduce fiber activation. This is the beauty of HIT. By using machines, one is free to slow down the movement to maintain muscular tension without increasing safety risks.

Once you get past “must squat” bro-mentality and start to view exercise as an investor this all becomes clear. Gaining muscle is about a risk reward profile. The young man is too focused on the reward without fully understanding or measuring the risk. CrossFit and Olympic lifts sure do look cool and they produce some amazing athletes, but the failures are hidden or explained away. We need to step back and reexamine exactly what the body needs to give the reward of muscle and then find the lowest risk path to get there.

The article Chris put together says the research tells us it is about muscle fiber activation. It is not about momentum lifts. It is not about volume either. Once you understand this concept, the genius of Arthur Jones becomes crystal clear.

weight machine

photo by kaysha

Headache Remedies That Work?

Some of you know that I spent 2.5 years quantifying data to eliminate my late night headaches that wake me up. In the end, I was unsuccessful on finding a single cause, although I learned caffeine plays a role. During that entire experiment, I solely focused on preventing the headache, not on eliminating the pain once it arrived. The reason is I have very poor luck with painkillers.

Before I ask for ideas on how you would address the pain, I’m going to describe the pain and what I’ve tried already.


Below is my wonderful drawing. The red areas are where my headache pain comes from. More info:

  • My headaches are around and behind the eyes. They often feel sinus in nature, but there is never signs of a sinus infection.
  • The pain is equal on both sides.
  • I am not light or sound sensitive.
  • Lying down does not help and often makes the pain worse.
  • I sometimes get a tight neck upon waking, but most of these headaches do not have a tight neck.

What I’ve tried:

  • Aspirin, Tylenol, Aleve, Ibuprofen and numerous anti-histamine sinus medications. Nothing works.
  • Tiger Balm. Fine for muscles, does nothing for headaches.
  • Sitting upright reduces pain intensity during the early stages. This sucks, because the pain wakes me up and I have to get up.
  • Eating or not eating doesn’t seem to make a difference.
  • Coffee reduces pain sometimes. It could also be a combination of time and sitting upright that helps.
  • L-Tyrosine. Nada.
  • L-Glutamine. Nada.
  • Cold and Warm compresses. Comforting and distracting, but doesn’t reduce pain duration. I usually don’t bother with them.
  • Neti Pot. Makes no dent in pain and sometimes amplifies headache.

My headaches are getting worse again. More frequent and longer duration. My post quitting Quantified Self honeymoon appears to be over. I know caffeine is a player, but I am not in position to reduce it too much at this time. But this post isn’t about prevention. Been there done that. I’m interested in ideas that will knock the pain out quickly. So far nothing has worked for me. If you can solve this riddle, I’d be very grateful.

20 Years of Weightlifting

Although I actually started lifting weights on a regular basis after I moved to Florida in June 1994, I do recall going to the old Ohio State student weight room a few times during winter break of 1993. The old weight room looked nothing like what is available to the students today. The old gym was an embarrassment. Anyway, that was 20 years ago this month.

For this post I thought I’d recall my journey. Who were my mentors, what gyms did I go to and what my training philosophies were. I’ll touch on what I got right and what I got wrong based off my current understanding of fitness. Hopefully, some younger lifter can walk away with a lesson or two.

Initial Motivation

One day in study hall during my junior year of high school, a gym teacher was leading a class of about 15 boys from the weight room back to the gym. This meant the class had to walk through the study hall. Sharing my table in study hall was a cute freshman girl. When Troy from the gym class walked by, she let out a moan. I looked over at her and could tell she wanted Troy BAD! Troy was the only one in the group that I recall having built any muscle.

She wanted Troy. Troy had muscle. I needed to gain muscle. Lesson learned.

You’d think I’d start lifting weights that day, but I didn’t. Maybe it was laziness or maybe I made excuses that I didn’t have access to a gym or both. This was pre-Internet and pre-Hillfit. I hated push-ups and didn’t even know what a squat was. The one thing I could do well was run. So all I did was distance running.


In the first paragraph I mentioned how the old student gym at Ohio State was awful. This is not to be confused with the gyms available to football team or other sports. Those gyms I’m sure were very nice. The problem with the old student gym was it was very small. For a university with over 50,000 students it was ridiculously small, but worse is it was used for classes. This meant it had very limited hours. Most students that looked into using it quickly gave up.

If you combine the hassles of the OSU gym with my lack of energy from distance running and a vegetarian diet, you can see why I didn’t pursue weight lifting then. In the post The Runner 1989-1995, I covered my running and triathlon experience in more detail. The important line from that post:

During my triathlon training I stumbled upon the book Optimum Sports Nutrition by Dr. Michael Colgan. In the book the doctor explained how weight training can give endurance athletes a competitive edge. I used that wisdom and started lifting weights as a way to avoid the pain of running.

It was actually a line from a nutrition book that finally inspired me to start lifting weights.


When I arrived in Florida I joined a gym and started training three times a week. My initial source of “knowledge” was Muscle & Fitness magazine. Many people now called this rag Muscle & Fiction as most of the articles are for steroid monsters and not the average lifter. Later I found Muscle Media 2000. My go to book was Getting Stronger by Bill Pearl, which became my foundation. During this time I did 3 sets of 8-12 reps for many exercises. Body part splits across days.

Getting Stronger : Weight Training for Men and Women

Getting Stronger : Weight Training for Men and Women by Bill Pearl

While in Florida, I gained the muscle that I should have gained in high school and college. I went to several gyms in the Tampa Bay area, most of them were the old school rust gyms, which are almost all gone now. Back then I got it into my head that free weights were superior to machines, because the machines are used by beginners and those people don’t seem as strong. I wouldn’t figure out the error in this thinking until 2010, but I’m getting ahead of myself. I also focused more on frequency of workouts and volume. I did get injured from time to time, but I was young and bounced back rather quickly.

Dot-Com Pain

I moved to the Washington DC metro area during the dot-com days. Traffic was hell and I worked a lot more hours. Just going to the gym required getting up sometimes before 5 AM. Everything was too crowded. You couldn’t even get a parking spot if you attempted to go in the evening. I was beyond stressed out. I hated DC. I got completely out of shape and frequently had back pain. My posture was terrible and I was abusing caffeine. My body image was at an all time low. DC was killing me, so I moved to San Diego in June 2000.

California and Pavel

My first year in San Diego had me slowly getting back into lifting. Maybe a few times a month, sometimes more. My workouts lacked focus. Then in May 2001, I bought a home and converted the single car garage into a gym. I decked my home gym out with a squat rack, 2 sets of PowerBlocks, a dip stand, thick barbells and bunch of other accessories. I had a huge whiteboard where I could write down my workout numbers.

home gym white board

My home gym white board

Almost immediately after I set up my gym, Pavel’s Power to the People showed up in the mail. It changed everything. I wrote an entire post just about my long history with that book titled Power to the People – 10 Years Later. The short version is I gained muscle and got into great shape. I began preaching the gospel of low reps and heavy weights to anyone that would listen.

Then I started experiencing injuries when I tried to push the volume. I followed mostly a fish plus vegetarian diet. Lots of soy and grains. I’m still abusing caffeine and I’m still getting frequent back pain.

Power to the People! : Russian Strength Training Secrets for Every American

Power to the People! : Russian Strength Training Secrets for Every American by Pavel Tsatsouline

At a certain point I realized that I wasn’t gaining any more muscle. I seemed to top at 210. I joined the Army weighing  a scrawny 156, so I should have been pleased, but I wasn’t. My fitness idols boxer Evander Holyfield and surfer Laird Hamilton were more muscular than me. Years later I would post on how those idols were unrealistic for my frame. Excessive lifting resulted in a wrist surgery, which sidelined me for several months. And months before I’d move to Seattle, I completely threw out my back doing a warm-up deadlift.

Wrist Surgery

A high volume approach to Power to the People resulted in a wrist surgery.

Seattle and HIT

My first few years of lifting in Seattle were mostly very conservative Pavel style low-rep workouts. I started paying more attention to safety. I reduced the weight and increased the time between sets. I fell into a rhythm that was more motivated by not getting hurt than making gains. Then a combination of three things happened that changed everything. I read about High Intensity Training on Conditioning Research, got ahold of a library copy of Body By Science and an email invitation from Seattle based HIT trainer Greg Anderson to workout at his gym.

I’ve written numerous posts on why I love HIT. My intensity is far greater now than when I was doing “functional” compound movements and I never get hurt in the gym. But to understand why HIT works has a lot to do with unlearning things that are considered gospel in the weightlifting community. Machines are not inferior, provided they are used properly. Weight is merely one metric to measure and likely isn’t as important as TUL and rep speed. Momentum is not strength. Nor is skill.

My go to resources for HIT besides Body By Science are Hillfit, which is for those that want to use bodyweight exercises at home and The New High Intensity Training by Darden, just ignore his nutrition advice.

Last Words

That is a brief summary of 20 years of lifting. The greatest gains you will make will come from avoiding injury and understanding survivorship bias. Find a workout that minimizes injury risk while allowing you to dial up intensity. Then rest and trust the process.

Interview with Stephan Raczak of Biohacks.net

In October I got to meet Stephan Raczak of Biohacks.net when he visited me in Seattle. During our visit he interviewed me, so I thought it might be interesting to interview him. I read very few sites in the fitness domain, Biohacks is one that I do. The posts on Biohacks are interesting and well researched. Enough background, here is the interview.


Tell us about yourself and your blog Biohacks.net.

My name is Stephan Raczak, 23 years old, and I am currently finishing my Bachelor’s degree in “Biomedical Engineering” in Germany. My hometown is Berlin and I am proud to call myself a real “Berliner”.

I started my blog back in May 2012 after I discovered the blogosphere and felt the urge to share my everyday findings. I don’t use Facebook, so my website is my cyber portal to share information with the world. Two main reasons why I started my website: nutrition & fitness. I had just transitioned from a wrecking 2-year vegan odyssey to the Bulletproof diet and started doing HIT after reading McGuff’s “Body by Science”. I got my libido back, put on 30 lbs of muscle in a year, eliminated food cravings, didn’t hear my joints crack anymore, fixed my digestive tract and started enjoying life a lot more by not being so restricted in my dietary choices.

What is your definition of a biohack?

A biohack to me represents an intervention that allows a person to experience their body in a way that will help them fulfil the maximum of their human potential. A biohack often involves stepping out of your comfort zone and pushing your limits to see what you are really capable of. With that said, I also like to write about lifehacks such as minimalist travelling, mastering procrastination, or not wasting time reading the news.

With my biohacks, I like to treat them as long term projects where the pleasure of discovering new aspects about the body make it an exciting learning experience. Biohacks are not necessarily noticeable overnight but can take years of effort to reach full manifestation. Best example: it takes years of dedication and intuitive understanding of how your body works to build an impressive drug-free physique. No supplement, diet or workout routine will deliver instant results overnight.

Tell us about a few of your favorite biohacks.

Healing Cavities: Being vegan had left me with five cavities. Now, I have only none. How? Eating nutrient-dense foods with a particular focus on providing the nutrients your bones and teeth need to remineralise – magnesium, Vit D3, Vit K2, phosphorus, calcium.

Trigger Point Activation: Either using my Lacrosse Ball or a foam roller, I self-massage areas on my body that feel stiff, tight or that are simply fatigued from working my body too hard. Especially rolling on the Lacrosse ball is incredibly painful when done right, but having a pain-free body makes it worth the effort and the sweat.

Conscious Deep Breathing: Whenever I feel stressed, restless or too distracted, I consciously take 10 deep breaths (preferably outside in cold weather). It takes the tension away from my body and more importantly it calms my mind. It’s like hitting a Reset button. I regain my focus and I can usually return to working what is important for the day. Meditation is the upgrade to conscious deep breathing.

Sitting Less & Moving More: I have been victimised by my chair for too long and decided to change that by installing a Standing Desk. Standing is definitely better than endless sitting but it’s not optimal either. Now, I try not to spend too much time (longer than 30 min) in only one position. I mix it and change my position as often as I can  This can mean that I sit down on the floor for dinner, raise a leg while standing up or stay in a full squat position while navigating my laptop or reading a book.

Eating Organ Meats: Anybody not eating organ meats but popping supplement pills instead isn’isn’t very intelligent. Liver, heart, brain, kidney, testicles, lungs – these meats are so nutrient-dense they dwarf any Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) by providing more nutrients per calorie than any other food. Liver is the king among them. If you don’t eat liver at least once a week, you probably should. If you don’t like the taste of liver, try heart, kidney or sweetbread – they are less offensive in their taste and odour but still very nutritious. What’s also great about organ meats – they are incredibly cheap compared to high quality muscle meats.

5 Minute Favour: Doesn’t fall into the category of a biohack but very effective nevertheless. I started helping one person a day by giving them 5 minutes of my time and trying to fix a problem they have or help them in some other way. I have used it with my colleagues a fair bit now with the result that whenever I get stuck with something they are more than happy to help me.

Do you use quantifiable self techniques in your biohacking? If so, can you provide an example?

Unlike the data-driven Quantified Self community, I have found for myself that I am not so big on quantifying every single variable. Back when I began my health & fitness journey, I would obsess too much over minute details, wondering about silly things like if I should eat almonds with their skins or without. I would totally miss the big picture and not get the basics down first.

With that said however, I have tracked different kinds of variables when I first started out. I would use apps to scan the foods I consumed and thereby track my daily caloric intake (~3400 cal) to get a basic idea how much food I actually ate. I would diligently record all the supplements I ingested, track my sleep duration, subjectively rate my stool quality, graph my weight fluctuations etc.

At the moment, pretty much the only thing I track is my blood work: in particular a very extensive lipid panel (I have Familial Cholesterolemia and take a statin), C-reactive protein and my Vitamin D3 levels. With the Vit D3, I look at my blood level, shoot for around 50 ng/dl, supplement accordingly (currently 60,000 IU/week), and re-test every 2 months to correct for fluctuations.

In general, I have found that if you want to quantify, don’t track several variables at a time but focus one variable at a time and see how tweaking it affects your body. After you have learned  how your body responds to all the different stimuli you throw at it, stop obsessing over small things, focus on the basics that will deliver 90% of the results and stop shortening your lifespan by being constantly stressed out about things you can’t control.

Who are some of your mentors or role models?

Fitness mentors: Bodybuilder Dorian Yates, Boxing coach Ross Enamait, Gymnast Ido Portal, Powerlifter Dan Green, Strongman Misha Koklyaev, MMA fighter Fedor Emelianenko, Youtuber Daniel Vadnal etc

The one common trait shared by all of the guys above is that they simply DO and talk less shit: Acta Non Verba!

They are incredibly focused on their goals, don’t get distracted by others, bust their asses, and wake up every morning trying to become a better version of themselves.

Life mentors: Comedian George Carlin, Podcaster Joe Rogan, Blogger Scott H Young, Author Tim Ferriss, Philosopher Plato, Author Hermann Hesse, Political Activist Lyndon LaRouche, Physicist Richard Feynman

Can you tell us what you are currently researching or testing?

On an academic level, I have just concluded my clinical study with patients who have a Spinal Cord Injury. We used different types of vibration to examine how this could reduce spasticity in the lower body muscles of these injured individuals.

On a personal level, I have started incorporating 3-4 short bodyweight workouts spread throughout the day to increase my total working capacity. Especially for more complex bodyweight exercises such as handstands or one-arm chin ups it is necessary to “grease the groove” and thereby make the body more neurally efficient at performing these complex motor patterns.

Thank You Stephan!

If you have any questions for Stephan, leave a comment.

Homeschool Yoga

For over a decade I’ve had a weird relationship with yoga. I always suspected it had value, but I never made it a priority. It was something I’d get around to doing later. In the meantime, I’d focus on the real exercise of lifting weights. But every so often, I’d get motivated to start doing yoga again. I’d start with a goal of doing it once or twice a week. Even though I had the DVDs, I never stuck to the goal. The idea of spending 30-45 minutes doing yoga was rarely appealing to me.

Yoga and other mobility routines were sometimes frustrating to me. I had trouble getting into the positions or trouble following the instructions. And then there was the breathing. Whenever I was instructed to inhale was usually the point I was bursting to exhale. Instead of being relaxing, yoga was often stressful. My controlling and goal driven nature that I had used successfully in other endeavors was failing with yoga. But it was never a priority, so it didn’t bother me. Over a decade ago, I did attend a few yoga classes, but I could never keep up. I hated them.

Yoga shelf

Yoga Shelf photo by txkimmers. YouTube replaces all this.

Then I discovered the book 3 Minutes to a Pain-Free Life, which I have raved about a few times on this blog. A friend of mine mentioned that movements I was doing were classic yoga poses. I was deriving a tremendous amount of benefit from movements that required zero skill, were time efficient and didn’t rely on me timing my breathing. A month ago I decided to revisit yoga. I wanted to get the benefits from the movement exercises that I had experienced with some of the holds.

Knowing how I had failed at every other attempt to incorporate yoga into my exercise routine, I decided to break the goal down into several stages.

  1. Do a 10 minute yoga routine every day. Firing up a video on YouTube is much faster that loading a DVD. Plus most DVDs start with a few minutes of tedious talking introduction. On YouTube, every time I find a good clip, I add it to my Mobility playlist. The ones I like the best tend to have excellent audio quality and detailed instruction.
  2. Focus on the large movements first. I’ve noticed most instruction involves a large command, tweaks and then breathing instruction. Trying to get all three right at once has been a sticking point with me, so at first all I care about is the the large movement.
  3. Once the large movement has been perfected, gradually add in the suggested movement tweaks.
  4. Lastly and only if everything else is fluid, try and follow their breathing instructions.
  5. Increase the time and or seek out more difficult movements.

This plan is working for me. I removed the stress of a long time commitment and being perfect on the movement. And I’m not pushing myself into positions beyond my skill level. Thanks to YouTube, I don’t need to pay for yoga classes or even DVDs. I’ve been at it for a month and I’m up to stage #3. Slow and steady. I already feel a lot better. My posture has improved and my movement is more fluid and varied.

* In this post I used the term yoga to describe all slow moving mobility exercise routines. This includes Foundation Training. Also, I’m using the classic definition of exercise, not the more accurate one used in the HIT community (PDF). 

My 3 Issues with Becoming a Supple Leopard

Based of all the reviews and comments I’ve seen on the web, I think I might be the only person that didn’t love the book Becoming a Supple Leopard. This post will be a brief review covering the three reasons I didn’t care for the book.

#1 Who is the Audience?

Throughout reading the book, I couldn’t tell if it was written for me – the person doing the exercises – or for trainers. This book is about safe movement. For many, if not most exercises, the person with compromised movement patterns is unable to see what they are doing wrong. They need an observer to make real time corrective suggestions. As someone that works out alone, I don’t have someone to fill that role. This makes me think the book was really written for trainers, because even if I had someone to watch me, that ability to watch movement and make suggestions is something that takes practice and training.

One idea that Stephan from BioHacks suggested was to video record your movements at the gym and then use that footage to make corrections. This is a great idea provided detecting movement errors is something a fitness hobbyist such as myself could do. This is where the expertise of the movement specialist would be helpful. They know what to look for and where. I might not even setup the camera at the right angle or I might need two different camera to capture the movement from different sides. Even with cameras, feedback is delayed. Being about to make corrections real time would be of far greater value.

Recently I went to see Nikki at Indigo Kinetics about my tight neck and shoulder. Through close observation, she was able to see that my neck was fine, but I was over-recruiting rhomboids, upper trapezius and pec minor and under-recruiting my rear deltoid, serretus anterior, and low/mid trapezius. The result was some unnecessary shoulder elevation and  shoulder blade retraction in my movements. This was causing my neck to tighten up. I never would have caught that from a book.

I came to the conclusion that although there were solid tips sprinkled throughout the book, I think this book was written more for the trainer than the trainee.

#2 Photos of Movement?

This is a technical complaint. Writing a book about movement is like singing a song about photography. It is hard to do. I understand that experts in every field write books on their field of expertise. However, I don’t think the material presented in this book is best suited for print. The book has many photos that show at most 2 points of the movement. Reading about the movement is fine, but this is 2013. This book would be so much more valuable as an application with embedded videos. Instead of carrying a 400 page textbook to the gym, one could bring their tablet. Watch 5 second clips of every movement as many times as necessary. Trainers could use it as an educational device.

The videos I would like to see wouldn’t be the longer educational clips he has on his YouTube channel, but super short crisp videos filmed with a tripod. More like what Bill DeSimone did for his book Congruent Exercise. He describes an exercise and then links directly to the online video clip of that exercise.

#3 Different Training Philosophy

Dr. Starrett owns a CrossFit gym and has a huge audience with that community. I don’t what to pick a fight with the CrossFit people today, but I will say that I am not a fan of ballistic compound exercises done under load. I think they are unnecessary for strength and have a much too high risk of injury. I only bring this point up because the subtitle says “The Ultimate Guide to Resolving Pain, Preventing Injury, and Optimizing Athletic Performance”.  I would think that any ultimate guide to preventing injury would first seek out the safest exercises to achieve strength, not work on techniques to make risky moves more safe. However, if your sport is CrossFit and you need to excel at those exercises, this book should be required reading.

Becoming a Supple Leopard: The Ultimate Guide to Resolving Pain, Preventing Injury, and Optimizing Athletic Performance by Kelly Starrett

Last Words

Although I don’t think this book was for me, I think it would be an excellent addition to a fitness library if you are a personal trainer or engage in CrossFit or Olympic lifting. And if Kelly Starrett is reading this post, my advice would be to hire an app developer, get a tripod and start shooting super short professional clips of every movement in the book. I really think people need to see movement. Photos and text aren’t enough.

Stepping Away From the Glitter…Again!

Yesterday I gave my Glitter Gym notice I was leaving.

For those new to the site, I use the term “Glitter Gym” to refer to the modern gym which is full of cardio equipment, mirrors and often loud dance music. When I coined the term over a decade ago. I use it as an umbrella term to describe places like 24 Hour Fitness, Bally’s, LA Fitness and Fitness 19. Since I moved away from traditional weight lifting to HIT (High Intensity Training), I no longer use the term in a derogatory manner. I use it out of habit. 

My decision to leave the gym has been a long time coming. As I explained in my August post Why I Traded Volume for Intensity at the Glitter Gym, the temperature at Fitness 19 Ballard is too damn high. It is often 70 degrees in the gym. The grocery store next door is more comfortable. Limiting my intensity to avoid headaches was fine for a while, but I’ve grown increasingly bored at the gym. It isn’t fun anymore.

For over a year I complained about the temperature and my request was ignored. I was the only one complaining. It is my belief that the temperature of the gym was set for the comfort of the inactive staff and not for patrons. And I understand that. Replacing me is much easier than replacing the 20 year old girl huddled by a space heater working the front desk.

The other patrons and most of the staff falsely believe that their breaking a sweat is an indicator of the quality of their workout. The reality is one could break a sweat tying their shoe at that gym. In today’s Glitter Gym one no longer needs to work up a sweat – it is done for them. And that is why I left.

Chin-up Bars

Photo by Daniel Oines. Some chin-ups, push-ups and a wall sit are all you need. Glitter not required.

Returning to HillFit

I’m going back to the body weight fitness program described in the ebook Hillfit. Jokingly, I told someone that I would do the HillFit routine in the grocery store next to the gym for a superior workout. Who wants to join me for a QFC workout? We’ll meet by the ice cream case – so it will be easy to grab our post-workout meal.

Seriously, I’ll be doing the workout outside, much like I did the last time I left the Glitter Gym in 2011. A lower temperature for me results in a much higher intensity workout, which means I’ll be doing fewer workouts and spending more days in recovery.

At some point, I’m sure I’ll get bored and return to another Glitter Gym, but you can bet it will have to be cooler than Fitness 19 Ballard. My last day for Glitter will be December 15th.

Life After Quantifiable Self

On September 1st, I quit my Hunting Headaches quest. After 2.5 years of tracking, I’m now 2 months free of the daily quantifiable self habit. Did taking my eyes off the data make things worse? Nope. I guessed that ending my daily data collection would have no effect, which is why I ultimately decided to quit tracking. But I was wrong.

For three weeks after I ended the daily data collection, I didn’t get a single headache. That is a record. Even in my month with no coffee that never happened. In fact I didn’t even get my first headache of the month until someone asked how it was going and then I became aware that I was having a record month. My coffee levels were still elevated.

The obvious explanation is that although my time commitment to quantifiable self was small, the stress of daily tracking and trying to affect an outcome was likely a cause of the headaches. Early on in the project when it was clear that I wasn’t able to solve the riddle of night headaches, I regretted posting on the experiment. I became the experiment and for over two years I was failing at it and doing so publicly.

The past two months I’ve had a noticeable decline in both headache quantity and intensity. Even lower than the two months where my caffeine levels were extremely low. And I had a higher than normal level of coffee during this time. My sleep quality was also excellent. Stepping away from the daily tracking was a wise move.

Is Quantifiable Self a form of Journaling?

The book 59 Seconds makes a strong case that writing about our problems is more effective than thinking about them.

Thinking can often be unstructured, disorganized and even chaotic. Writing encourages the creation of a storyline and structure that helps people make sense of what has happened and work toward a solution. Writing is a systematic solution based approach.

59 Seconds: Think a Little, Change a Lot (Borzoi Books)
59 Seconds: Think a Little, Change a Lot (Borzoi Books) by Richard Wiseman

Is numerical quantification of our experiences a form of journaling? It is a question I don’t know the answer to. In a comment that I can not find (there are 9,000 on this site), I recall someone (probably Glenn) saying something profound that has stuck with me. Data is the opposite of human relationships. In other words, what makes us human are those things that can’t be quantified.

I wish I had an answer on when QS is a tool for good and when the act of data collection becomes a problem. I’ve clearly gotten some benefits from tracking, but I still need to find that balance.

The site The Unquantified Self has thought a lot more about this than I have and has a few excellent posts on this topic. Be sure to read Why This Blog and Think Before You Track – the Uncertain future of Quantified Self. One line I really likes was:

If you are going to track, focus on testing interesting hypotheses using simple experiments lasting a relatively short time.

Although my Hunting Headaches experiments were simple, the collective duration was too long and it stopped being interesting once my confidence in solving the riddle was diminished.

Yesterday I had a lot of coffee. More than normal. It was a level that my 2.5 year dataset would have predicted a good probability of having a night headache. But I’m not looking at the data anymore. Slept a perfect 8 hours with no headache.

My Left Knee is Bumming Me Out

My left knee hasn’t been 100% since spring. I don’t know what happened to make it sore, but it has been bumming me out for months now. It gets better and then it gets worse. Just when I think it is healed, the soreness comes back.

I suspect that the reason my knee hasn’t fully healed and perhaps what has caused the pain in the first place is the fact I drive a stick shift on the hilly city streets of Seattle. Constantly depressing the clutch is probably the culprit.

I was really hoping to start uphill sprinting again this fall, but that isn’t going to happen.

My healing plan so far has been using ice, wearing a wrap, and consuming MSM, gelatin, bone broth and starting yesterday – Zyflamend. I’ve heard lots of good things about Zyflamend, so I have some hope that my knee might get better.

Zyflamend By New Chapter - 120 Softgels
Zyflamend By New Chapter – 120 Softgels

If I could wave a magic wand and convert my car from a manual to automatic I would. I’ve driven only manual cars since college. It has been fun, but a few hundred thousand miles is probably enough for one knee. I do know one retired long haul trucker that needs to have his knee replaced from years of clutching.

I do love my car and my plans were to keep it as long as it held up. Now it is looking like the car might outlast my knee. Maybe this is just my frustration talking? If anyone has any additional ideas on fixing my knee, please leave a comment. I can’t even do a single 25 pound goblet squat repetition without pain.

Finding My Relatives on 23andMe

Back in April I shared my genetic test results from 23andMe. That post focused on the health side of the test. At that time, I didn’t really pay much attention to the ancestry side of the application. My thinking was that as more people signed up, my relatives would be found and connected.

So today I revisited the ancestry side and found I have been genetically connected to 993 other 23andMe members. The relationship distance is between 3rd and “distant” cousin. I think “distant” means greater than 6th cousin. To protect the privacy of my “cuzs”, I’m not going to post a screenshot with their names. Instead, below I’m sharing a map view of where 23andMe has found my relatives so far.

23 and Me - North America

23 and Me - Europe

23andMe has not found a single relative of mine in Asia, Africa or South America. Either that confirms that I really am 99.5% European or that 23andMe isn’t as popular in those continents. The maps do show I have a 5th cousin in Novosibirsk, Russia.

Those in my family that have looked into the genealogy have said our roots are mostly in England and Germany. Drilling into the European map confirms that.

23andMe USA

When I drill into the detail for the USA, I see the heaviest concentrations in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia and North Carolina. This is completely in line with what I know about my family’s genealogy.

It will be interesting to monitor the map as more and more people sign up for the test.

PS – I just checked the health side again. There are still running new tests against my genetic profile. Another test in August further confirmed my Decreased Risk for Alzheimer’s Disease.

I am an affiliate for 23andMe, so if you get it please click the banner below so I can get some sweet referral money. :)


23 and Me

Post Workout Fasting?

I got an email from Don with a question that ties into my ice cream post on the topic of post workout fasting.

I am wondering what you think of the “no fructose (or any carbs, really) for about 4 hours after a fasted work out” so as not to suppress the natural growth hormone spike that occurs after this type of work out (and how ice cream cold fit into that)? I am a 50 yr old guy who is looking to add muscle and natural growth hormone release seems to be a great idea for me and I don’t want to suppress it. I am going to be going on a bit of a bulking cycle and I was thinking of going the ice cream route. Do you think eating ice cream right after my workouts will be more beneficial for me (as far as gaining muscle) than the HGH release or, should I continue with the no carb post work out window and then fill up on ice cream? Thanks!

I’ll start by saying that I am not an expert in hormones and that even the experts have disagreed on this point. I do have personal experience both fasting and not fasting post workout. My opinion has the context that I am an ectomorph at a healthy ideal weight.

When I fasted for a few hours post workout, I lost strength. It was fatiguing to my body. I covered this in the 2011 post Intermittent Fasting – Mistakes I’ve Made:

This may just apply to ectomorphs, but I what I discovered in 2009 was that fasted weight training not only resulted in fat loss, but without a post-workout meal I started to lose strength.

From a paleo perspective this makes sense. I was hungry and went on a hunt. At the hunt I engaged in a battle. For me that was lifting weights at the gym. A successful hunt would have resulted in a kill and a meal. After a few months, I kept returning from the hunt in a hungry state. From the standpoint of nature, I was being every bit as energy foolish as the cardio junkies. That behavior gets punished if it happens repeatedly.

Assuming one exercises safely, the limiting factors for gaining muscle are calorie surplus and reducing stress. Reducing stress increases recoverability. I believe that reducing post workout stress is even more critical for ectomorphs, because we have less glycogen stores.

By denying yourself food after an intense workout, you might have higher GH, but your body is also in a high stress mode. As a side note, there are concerns that growth hormone might be stressful for its own reasons. See the article Growth hormone: Hormone of Stress, Aging, & Death by Dr. Ray Peat. Matt Stone also has a good article on the topic titled Low-Intensity Exercise Part III – Lactic Acid and Growth Hormone.

I think that ending the post workout stress by restoring glycogen levels should be your primary goal. When glycogen levels are depleted or run low, the stress hormone adrenaline is released. That could impact your sleep, especially if your workout was in the afternoon. Poor sleep is no friend to muscle growth.

ice cream

Ice Cream Horror by wee lakeo. Don’t fast post workout. Eat some ice cream!

For reasons I’ve already covered, I think ice cream is the perfect food to eat post workout. If you can’t handle dairy, make it coconut milk ice cream. Regular milk or dairy kefir with fruit work as well.

When I stopped post workout fasting, my strength returned. I was able to gain muscle. I had better sleep and I recovered from workouts faster. I’d love to hear from others on their experiences post workout fasting in the comments.

Maybe Sprint 8 Should Be Sprint 4?

I recently got a comment that got me thinking again about Phil Campbell’s Sprint 8 protocol. For those unaware, here is a Sprint 8 summary from the article Sprint 8 Workout from Ready, Set, GO! Synergy Fitness:

…the Sprint 8 Workout means you progressively run 8 sprints for 60 meters (70 yards) in 8 to 15 seconds with a 1.5 to 2 minutes walk-back recovery between the sprints.

I stopped running in 1995. Too much pain. About two years ago, I started sprinting using the Sprint 8 template. It was still too hard on my body. Then I theorized that if I only ran uphill, I could get the benefits with less pain. And it worked, for a while.

Eventually I stopped running. At first I blamed my shoes, but I think the problem is that Sprint 8 is too much for the average person. Running all out for 8 sets is most likely ideal for athletes looking to develop their speed. Is it too much for the rest of us, just interested in being a little more healthy?


Runners in Belltown, Seattle

I went back to Phil Campbell’s bio and read he has trained 12,000 athletes. My guess is there is a huge selection bias with this group. These are individuals that are both capable and interested in developing their speed. Interested enough to reach out to a top performance coach. I’ll also wager that most of these runners are young with many being college age.

Of course not every runner in this group would have completed the protocol successfully. Some would get injured or quit for a variety of reasons. One of those reasons could have been recoverability or even lack of results. I doubt the failure rate is high, but I bring it up because we don’t know what percent of those that follow Sprint 8 stay with it.

Putting it all together, I think the Sprint 8 protocol might be too much for many of us. Once fall arrives in Seattle, I want to start sprinting again. Only this time I’ll shoot for Sprint 4, not Sprint 8. My guess is I have half the potential and recoverability of the average Sprint 8 success, so 4 might be a more realistic goal. I could care less if I get faster. I just want to be able to run once or twice a week pain free.

Fitness Professionals Fail to Understand Survivorship Bias

So many fitness bloggers and professionals fail to understand survivorship bias. They model their advice around what they see working best for a handful of outliers with little regard to safety, recoverability or sustainability. In their minds, willpower is the limiting factor and that any failures rest with the individual and not their training protocol. They look for successes as proof their training advice is solid and never question if a safer path would have yielded the same or similar results.

Things get real confusing when some of these fitness professionals demonstrate signs of brilliance with their understanding of nutrition or other health topics. But when it comes to resistance training, they fail to question the failures of conventional wisdom as anything more than a failure of the individual.


Photo by Marco Crupi Visual Artist. My readers already know what I think of the “Must Squat” mentality

How the mind of a fitness professional gets warped is understandable. Those that get results stick around, those that don’t go away and are replaced with new clients. Over time, the trainer sees more and more successes, which they believe are in part a result of their expertise. The failures are hidden. The successes are now financially supporting the trainer. Those that can train more often and recover faster are the best customers.

I could go on and on, but I think this is root of many problems in fitness. Fitness advice is geared towards survivors, not towards reducing the failure rate. Instead of seeking the minimal sustainable dose, the industry pushes recommendations to higher than necessary volumes of exercise. When you question their recommendations, their defense is to point to a handful of survivors as evidence their way works. Failures be damned.

In this post I use the term “successes” as those that survived the workout protocol used by the outliers.

Hunting Headaches – Ending the Hunt

On March 24, 2011, I began tracking my headaches in a project I called Hunting Headaches. For over two years, I’ve started every morning by dropping numbers into a spreadsheet. Headache intensity, sleep quality and number of coffees. I also tracked numerous other metrics from shorter term experiments, such as weather and supplements.

On September 1, 2013, I ended the hunt. I’ve given up for now. It is time to take a long break from this experiment. I have enough data to know MANY things that aren’t causing the headaches. Besides obvious headache triggers such as gluten and alcohol, which I avoid completely, I know that caffeine plays a prominent role in my headaches. Collecting more data isn’t going to change that.


Red is the average daily coffee. Blue is average headache intensity. Whenever I make a serious attempt to reduce coffee, headache intensity drops. The opposite isn’t always true. I also earned that consuming coffee in the late afternoon IMPROVES my sleep quality, which reduces headache intensity. This is counter intuitive to most people. For me coffee plays a complicated role.

Now I am going to learn what happens when I stop collecting data. Perhaps the missing piece of this experiment has been that I’ve been under pressure to solve something that might be outside my control.

I have zero plans to see a doctor. If I’m not willing to fully detox from coffee, then throwing money at a doctor is almost certainly wasted. And walking away from coffee while I live in Seattle is not likely at this time. Also, I am OK with my current state. The past 2 months I have worked on accepting my headaches. If things get worse, I can always change my mind.

The perception of pain is subjective. I’m sure some malcontent with more math skills than me will be quick to tell me that my experiment was flawed or that I did something wrong. To them I say STFU. I did the best I could and I learned a lot about myself in the process.

Once again I am not asking for new ideas to test. It is time to quit and move onto something else.

Fish Oil is so 2010

I stopped buying fish oil in 2010. I was already becoming highly skeptical that it was the miracle supplement it was supposed to be. Whenever I’d hear claims that we need it to fight inflammation, I’d think about what was causing the inflammation and shouldn’t we be minimizing it, rather than fighting it?

A lot of the early logic behind supplementing with fish oil, which is rich in Omega 3 was to improve our Omega 6 to Omega 3 ratio. The higher the ratio, the worse your health outcome. There are two ways to lower that ratio. Either work at reducing Omega 6 or increase Omega 3. There is no profit motive motive in the first suggestion and plenty in the second. An industry was born and fish oil was their product.

fish oil

Fish oil by Jo Christian Oterhals

There were a few problems though. Simply increasing Omega 3 doesn’t address the excess Omega 6, which is likely the true problem. In other words, this is a numerator problem not a denominator one.

The second issue we all learned is that fish oil can go rancid sitting on the shelf because they are chemically fragile. The solution we are told is to only buy the best brands. But we really have no way of knowing if even the best brands are fine or if they have been sitting in the back of a hot truck for weeks.

I’ve seen supplements come into and out of fashion and it appears the popularity of fish oil has already peaked and is likely in descent. I have no need for it. I wouldn’t take it if it were free. A few times a year I’ll have salmon, but I suspect the real health benefits are from greatly reducing Omega 6 consumption not from dosing on Omega 3. Now I see some people pimping Krill Oil as a new and improved fish oil. Here we go again. Not me.

Is High Intensity Training Best for Ectomorphs? One Year Later

It has been a year since I posted Is High Intensity Training Best for Ectomorphs? Time for a follow-up. In the past year, I have scaled down my intensity. As I mentioned in a recent post, the limiting factor for my level of intensity is gym temperature. So for the most part, my environment has played the greatest factor in my lowering intensity.

In the post I did last year, I assumed because I was an ectomorph that I was genetically predisposed to benefit from higher volume, as ectomorphs tend to have more slow twitch muscle fibers. That assumption was rocked when I got my test results back from 23andMe.

The book Body By Science talks about the alpha-actinin-3 gene and how those trainers that lack that marker could be modest intensity responders. Meaning that high intensity might not be best for them. They tend to be built for endurance. And unless I misread everything, they tend to be ectomorphs.

Since last August, I assumed I was in this camp and have reduced my intensity. Well, maybe it is time to turn back up the intensity, because I have one copy of the alpha-actinin-3 gene! Did not see that one coming.

The Last Year

It is really hard to know if I would have had a better or worse year had I pursued higher intensity and lower volume. As I mentioned in the post earlier this week, I probably under estimated the amount of volume I was capable of doing once I lowered my intensity. I think it is sad that so much focus is directed upon specific workout routines. Focusing on reps, sets, weights is likely the least important factor in fitness.

  1. Know your genetics. Either through confident observation or a test from 23andMe.
  2. Safety first. Ignore the bravado nonsense of other fitness “professionals”. Avoiding injuries is the #1 thing you can do to improve your physique. Getting sucked into thinking you need the follow the extreme exercise routines of outliers is a losing strategy for all but a handful.
  3. Recovery. Let your body recover before returning to the gym. We ectomorphs tend to over train, because we lack patience. We over analysis. We can’t sit still. We return to the gym before we are ready and when that doesn’t work, we do more. Relax. Stop competing with the genetically (and sometimes chemically) gifted young mesomorphs.
  4. I suspect the least important part of the equation is the volume and intensity tradeoff. Cycle both. Listen to your body. What workouts keep you interested? What works for you might be different than me. And it will change over time. Assuming you’ve nailed down the first 3 items, there should be a multitude of paths available to strength and muscle gains.

Why I Traded Volume for Intensity at the Glitter Gym

Anyone that has read this blog in the past few years knows that I am a fan of HIT (High Intensity Training). Machine based workouts performed very slowly without locking out at the top or pausing at the bottom. When the movement gets extremely difficult, I might perform a static hold. Then I lower the weight. One set to failure. Do 3-5 exercises. Done for the week.

That is what I would like to do, but I don’t. I have been forced to scale back on the intensity. No more 1-set to failure. These days, I might do 2 or even 3 sets at a lower intensity. I’m actually going to the gym twice a week now.

Am I getting better results now? Nope. The reason I was forced to trade intensity for volume is because my Glitter Gym keeps the temperature too damn high. My limiting factor for generating intensity is room temperature. Today it was 70 degrees. Way too hot for a gym. Dr. McGuff discovered with his gym that maximum intensity happened at 61 degrees. I believe him. When I was doing my outdoor HIT, my intensity was much higher in the 50s.

From The Workout Environment by Dr. Doug McGuff:

In a workout, we want to lose heat at a quick enough rate, so that the muscles fail because of maximal inroading, not because of heat buildup. By the time your body has to resort to an evaporative heat-loss mechanism, it is already too late. You will fatigue prematurely because of heat buildup. If the temperature is at an ideal 61 degrees, you can effectively lose exercise-related heat buildup through conduction and convection. At the beginning of your workout, it feels uncomfortably chilly, but by the conclusion of your workout, it will feel perfect to you and you will not have a drop of sweat on you. More importantly, you will have inroaded as efficiently as possible and given your body the greatest stimulus for improvement possible.

I have complained and complained to Fitness 19 Seattle and they have ignored me. They set the temperature to please the working staff. Other members don’t complain, because they falsely believe that sweating is a sign of successful workout, when in truth, it takes very little effort to break a sweat when the room is already 70 degrees.

For me this is even less about intensity than my tendency to get exertion headaches at higher temperatures. A typical set of a HIT has ones breathing rising rapidly at the set progresses. If an oxygen debt happens, you will get a piercing headache. As much as I’ve tried to accelerate my breathing before I need it, it is a gamble for me to pursue full intensity at the Glitter Gym.

If some tech billionaire looking to throw money at something is reading this, open a chain of gyms called Fitness 61, where the temperature is kept low enough that the people working out actually had to generate true intensity to stay warm. Hell, drop the temperature down to 50. The only downside is you’ll have trouble hiring staff.

I do like my Glitter Gym equipment and it is walking distance. In the winter, I step outside between exercises to drop my core temperature. This is not an option this time of year though.

My fitness progress has stalled this summer. I am merely maintaining.

Foundation Training is the Real Deal

Back in April, I received an excellent recommendation from Tezza in the comments.

You might want to try some exercises by a guy named Eric Goodman (Foundation Training). They seem to be more related to the lower back but they are meant to help the posterior chain and posture. I’ve tried them for about a week now and I feel better. You can check them out on youtube for free anyhow, well at least some of them. Good luck.

Now although I don’t get back pain these days, there are days when I spend many hours sitting. My back and hamstrings do get tight. I was interested in finding a time efficient routine that could undo those hours in minutes. Foundation Training is the absolute most efficient set of core, back, glute and hamstring exercises I’ve ever experienced. And I’ve tried a lot.

A word of warning, do not do the entire 12 minute routine on your first attempt. I ignored that warning and my mid-back was sore for almost two days. Even though I pushed the workout too far the first time, I could tell I was on to something. This wasn’t a boring low/no intensity routine and unlike yoga or other mobility drills, the positions required weren’t too complicated.

To speed up my understanding of the routine, I got their book, which if you get the paperback version is beautifully edited with color photos. Although they sell a Kindle version of Foundation, I can’t imagine it accurately displaying the detail of the paperback version.

Foundation Training Book
Foundation: Redefine Your Core, Conquer Back Pain, and Move with Confidence by Dr. Eric Goodman

The video is unlisted on YouTube. It was public when I first found it. Since they sell a DVD on the Foundation Training website, it is possible they might pull it at some point. Here is the link for now.

12 min to Perfect Posture: Free Foundation Training videos with Dr. Eric Goodman

The TED Video

Dr. Goodman also did a TEDx Talk titled The Unexpected Physical Consequences Of Technology. He talks about how technology is forcing us to sit more and more and how we need to actively address this problem. Movement patterns breakdown from hours of sitting, which can result in back pain.

My Results

I no longer cheerlead any fitness method until I’ve had at least a few months to test it out. A lot of times things seem fine at first, but the benefits don’t last or the routine becomes too time consuming or boring. One example was my 2010 kind review of Esther Gokhale’s 8 Steps to a Pain-Free Back. At first it seemed like it had value, but in the end the recommendations were too passive and unsustainable for me. Constantly thinking about my posture was stressful. The Egoscue Exercises were more active and effective, but required a much larger time commitment. Foundation solves both those issues.

Foundation Training is the best, most time efficient set of exercises for the back and glutes I’ve ever done. I’ve found that a single 12 minute routine can undo the damage of a few days of sitting at a desk. I highly recommend trying this routine. Just ease into the routine and get the book if you can.

2014 UPDATE: I have been approved as an affiliate for Foundation Training, so if you decide to get any of their products, please click the link below so I can get some sweet referral money to pay my web hosting fees. :)

Foundation Training Movement

Foundation Training

What I Learned About Running and Injuries

One of the purposes of this blog is to throw ideas against the wall and see if they stick. Sometimes I’ll openly ask for feedback and sometimes one of you will leave a comment that changes my opinion. When I have a bias, I try my best to disclose it. I also try not to present myself as an expert. In many places on this blog, I clearly state that the only client I train is myself. As I stated two years ago, Half the Ideas in this Blog Are Probably Wrong.

This is the summer where my view of running and injuries were altered slightly. Don’t get me wrong, I still there are better choices than running, but I can now better understand the pro-running argument as it applies to injuries.

I received this comment offline from running writer Alex Hutchinson.

Joints are like most other parts of the body: they respond to stress by adapting (e.g. by increasing joint surface area and proteoglycan synthesis), but beyond a certain point stress produces negative effects instead of positive effects.

This comment makes the results Paul mentioned in the post Can Running Be Antifragile? understandable to me. Instead of telling me a certain percentage of runners benefited, this sentence describes the mechanism. My false understanding of joints was corrected. Joints can be antifragile. But to what degree? In a follow-up email from Alex, he clarified:

I should emphasize that, while these possible mechanisms exist, I doubt they’re particularly significant. The biggest factor (as Williams’ study suggests) is simply weight – not just because of the extra load on the joints, but because fat tissue is metabolically active and secretes inflammatory hormones that affect tissues throughout the body, including joint cartilage. That’s why people who are obese have a higher risk not just of knee osteoarthritis, but also of wrist osteoarthritis: it’s not just about joint loads and forces.

Weight and inflammation might be more important causes of joint pain than the force of running.

Which Comes First, Cardio or Weights?: Fitness Myths, Training Truths, and Other Surprising Discoveries from the Science of Exercise
Which Comes First, Cardio or Weights?: Fitness Myths, Training Truths, and Other Surprising Discoveries from the Science of Exercise by Alex Hutchinson. I haven’t read this yet, but plan to.

Making Running Antifragile

What is the general advice given by running gurus to avoid joint injury? I read several sites and came up with this list. I’m not a running coach, so I’d just use this list as a starting spot.

  1. Lean out (see above explanation)
  2. Increase leg strength 
  3. Use excellent form
  4. Run on softer surfaces
  5. Minimal shoes or no shoes
  6. Gradual increase in volume.
  7. Sufficient rest

Even though I have some experience running, I’ve never much appreciated the skill component of the sport until after I stopped running and began strength training. With weight lifting you will quickly learn the pains of poor form. With running it may take longer.

If I were running today, I’d use far less volume, wear proper shoes, and I’d have a fellow runner watch my form and make recommendations. With High Intensity Training, I don’t return to the gym the moment I return back to baseline, but instead follow the advice of Dr. McGuff and wait an additional day or two. So I’d always choose an extra day of rest over more running. Minimizing injury risk would be more important than any mileage or time goals.

Knowing Yourself

Even if you follow the best running advice to the letter, you still might not be the type of person that benefits from running. Or you may have done so much damage from other sports or previous running attempts that you won’t be able to run. I suspect this is the case for me.

Can Running Be Antifragile?

Last month I got into a debate on the SaveYourself.ca Facebook page about the article that declared that running was good for you. I put my thoughts into the post Sorry, but Science Has NOT Proven That Running in Good For You. This month SaveYourself.ca put out another pro running post that suggests that running could actually make your joints stronger than walking.

To me this seems ridiculous. It fails the common sense test. Yet, I freely admit I have a bias against running. Some sprints are fine – especially uphill - but my personal experience is that walking is far kinder to my body than running. I feel more aches and pains running 1/2 a mile than when I go for a 20 mile urban hike. Paul from SaveYourself.ca is a skilled PubMed Warrior with a pro running bias. Even his logo shows a group of runners. Because of our strong biases, I wanted to bring the discussion here for some other opinions.

Although I still think I’m right on this debate, I’m willing to be open minded. Below is the story I am referring to, his analysis, my response and his conclusion. Here is a link to the study.

save-running1 save-running2 save-running3

Nassim Taleb came up with the term Antifragile. It means something that gets stronger with stress. Building a muscle is a classic example. Apply stress to a muscle and provided the movement is safe and time is allowed for recovery, the muscle will get stronger. Does this also apply to joints?

From my understanding of the principles of High Intensity Training is that the goal or optimal path for fitness is to focus on building muscle as safely as possible while preventing unnecessary loading or repetitive stress on the joints. In other words, build the muscle and protect the joints.


Runners Statue in Seattle.

I get how running is better than sitting on your ass. I don’t get how running could be possibly be “neutral or helpful” when compared to walking. My belief is that most people that choose walking over over running that are also consciously following a healthy path are doing so because they feel worse when they run. They self exclude. Those that feel great running continue to run.

The Science Daily article Stronger Leg Muscles Can Protect Against Knee Osteoarthritis says this:

Stronger quadriceps muscles in the legs can help protect against cartilage loss behind the kneecap, according to Mayo Clinic researchers presenting preliminary study data at the American College of Rheumatology Annual Meeting on Nov. 15.

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones in the knee joint deteriorates over time. As this cushion wears down, the joint doesn’t function as well and may be painful.


When the study began, researchers also had measured the strength of participants’ quadriceps muscles (leg muscles in the upper thigh). Analyzing these measurements, researchers observed that participants who had greater quadriceps strength had less cartilage loss within the lateral compartment of the patellofemoral joint, which is frequently affected by OA.

It states 2 things:

  1. Strength is protective of joints.
  2. Joints can wear down.

I’ve been a runner and although I developed some leg strength, it wasn’t near the amount I gained from weight training, especially from slow leg presses or the Wall Sit exercise described in the Hillfit e-book. Maybe the runners had gained a little more muscle than the walkers and that served as some protection for the joints? If that is the case, it doesn’t speak to the benefits of running, but to the benefit of building muscle. And in my opinion running is a highly inefficient way to build to strength.

Love to hear your thoughts.

Hillfit 2.0: A Zero Budget Approach to High Intensity Training

In early 2011, I became a convert to High Intensity Training. Unlike traditional strength building protocols, HIT focuses on using slow controlled movements, less volume and higher intensity. Safety is a priority. Movements have a low skill component, so they are ideal for lifters at all stages of their fitness journey.

My introduction to HIT came from the book Body By Science and two workouts from legendary trainer Greg Anderson (RIP). As amazing as these resources were for me, they aren’t going to ideal for everyone. HIT gyms and HIT trainers are rare to find and can be costly. Even regular gyms can be expensive and inconvenient. And the book Body By Science is still geared at someone with access to good equipment at a gym.

What High Intensity Training needed was a cost effective way to get people benefiting immediately with minimal expense. Enter Hillfit. In January 2012, I reviewed the first version of the 52 page e-book in the post Hillfit: Strength is Not just For Hikers. This book made the case that the best equipment you can bring to your sport, be it hiking or whatever, is stronger muscles. And using the principles of High Intensity Training, author Chris Highcock has developed a way to build strength at home safely – no gym required.

Wall Sit

One of the exercises highlighted in Hillfit is the Wall Sit. (photo from the Wikipedia)

This year Hillfit was completely rewritten as Hillfit 2.0. The new e-book is now 121 pages and includes guest essays by several top fitness professionals including Bill DeSimone, Skyler Tanner and James Steele II. Some of the highlights in this version that I liked include:

  • A discussion on who the target audience is for the book. It is not for the elite audience, but for the majority of us “who inhabit the middle of the bell curve, not the far edge!” This is important. Too many elite fitness bloggers take the approach that if they can do it, so can others and them proceed to advise clients an excessive volume of exercise, which often not sustainable or even safe
  • “train as much as necessary, not as much as possible” – Perhaps the best quote ever written on fitness.
  • I liked Tim Anderson’s essay on crawling and how adults can benefit from getting on the floor and engaging movement patterns we stop doing as infants.
  • A list of the many reasons one should desire strength, including protection from injury.
  • Exercise defined. Most people confuse recreation with exercise. Hillfit clears up the differences.
  • Bill DeSimone’s rules for joint friendly training.
  • Why you want to choose low skill exercises for developing strength.
  • The case for slowing down the movement.
  • The importance of effort over weight.
  • There are also well written sections on walking, balance and mobility.

I did have one minor issue with the book. I felt James Steele’s case against cardio was too complex to be condensed to a few pages. This was an hour presentation at the 21 Convention. Communicating why the conventional view of cardio is inaccurate is an important topic when discussing High Intensity Training. It is also a challenge. The best essay I’ve seen on the topic is Why Not Aerobics? (PDF) from Greg Anderson.


If you are looking for a way to get strong at home with zero expense that is safe and effective, consider checking out Hillfit 2.0.

Hill Fit

Click here to visit Hillfit

Disclosure: I received a copy of Hillfit in exchange for feedback on a draft version. I’m also in an affiliate relationship with E-junkie.

First Time in the Isolation Tank

Last Friday I did an hour in an isolation tank at Float Seattle. I heard Joe Rogan raving how powerful the experience of being in a sensory deprived chamber, so when I learned there was a place just a few miles away from me where I could try it, I went.

In this clip Joe Rogan explains how the tank works and why he likes them.

According to Rogan you need to do the isolation tank several times before you can begin to experience the true benefit. I’ll take his word for it, because my experience was rather unremarkable. It didn’t relax me or energize me. It was a big nothing for me.

The day after the tank experience I was suppose to report to a friend my thoughts. Even though I spend over an hour with my friend on both Saturday and Sunday, I didn’t bring it up. I had completely forgot about the experience. I almost forgot to do this blog post, but had written a note down so I wouldn’t.

To trust that Rogan is correct, would require a big time and money commitment. With round trip drive and parking, each session works out to two hours. Although the price for the first float is a fair $39 plus tax, the price goes up to $69, but they do have a monthly membership plan for $49.

Compare this to my recent 8 days of sauna and steam room visits. The sauna was immediately calming and my sleep quality was amazing. I could be wrong, but if I’m going to spend $50 a month to relax, I am more likely to pick the sauna gym over the isolation tank membership.

One Confusing Month: My June 2013 Experiment Wrap-Up

A month ago I posted June 2013 Experiments. Using a few strategies my plan was to reduce headache frequency/intensity and lose 5-7 pounds. Well I succeeded on the first goal and failed on the second and I’m clueless to explain either outcome.

This month has completely stumped me. Maybe you can help me make sense out of it?

Headaches Down, Sleep Quality Up

I’ve been tracking headaches on a spreadsheet since March 2011. I added Sleep Quality later. Along the way I’ve tracked coffee and other variables. Heading into June I was certain that caffeine was a major trigger for headaches. More coffee equals more headaches. Now I am less certain.

My plan was to reduce caffeine levels, but actually they went up. I’ve been playing with my Clever Coffee Dripper too much. My average intake was 2.73, up from 2.13. The other goal was to minimize AM coffee. There I was good. On most days I restricted myself to a single coffee before lunch.

Before I get into the coffee data, I wanted to say the only grains I consumed in June were white rice and corn. No sorghum, millet and definitely not any wheat. This may have helped a little, as it did in September 2012.

Pushing my last coffee back to later in the afternoon seems to be helping. It is counter intuitive as many people would have trouble getting to sleep when they drink coffee in late afternoon, but I never have a problem falling asleep. My challenge is staying asleep. I’m a morning person. If I wake up at 4 AM, it is often tough for me to return to sleep. Interestingly, I did this test in 2011 and came to a similar conclusion.

Average headache intensity was 0.70, which is tied for the second best month ever. Each night I assign a headache score of 0 to 5. Zero meaning no headache and 1-5 measuring intensity should one occur.

  • Oct 2012: 0.58 (no coffee the entire month)
  • Nov 2012: 0.70 (1.13 average coffee per day)
  • Jun 2013: 0.70 (2.73 average coffee per day)

I also only had 2 bad headaches, which was the lowest ever.

Average sleep quality was 4.23 (out of 5). This was the best month ever! And I typically have worse sleep quality during the longer summer days. My sleep quality for June 2012 was 3.57. One factor I need to mention was I did daily sauna and steam room visits the first 8 days of the month. My sleep quality was 4.75 those days and 4.11 the 8 days that followed. Probably not enough data to draw a conclusion, but I thought I’d mention it.

What happened? Is the key to drink coffee later in the afternoon? The only other change is I switched from unfiltered coffee (French press) to filtered coffee (Clever). Maybe it was just a string of good luck and the data isn’t statistically significant?

Less Sugar + More IF = Weight Gain?

As stumped as I am about the headache data, I’m really puzzled about my weight. I thought by returning to Intermittent Fasting and reducing my sugar intake that I’d lose 5 pounds. Nope. I gained 5 more. Interestingly, I actually look 5 pounds leaner in the mirror. Maybe that was from getting a little tanner?


My average IF was a little on the low side (13.9 hour average), but it was still higher than the previous months. Maybe I needed to add an additional hour? Exercise levels were constant. I didn’t introduce any new foods and I would estimate my sugar consumption was 50% less than the prior month.

I’m now all the way back to 210, which is where I was in early 2008 when I began my recent nutritional journey. The difference is I look a lot better now. Then I was puffy and inflamed, not anymore. Although I am happy with the way I look, I’d still like to be leaner as I feel my mobility was better at a slightly lower weight.

Now What?

I’m hoping to have out my July Experiments post later today or early tomorrow. If you have any theories on my June experiment results or tips for July, please leave a comment.

UPDATE: I’ve decided to keep the same experiment and goals for July 2013.

Cold Thermogenesis – 5 Years Later

It has now been just over five years since I began exploring cold temperature exposure. When I first started doing this, I didn’t use the term thermogenesis. My goal was not to lose fat, but to widen my comfort zone of temperatures. Having moved to Seattle after 7 years in San Diego, I was a wimp when it came to being cold. I recall being uncomfortable even in the low 60s without a jacket or sweatshirt.

I needed to do something. Encouraged by an Art De Vany article, I began to do deliberate cold exposure. By the 2008-2009 winter, I had expanded my  short sleeved shirt comfort zone down to the mid to upper 30s F (assuming no wind). This was also the same time period that I was losing weight effortlessly.

Fat Loss?

When I dropped the 20 pounds, I was also playing around with other factors. I lowered my carbs, experimented with Intermittent Fasting and began cooking all my own meals. There are many claims on the Internet that cold exposure helps with fat loss. Since I was trying so many things, there was no way to determine its role at that time.

Over the past 5 years, I have dialed up and down the amount of cold exposure and have come to my own personal conclusion that if it helps with fat loss, that effect has been minor. In fact, when I got to really low levels of body fat, I suspected it was having the opposite effect. My hypothesis is cold exposure on a lean body is a stressful trigger telling the body not to lean out further. Again this is just a guess.

When you read the stories of fat loss associated with CT, be they online or the one in the Tim Ferriss book, I noticed a common theme. They all tend to be male endomorphs. They also tend to be at least 30 pounds overweight when they started. The cold exposure brings them to a normal weight. I don’t see anyone getting shredded with Cold Thermogenesis.

Swimmers and surfers are held up as examples of how cold water exposure can help them maintain very low levels of body fat even at extreme caloric levels. Maybe it has a role, but they also have a high level of activity, plus they aren’t losing weight – they were already lean.

Freeze the Animal

For a few years, I cycled between cold air exposure in the winter and cold shower rinses in the winter. Just enough to keep my comfort window wide. Then in April 2012, Richard at FreeTheAnimal posted Cold Water Therapy and Experimentation Recommences and I was inspired to see just how far I could push my body.

I didn’t have a tub that I could load with ice, but I do live very close to the Puget Sound. So I began a new experiment. I would track my exposure time as well temperatures along with some notes. Here was my data.


There are 3 phases to this kind of cold exposure. Phase 1 is the courage of dealing with the shock of exposing your body to cold. Phase 2 is dealing with being covered in cold water for a period of time. Phase 3 is the warm up phase.

Phase 1 took just a few experiences to overcome the shock. Phase 2 went from tough to easy – even relaxing – very quickly. Phase 3 is where I had the issues. I had a lot of trouble warming back up. It was highly stressful at times. Had I been able to step out of the cold water onto a sunny hot beach, it would have been have much better. But living in Seattle, I didn’t have that option, so I ended the experiment.

Hot Thermogenesis?

Earlier this year I started looking at ways to increase my body temperature, starting with some of the articles and ebooks by Matt Stone. So when he posted Hot Water vs. Cold Water Thermogenesis it really got my attention. He made an interesting point about the type of fat a mammal develops in response to the temperature of their environment.

What’s the body’s defense against icy cold temperatures?  Body fat – polyunsaturated body fat at that.  At the higher latitudes you see more and more polyunsaturated fat, and higher body fat percentages working its way into the local fauna. Even the amount of body fat in a fish is pretty closely tied to the water temperature.  That’s why you see omega 3 polyunsaturated fat accumulating in coldwater fish, as well as seals, whales, walruses, and other blubbery cold weather dwellers.

And high levels of polyunsaturated fat lead to a lower metabolic rate. So jumping into the cold lake will cause a huge caloric burn, but do it over and over and the body mounts its own self defense. It reduces metabolism by lowering body temperature. What are the effect of temperature on health? From the same post:

Cold temperatures in winter are not conducive to better health and a higher metabolic rate either – or at least not greater leanness.  Winter is fattening and exacerbates most health conditions, whereas the hot temperatures of summer or the tropics tend to favor greater leanness and lessen most health conditions.  Most on thyroid meds have to up their dosage in the winter time just to keep hypothyroid symptoms at bay.

After reading this, I did an 8 day experiment. I got a trial pass to a gym with a sauna and steam room. I went every single day during this period. Although I don’t think I lost weight, my sleep quality was amazing, getting 8.5-9 hours sleep most nights, which is rare for me, especially in June when the days are longer.

My Personal Conclusion

Now I only do enough cold exposure to widen my comfort range. I’ve found 30-60 seconds of a cold water between the shoulder blades once or twice a week is enough. During the winter, I’ll wear short sleeves to about 50 degrees. After that I’ll grab a sweatshirt.

I suspect that if CT works for fat loss those that will experience the most positive benefits will be endormorphic men with more than 30 pounds to lose. There is a shocking lack of information when it comes to women. Since thyroid and low metabolism issues are more likely with females, I’d be hesitant to do anything more than the minimal cold exposure.

23andMe: Key Health Recommendations

I haven’t logged into my 23andMe account for month or so now, but I did this morning and I found they added something cool. The new feature is a report called Key Health Recommendations. Unlike typical health advice, which knows nothing about you, this report is based on your DNA.

Unless you are a data junkie like myself, going through all the reports on 23andMe may be overwhelming. This report is great, because it drills into the most important actionable items.

3 Key Recommendations

For me I learned that if I were to develop Hepatitis C that I need to make my doctor aware that I have Moderately lower odds of responding to PEG-IFNalpha/RBV treatment. I’d really prefer just not to contract it in the first place, so I read all the prevention advice. Don’t share toothbrushes, razors or nail clippers. Stuff like that.

Because I have an alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, I should do my best to Avoid air pollutants and watch for signs of liver disease. So I probably shouldn’t move to one of these cities. On lists of air pollution in the USA, cities in California are always in the top 10, including Los Angeles. Having lived in California for 7 years, I never found the air quality poor and that includes LA. It is way better than it was 20 or 30 years ago. I’ll take LA air over Rio de Janeiro or Bangkok anyday.


Click image for larger version.

The last recommendation had to do with inheritable conditions that I don’t have, but could be passed on should I have children. For me, I have a single mutation linked to hemochromatosis, which can result in higher iron levels. I’ll just tell my kid to donate blood every 8 weeks, like their pop does.

For those that didn’t see my full post on 23andMe, check out 23andMe Results.

Maybe I’m Wrong About Exercise Injury Risk

Anyone that has read this site in the past few years knows that when it comes to exercise I seek out movements that are kind to the joints and respect how the muscles move. My general position is that much of what passes for exercise today exposes the exerciser to too much injury risk. There is both the risk of getting injured during or immediately after the exercise or years later from cummulative wear and tear on the joints. Treat your joints kind when you’re young and your older self will be grateful.

But maybe we shouldn’t be as concerned about the second class of injuries? The reason is I consider myself a Healthy Optimist. Technology to the rescue. The trajectory of health care progress is impressive and will continue to get better every year. Look at the strides made in artificial limbs in the last decade. I could easily see in 10 or 20 years that replacement parts will be superior to our human parts. Going into a Jiffy Lube like facility for new parts might be common. Throw in lots of sensors and a datalink to a cloud server and we’ll become more and more indestructible.

Bionic man

Photo by JD Hancock

Twenty years from now all those ripped CrossFit athletes will be laughing at me as they strut around with their new bionic shoulders. Kippling pull-ups away! The average barbell back squatter will be lifting 500+ pounds well into their 60s with the spinal replacement. No disc compression with the new Super Spine 3000. And the runners will be able to go endless miles as their robotic joints absorb the energy from every step and redirect it to the muscles.

As the runner heads down a trail, their new parts will communicate to a cloud server which knows their location. The server will send optimized settings for that trail. The squatter’s Super Spine 3000 would of course be able to detect load and adjust for optimal safety throughout the repetition. Even if form suffers, the Super Spine 3000 is always calculating where optimal safety is and makes the appropriate adjustments.

This future world of bionic parts may not come or it may come too late for many. So I’ll still play it safe. But if you find walking and slow HIT too boring, go knock yourself out with extreme exercises. The engineers are working hard on solutions to ensure your later years aren’t spent in pain with restricted movement. YOLO!

Sorry, but Science Has NOT Proven That Running is Good For You

Several running apologists have linked to the long-winded Guest Post: Sorry, but Science Says Running is Good for You, Not Bad. With their science hats on they dug through all the studies and came to conclusion that all is well with running. The article talks about fat burning, VO2Max and thyroid.

No where does it mention joint, hip or knee pain.

The article completely ignores injury risk. I don’t how you can write an article endorsing an exercise in the title without addressing the safety aspect – especially one as prone to injuries as running. I got into a heated discussion with someone about this online. His position was it was outside the scope of the article to discuss the risks. My position is you must account for the risks before you can say it is good. Ignoring the risks to draw a favorable conclusion doesn’t make the risks go away.

My Bias

Time for a disclaimer. As a young man, I ran two sub-4 hour marathons (1989, 1992). During that time, I was in pain a lot. I stopped running, not because I was lazy or felt it was bad for me, but because I hurt. During the time I ran, I was always looking at ways to reduce pain and avoid injuries. I was not alone. Pick up any running magazine and you’ll see articles on injuries and pain management.

Just like with the barbell back squat, it was my pain and failure in avoiding injuries that forced me to rethink whether running was a wise idea. What is the goal? Can it be accomplished in a safer manner? How can I preserve my health well into old age if the running I’m doing in my 20s is causing so much pain?

1992 marathon

I loved running when I wasn’t in pain. Here I am finishing the 1992 Columbus Marathon.

What I learned is you absolutely DO NOT need to run to achieve a high level of health. Figure out a way to build strength and protect your joints with minimal risk of injury. Not minimal risk of injury in 12 weeks, but your lifetime. Go for walks and do some static holds on the machines in the gym.

I like what super trainer Drew Baye said on Facebook in response to this article.

Running to burn calories is a huge waste of time and the bigger concerns are the long term effects on joint and spine health. Whatever general fitness benefits it provides can be obtained more safely and efficiently with proper resistance training.

No Alpha in Running

Back in my post Responding to a CrossFit Enthusiast, I shared a finance term called alpha, which is the return in excess of the compensation for the risk borne.

All movement has a risk versus reward profile. The risk is either the movement yields no results or results in injury. The reward is positive benefits derived from the exercise.

The benefits that running provides are not worth the long term risks. It is too easy to replicate the benefits of running with something safer and more effective. A program of walking combined with the Wall Sit from the HillFit program will develop more strength, be much kinder on the joints and do it in less time.

I also think walking up stairs is a better than running. And when I do run, I prefer sprinting, especially uphill sprinting for us taller folk.

Common Sense

Even the worst fitness protocols can hide safety issues in the short run. Joint pain is slow and cummulative. It can take decades. This is the same point I made in the post My Squat Article is a “Scare Piece”.

If you like to run, run. If it hurts, stop. You don’t want to go under the knife for a replacement surgery when you get older.

When I was back in Ohio, I learned that 2 family members were having knee replacement surgeries. Both are in shape. Both played college sports, one football and one wrestled. A combination of running and barbell back squats wrecked their knees. It didn’t happen right away. It took 30 years.

19 Mile Urban Hike – Shoes Matter

Last year I bought a pair of minimal shoes that I loved immediately. The brand was Onitsuka Tiger. Super thin sole. The sole was actually too thin to do my uphill sprints with, but that didn’t matter, because they were perfect for walking, which is what I really care about.

Well, it turns out they weren’t perfect. The shoes aren’t that sturdy. Holes near the heal started appearing within a few months. They were falling apart fast. I decided I’d get a better made shoe and reserve the Tiger for the gym, when I do leg presses.

After seeking recommendations from my local Paleo group, I purchased a pair of Merrell Minimal shoes. Super light and super comfortable. And they have an orange sole, which I love. However, I noticed that when I’d walk for more than an hour or two, I felt a little achy. It took me several months to figure out that my stride had lengthened. One of the benefits I first experienced when I embraced minimal shoes was a shorter stride.

From my 2009 post Learning How to Walk Again:

Going from running shoes to super thin shoes means I now walk slower and cover less distance. This feels more natural. I think the most I have urban hiked in my Diesel shoes has been 10 miles. Unlike past urban hikes, I felt no lower back pain.

Monday I decided to shelf the Merrell shoes and pull the Tiger out of walking retirement. My stride shortened and I felt great enough to cover 19.1 miles. My original plan was just to hike 10 miles. The Merrell shoes are better built, but I feel better after walking with the Tiger.

Does there exist a super thin shoe that is well made? Not Vibram 5 Fingers, but a real shoe.


My 19.1 mile Urban Hike through Seattle. 

My Squat Article is a “Scare Piece”

While I was in Ohio, I received a negative comment on my article I No Longer Give a Squat About The Squat from Jim Price. You can read the full comment here, but below is the meat of his thoughts.

Bodybuilders, on the other hand, subscribe to the philosophy of form before weight. We work only with as much weight as is challenging, while able to maintain form. Squats performed this way will ALWAYS challenge you, and they will NEVER injure you.

I think this is nothing but a scare piece. And anyone chiming in saying they agree and they don’t squat anymore, and it’s because of knee pain, or back pain, has clearly been squatting with bad form. Squats are like anything in weightlifting: do them right, do them safe, and they’ll work wonders for your body. But don’t do them wrong and then complain they’re unsafe. That’s just silly.

His first point might be true in theory, but observation shows that perfect form in skill movements under load EVERY time is a myth for the vast majority. Now up until this point, the only injury I’ve brought up in relation to the squat or other skilled compound movements are those that occur in the gym.

There are another class of injuries that sneak up on you. Those are joint wear and disc compression. Perfect form EVERY time might not prevent these injuries from occurring. One of the problems with this class of injuries are they are slow and accumulative. You see as crazy as it sounds, loading 300 or 500 pounds on the top of your spine several times a month for years isn’t really what the spinal column was designed for.

But don’t listen to me. For $9 you can get the Kindle version of Congruent Exercise by Bill DeSimone.

Congruent Exercise
Congruent Exercise by Bill DeSimone

Congruent Exercise goes into great detail on why the spine was not designed for the barbell back squat. I’d like to share one passage from page 57 of the Kindle edition.

The consequence of mis-loading the discs may not be immediate; it may just accelerate long term wear.   You may voluntarily try to keep your back tight during a squat, deadlift, (etc.), you may appear as if you are, but the weight is definitely trying to bend your spine forward.  Since you can’t see into the spine, you don’t really know if each of the deep muscles is holding the vertabra in place; they may not be, creating the impingement/herniation, just not yet at a noticeable level.  You may squat/deadlift/etc. for years, then tie your shoes and “throw your back out”.

Congruent Exercise also provides exercise alternatives, not just for the squat but for other widely accepted load bearing exercises that are rough on the joints. If you care at all what sort of damage you are inflicting upon your joints and spine in the weight room, read this book.

Scare Piece?

Was my squat post a scare piece? Yes it was. I’m trying to share what took me too long to figure out. You don’t need to load the base of your spine with heavy weights to gain muscle in your legs. There are safer alternatives. I believe the risks of injury is far too high. Pointing to the few survivors that can go decades with no ill effects is not evidence the squat is superior to other exercises. It is evidence that some people can thrive and survive extreme levels of stress.

When over 99% of fitness “professionals” cheerlead the almighty squat, I dare to have a conflicting opinion. However, I am not alone. Anthony Dream Johnson gets it. Be sure to read his posts Barbell Squat : the Worst Exercise in Existence? and Top 10 Reasons NOT to Barbell Squat.

Although this post was mostly aimed at the barbell back squat, the core message also applies to any load bearing compound movements, especially the ballistic ones such as CrossFit.

Steam Rooms, Saunas, Opinions?

Recently, I was having a chat with a friend when I mentioned with pride how I never break a sweat exercising. I do no cardio and only lift weights. Between exercises if I start to get hot, I will step outside the gym to cool down and then resume my workout. Doing this, I have found allows me to workout with greater intensity.

Well my friend was concerned that not sweating was unhealthy and toxic. Seattle weather rarely gets hot. I think the last time I really broke a sweat was the month I spent in Southeast Asia in 2009 and even that wasn’t too much.

So when I got a free week pass to a gym that has a sauna and a steam room, I decided to go break a sweat. That week started today. Before I went, I did a little online research. Seems the idea of sweating out toxins is a myth.


Photo by Matti Mattila

Since I seem to get the best ideas from the commenters on this blog, I figured I ask if anyone has regularly used either steam rooms or saunas and what they thought. What benefits? Any drawbacks? Best time to use them? How long do you spend in them? This is all new to me. I have 6 more days on my free pass.

Never Forget that Size is the Prize

Gather around my fellow ectomorphs. I have something to say about weight training. My belief is that our goals got mixed up when we starting following the bad advice of genetically gifted mesomorphic fitness trainers. We forgot why we started lifting weights.

I’m going to speak for myself, but I pretty sure I’m not alone. The reason I started lifting weights was to gain muscle. I wanted to be bigger. I did not like having scrawny arms and legs. I wanted muscle. Back then the scrawny hipster look didn’t exist. Back then being a Stick Boy sucked.

Like many other lanky males, I joined a gym to get muscle and size. The first 10 pounds of muscle came effortlessly. Using the machines was a great introduction to strength training. But then like other ectomorphs I got impatient and made the classic false assumption made by so many.

If the big guys in the gym are lifting free weights and not using machines, then free weights must be better for size. And the guys that lift the most weight tend to be the biggest, therefore to get bigger I needed to lift heavier free weights.

I could spent paragraphs going through all the false assumptions, but instead I want to focus on how the goal of “getting bigger” got replaced with “getting stronger” and that “getting stronger” became defined as lifting more pounds using the classic bodybuilding exercises of barbell squat, bench press and the dead lift.

Now I have come to believe that the quest to get stronger using classic definitions of strength is a major factor in limiting the muscular potential of ectomorphs. But I am getting ahead of myself.

MAS Flex

Come for the Muscle, Stay For “the Strength”

I fell for it. At a certain point I found gaining muscle difficult. I was doing squats, dead lifts and benching. I read everything. Pavel, Bill Pearl, T-Nation and hundreds if not thousands of articles and posts on getting stronger. I assumed that I needed to get a lot stronger to get bigger and getting stronger meant lifting heavier weights and training more frequently.

There is nothing wrong with getting stronger, but that wasn’t the original goal. Which brings us to the question – what is strength? I found this definition of muscular strength by Paige Waehner on About.com:

Strength refers to a muscle’s ability to generate force against physical objects. In the fitness world, this typically refers to how much weight you can lift for different strength training exercises.

If strength is measured in how much weight we can lift, then how can we lift more weight? By making the movement as EASY as possible. The way you do that is by executing a perfect form where the weight moves quickly through the repetition. You want the amount of time the weight spends on the targeted muscles minimized. If the weight spends too much time on the targeted muscles, fatigue will set in and the repetition will be aborted.

When you watch a weight class power lifter, there is a fluidity in the movement. Almost like a dance. Certainly they are strong, but the grace of the movement is equally as impressive. They are using momentum to get their numbers up. In the interview with High Intensity Trainer Luke Carlson on Conditioning Research, Luke said:

If the weight actually moves fast during strength training, momentum is introduced and muscle tension is reduced (as the musculature is essentially unloaded); this is the exact opposite of the goal of strength training and the requirement for muscle fiber recruitment.

In one sentence, he said exactly why you shouldn’t be chasing the classic definition of strength if your goal is building muscle. We need to recruit more muscle fibers and we need to do it safely. That means slowing down the movement and using machines. It means using less weight and not unloading the tension on the muscle with each repetition. In other words, Reps, Sets and the Weight Aren’t that Important.

The Original Goal: Just Build Muscle

You don’t need to bench or squat to build muscle. That fact that most guys use those exercises to do so, doesn’t mean it is necessary. Just fatigue the muscle in a safe manner using machines or static holds like those described in the e-book Hillfit. Then eat to a caloric surplus. I like foods with saturated fat, protein, sugars and cholesterol, such as dairy kefir or ice cream. Then rest. Rest a lot. Stop chasing strength and start chasing muscle.

Health and Fitness Ideas That Work #1

A tough part of a health journey is figuring out what really works and what just appears to work. An example would be when I lost 20 pounds after adopting a Paleo diet. To this day, I don’t know if the fat loss was from going low carb, intermittent fasting, eliminating grains or just cooking my own meals. For this post and hopefully future posts in a series, I want to highlight only the health and fitness ideas that I am 100% certain worked for me. They are in no particular order. Here goes.

#1 Vertical Mouse

If you work on a desktop computer and use a traditional mouse, this product may very well eliminate pains in your mouse arm and shoulder. It did for me. For years I got pain in my shoulder, upper and lower arm after spending hours on the computer. I’d take Advil or Aleve and sometimes go as far as icing. My right shoulder was almost always out of alignment and was higher than my left.

The vertical mouse is more like hand shake. Those familiar with some of the principles of High Intensity Training might recognize this is what is known as natural position. The palm of the hand wants to turn inward towards the body. It doesn’t want to be torqued downwards for extended periods. This causes the elbow to flare out. Hours of doing this day in an day out can cause pain. When we hold the vertical mouse and our palm faces in towards our body, you’l see the elbow doesn’t flare and the shoulder doesn’t hold tension. Try it for yourself as you read this post and you’ll see what I mean.

It takes a few days to get use to the vertical mouse, so when I first started using it, I’d go back and forth between it and a traditional mouse. I still keep the traditional mouse around for guests. The result is all that pain is 100% gone. Evoluent now also sells a Left-Handed version of the mouse.

Evoluent VM4 Vertical Mouse Right Handed - The Patented Shape Supports Your Hand
Evoluent VM4 Vertical Mouse Right Handed – The Patented Shape Supports Your Hand (Amazon USA)

#2 Eliminating Wheat

Lately there has been a backlash against the backlash against wheat. Not from me though. Although I am not certain eliminating wheat was the reason I lost 20 pounds – it probably helped – I do know I feel way better without it in my diet. My skin is much better and it did cause headaches for me.

Part of the gluten ain’t so bad movement comes from attacks on Dr. William Davis and his book Wheat Belly. The PubMed Warriors lit into him for some of the details in his book. My response to the attacks on Dr. Davis is that he has worked with hundreds if not thousands of patients. He has first hand seen the benefits of ditching the wheat. Whether we understand all the mechanisms fully or not can’t negate the successes of his patients. And it isn’t just Dr. Davis. Robb Wolf, Chris Kresser and Paul Jamient all are witnesses to how much health can improve when wheat is removed from the diet. Even the Peat-a-tarians are anti-wheat.

To me going a month without wheat and reintroducing it is a super low commitment to testing something a large number of people are having problems with. There are some disingenuous bloggers that love their cakes and cookies that are saying gluten is fine. Behind most of those bloggers, I have found that have a strong bias against low carb diets. When did pro-carb become pro-gluten? Not for me. I love my carbs, but I loathe wheat.

#3 The Book: 3 Minutes To a Pain Free Life

For twenty years I have been doing some form of mobility or alignment exercises. I start off with dedication, but in the end I always quit. The idea of spending 20 or 40 minutes every day or even a few times a week becomes cumbersome. In 2011, I received a comment telling me about the book 3 Minutes to a Pain Free Life. As much as love the alignment work of Peter Egoscue and the mobility exercises from Eric Cressey, the 3 Minutes book is the bomb. This is the protocol that I have stuck to more than anything else. And it works. Only 3 minutes a day has corrected the rounding in mid-back and I feel much better.

My full review for 3 Minutes to a Pain Free Life.

3 Minutes to a Pain-Free Life: The Groundbreaking Program for Total Body Pain Prevention and Rapid Relief
3 Minutes to a Pain-Free Life: The Groundbreaking Program for Total Body Pain Prevention and Rapid Relief by Joseph Weisberg

Wrap Up

Those are the first 3 ideas. The mouse costs about $90 and the 3 Minutes book is $12. Going without gluten is free and you will likely save money as bread, pizzas and pasta cost a lot more than rice and potatoes.

23andMe Results

A few weeks ago I received my genetic test results from 23andMe. After deliberating on if it was a good thing to know, I decided to get the $100 test. What made me get the test was when I imagined myself with different chronic illnesses and how different my life would be depending upon which illness was more likely. Plus I just love data. :)

So am I genetic gold or genetic junk? The fact you are seeing this post should tell you that it is mostly gold. Had something bad surfaced on the report, I would have kept that secret.

Risk Factors

From the screenshot below, I learned that I have decreased risk for several of the most pressing health conditions. Those include heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer’s and MS.


Note: I reduced the image size so it would fit better on this post. The font size is larger and more readable online. 

In the Typical Risk section, a few different forms of cancer, obesity and Parkinson’s show up.


I only had a few items that showed up as Elevated Risk. One was kidney disease, which is something I had never heard of before. Clicking into the report on kidney disease tells me that only 27-33% is attributable to genetics. The rest is environmental and the recommendation is to not smoke, eat healthy and exercise. Done, done and done.


Drug Responses

I was recently listening to my favorite podcast EconTalk and the guest Eric Topal was talking about the future of medicine and the 23andMe tests. If this topic is of interest to you, I highly recommend listening to the full show Topol on the Creative Destruction of Medicine. In the discussion it was pointed how just learning how one responds to so many drugs, including caffeine, makes the test worth it.

Well, if you do a scan of the common variants in a genome, which is really almost becoming not useful–so you can get that now for $99 through 23andMe.com. There aren’t many of those consumer-genomic companies still standing. That’s certainly the main one. It was $400; it’s just come down over time to now $99. That gets you a peek into the genome. It does get, by the way, going back to our discussion earlier about the drug interactions, it gets you something like 25-30 major drug interactions about you. So, just that alone is a bargain in my view.

I learned that I have a reduced response to a drug class called Clopidogrel, which is used to to prevent clotting that could trigger a heart attack or stroke. I also learned something interesting about my reaction to caffeine, which I’m posting about on the INeedCoffee article Genetic Testing for the Health Conscious Coffee Drinker.

Inherited Conditions and Traits

There are entire reports for inherited conditions and traits. The one thing that stood out on my inherited conditions were that I have an Alpha-1 Antitrypsin deficiency, which is a protein that primarily protects the lungs. Their advice is I definitively shouldn’t start smoking, because my lungs would have less protection than someone with two copies of the M (normal) form of the SERPINA1 gene.

I found the Traits section more interesting. From my saliva sample they were able to say that my eyes were likely blue and that I am likely lactose tolerant. True and true. However, the report stated I do not have an alcohol flush reaction, which is false. And in the more good news category, I discovered that I am norovirus resistant. This is the “stomach flu” outbreak that sometimes hit cruise ships.

Muscle Talk

The Muscle Performance report really surprised me. Before I share my data, I want to refer back to a post I did in August 2012 called Is High Intensity Training Best for Ectomorphs? The book Body By Science talks about the alpha-actinin-3 gene and how those trainers that lack that marker could be modest intensity responders. Meaning that high intensity might not be best for them. They tend to be built for endurance. And unless I misread everything, they tend to be ectomorphs.

Since last August, I assumed I was in this camp and have reduced my intensity. Well, maybe it is time to turn back up the intensity, because I have one copy of the alpha-actinin-3 gene! Did not see that one coming.


Family and Friends

There is an entire ancestry component to the 23andME that I’ve just begun to look at. They have already genetically connected me with 989 3rd to 6th cousins. I’ve learned that I’m 99.5% European – and I thought I was Korean. ;) How much caveman am I?  2.9%.


Highly Recommended

I am so glad I did this test. I’ve only begun to scratch the surface on the massive amount of data on the 23andMe site. Every time I log on, there is usually some new data waiting for me. If you are at all interested in your risk factors for illnesses, drug reactions or how you might respond to caffeine or High Intensity training, get the test. The ancestry side of 23andMe is as extensive as the Health side.

I am an affiliate for 23andMe, so if you get it please click the banner below so I can get some sweet referral money. :)


23 and Me 

Hiking Not Blogging

The weather in Seattle suddenly got really nice. This means I stepped out of hibernation and did some urban hiking. When it comes to hiking in Seattle, I take a unique approach. While everyone else spends an hour or three driving east to some trail, I stay in the city. The idea of driving two to three hours just to hike one hour seems wasteful to me. Plus, the cops have so many speed traps on the hiking corridor that the idea of a stress-free afternoon in nature doesn’t really exist.

I’d rather hike in the city. Less driving, more hiking. Plus I can always stop for espresso along the way. Can’t do that in the mountains. :)

During the winter months I’d walk on average maybe 2 miles a day. Yesterday I did an 8 miler and today a 7 miler with little effort and no soreness. I’ll probably do a 10 miler later this week.



How can I ramp up the distance that fast with no aches and pains? High Intensity Training.

Once or twice a week I go to the gym and do a very slow set of leg presses. Sometimes I just load up the weight and perform a static hold. And if I don’t feel like going to the gym, I’ll do the Wall Sit exercise described in the Hillfit book. Unlike the days when I did barbell squats and dead lifts, I’m never injured. My joints and back feel great.

When I lived in San Diego I hiked all the time, yet now hiking is easier, because my legs are much stronger. Too many people think they need fancy shoes or poles or whatever they see being sold at REI. Nope. Double your leg strength and every hike gets twice as easy.

Speaking of Hillfit, version 2.0 has just been released. I have a copy and although I haven’t read it yet, it looks even more impressive than version 1.0. Version 2.0 has 70 more pages of content. If you are looking for an introduction to High Intensity Training, I highly recommend Hillfit. You can get super strong without risking injury and do it all from home – no gym equipment needed.

Hill Fit

Click here to visit Hillfit

Disclosure: I received a copy of Hillfit in exchange for feedback on a draft version. I’m also in an affiliate relationship with E-junkie.

“Turn Up the Heat” – 1 Month Update

Actually this is the 1 month and 1 week update to my “Turn Up the Heat” experiment, where I am using ideas from the Diet Recovery 2 book as an attempt to increase my body temperature. I outlined the strategies I would use in the post My Plan for the “Turn Up the Heat” Experiment.

  1. Drink LESS water, tea and coffee.
  2. Eat less chicken and pork (PUFA). Eat more beef and lamb (Saturated Fat).
  3. More cheese. No Nuts/Seeds. (Diet Recovery 2 lists cheese as the #1 warming food)
  4. Cook stews with less liquid or use coconut milk.
  5. Since I’ll be eating more red meat, continue with the weekly beef bone broth. Also supplement with gelatin.
  6. Eat more salt. (see Brian’s comment for ideas)
  7. More calm time. If higher body temps causes calmness, then the opposite is likely true. Relax to warm up. See this story on monks meditating to increase their temperature.
  8. More carbs. Not a problem for me. I regularly consume rice and potatoes. Wheat is still evil.
  9. Eat carbs upon waking. This will be a huge change for me.
  10. Eat popcorn for salty snack.

With the exception of #9, I have been very good about the items on the list. Because I must eat before going to sleep or else I’ll wake in the middle of the night hungry, I really don’t want to eat first thing in the morning. In one interview, Matt Stone talked about a 12 hour eating window. For me that means my first meal should be at 10 AM, not at 6 AM when I wake up. Not sure which rule is most important, but I really don’t want an 18 hour eating window. (UPDATE: I meant to say 16 hour eating window – 6 AM to 10 PM)


Cheese by Anne Hornyak

Anyway, my body temperature is EXACTLY THE SAME. This means that either I didn’t follow the advice strict enough or I need to follow the protocol longer. Another possibility is maybe my body type doesn’t want to be warmer or as Richard Nikoley said, this might be a “parlor trick“.

With the exception of #9, I’m going to continue with the experiment, because they are all still sound ideas. My guess is 20 years of caffeine abuse is probably going to take a while to overcome. Even if it doesn’t help with body temperature, I am confident it will reduce my headaches. My coffee consumption is already down 35% in April from March. My plan is to continue lowering coffee levels as the weather improves.

Too Many Conflicting Health Goals

Seems I’m in a bad place where my current health goals are conflicting with each other.

  1. Reduce headaches
  2. Reduce neck and shoulder pain
  3. Lose 10 pounds
  4. Bring sugar cravings down to summer 2012 levels
  5. Increase body temperature “Turn Up The Heat” Experiment

To reduce headaches, I have decided to gradually cut back on caffeine. I even recently sold my espresso machine.

However, lower caffeine always has an appetite stimulating effect, especially sugar. It was last October when I cut out coffee that my sugar cravings spiked.

I also feel that losing 10 pounds will reduce pain more. That might not be true, but I suspect it will help.

Less neck stiffness will help me resume doing a few sprints a week, which should help with the 10 pound weight loss. Catch 22.

The most effective ways to lose weight in the short term I have found are reducing carbs, more caffeine and intermittent fasting.

However, to increase body temperature higher carbs, less stimulants and less fasting are recommended.

And increasing body temperature could be – in the long run – decrease my headaches and increase metabolism.

A short term side effect of attempting to increase body temperature is increased headaches and brain fog.

I have never found aspirin, Aleve, Tylenol or Advil to work for headaches. The only thing that helps even a little is caffeine.

I also believe that the neck tightness is playing a role with the headaches.

Mexican Standoff

Photo by Don

A Mexican Standoff

The good news is my average intake of coffee has dropped from 3 in March to 2 in April. I’ve also reduced my sugar intake as I transition from ice cream to kefir. My neck and shoulder pain is actually showing a little progress. I think it was the increased MSM dose (thanks Glenn). The bad news is I’ve gained 3 more pounds with no reduction in my headache numbers.

It looks like my short term goals and long term goals are in conflict. This has been stressful. Until I put this post together I didn’t realize just how conflicting they were. Unless someone has a better idea, I think I’m going to use this plan:

  1. Drop coffee levels slowly to 1.0 – 1.5 a day.
  2. Increase morning fasting hours.
  3. Keep taking the MSM at high levels. I’m also experimenting with other ideas.
  4. Continue reducing sugar levels. Keep other carb sources the same (rice, potatoes).
  5. Increase protein (for satiety)
  6. More low intensity exercise (walking). Weather is improving in Seattle.
  7. Stay focused on avoiding over-hydration and PUFA (see Turn Up the Heat post for explanation).

Speed Round: Fitness and Nutrition (April 2013)

Sometimes I cringe a little when I go back and read some of my earlier posts on nutrition. Not always, but sometimes I am tempted to remove a sentence or add an update. But with almost 2,000 posts on this site, it would be an impossible task to maintain current views on all those entries. And it would be futile, as my views are constantly changing.

Plus it seems unethical to go back and tidy up posts to make oneself always look correct. So my policy is to only update spelling or grammatical errors on older posts. I’ll also fix links that break. The only exception to this policy is recipes. As I make a dish and learn ways of making it better, I will update those posts.

Since my views are changing, how can I quickly bring readers up to my current thoughts? Recently I got a great idea while listening to the podcast interview of Robb Wolf by SportsCoachRadio.com. At the end of the interview Robb is asked to participate in a “speed round“. Quick answers to a lot of topics. A brilliant idea.

Here goes my first speed round.

CrossFit – Asinine

Squat and Bench Press – Unnecessary and unsafe.

Parkour – Looks cool. but unless you are training to be a cat burglar, the risk of injury is way too high.

High Intensity Training – Love it.

Cardio – Unnecessary for good health.

Eat Less Move More – Only explains the successes.

Intermittent Fasting – Great for learning how to deal with hunger. I think the daily 16 hours are excessive, especially for ectomorphs and women. I like Brad Pilon’s Eat Stop Eat approach best now.

Cold Temperature Exposure – I like CT as a tool to widen one’s comfort range of temperatures. However, I am skeptical of the broad fat loss claims. Those losing fat with CT all seem to be endomorphic males. Unless you are a thick-wristed big dude, I would use just enough CT to expand your comfort window. Women should probably avoid.

Glucose vs Ketones – I’ll probably do a full post on this later, but I am still in favor of cyclical approach to carbs, only now my bias is much more towards glucose metabolism.

True Toxins – Veggie oils, wheat and unfermented soy. Sugar is likely fine.

Paleo – A good start, but only a start.

Fitness blogs by young mesomorphs with cut abs – Mostly delusional nonsense written for other young males who like to be told fitness fairy tales.

GMO – Sorry, but I don’t fear genetically modified food. Economist Tyler Cowen cuts through the hysterical claims in An Economist Gets Lunch.

Microwaves – Fine.

Diet Colas – Sugar cane soda is a much better option, however a single diet cola a day is probably fine. More than that might cause strokes.

Popcorn – I have no idea if it is good or bad. I eat it occasionally. Nothing suppresses my appetite more.

Best Nutrition Book – None. Get a cookbook that inspires you instead.

Best Fitness Book – Body By Science or HillFit.

Long term view of health – Extremely optimistic.

Confidence Level that I Understand Fitness – 70%

Confidence Level that I Understand Nutrition – 30%

That is it for now. I’ll likely do another Speed Round post in a year mocking my opinions in this post. :)

Kefir, HIT and a Touch More Volume

I thought I would post a quick fitness update. I may have stumbled upon the secret sauce for ectomorphs trying to gain muscle. Well at least for me. Last August, I posted Is High Intensity Training Best for Ectomorphs? where I revisited the great book Body By Science and how ectomorphs might respond better to increase volume.

Body by Science: A Research Based Program to Get the Results You Want in 12 Minutes a Week

In order to increase the volume, I needed to decrease intensity. This turned out not to be a hard decision to make. My Glitter Gym keeps the temperature too damn high, so I’m unable to generate the intensity I am capable of doing the cool outdoors or in a real HIT gym. So I dropped the intensity and added some volume. Not too much, usually I’d just spread the intensity across 2 sets instead of one. Those looking for precise numbers, won’t get them from me. See the post Reps, Sets and the Weight Aren’t that Important for why I no longer track any metrics and just focus on intensity.

Although the volume is greater and intensity is decreased, I am still doing the same exercises. Machines based movements such as the leg press, chest press, row and pull down performed slowly with static holds. I also do chin-ups and a shoulder press. I don’t do any bench presses, squats, dead lifts or other compound movements. Machines allow me to really slow down the movement and take out the momentum in a safe manner.

A typical week will have 1 or 2 workouts of about 20 minutes each, with 2-3 minutes of rest of between exercises. No rest between 2 set exercises.

The Magic of Kefir

In January I started to believe that dairy kefir was anabolic. Now I am more convinced. On most days I drink a pint. On workout days, I might drink more. Sometimes I blend in frozen blueberries or I might drink it plain. I don’t know what is going on, but I estimate that I’ve gained 10 pounds of muscle in the past year. I started the quest using ice cream, but switched over to kefir in December. For an ectomorph that has been lifting since 1994, that is an impressive number.

Fellow experimenter Richard at FreeTheAnimal is using dairy kefir to both lean out and gain muscle. If it possible to both gain muscle and lean out on kefir, then maybe a calorie isn’t a calorie? :o Perhaps an anabolic score could be established? Kefir and ice cream at the top. Beer and tofu at the bottom. :)

The Secret Sauce So Far

Here are the elements that I think provide the greatest bang for muscle gain for ectomorphs.

  1. HIT with a slight increase in volume and decrease in intensity.
  2. Drink dairy kefir or eat ice cream. You need a caloric surplus to gain muscle. These foods are ideal. Those that don’t like dairy can use coconut milk or cream.
  3. Machine based movements done slowly with static holds. Those without a gym can do my Outdoor HIT or the HillFit workout.
  4. Slow walks are fine, however excess cardio will make it harder to gain size.
  5. Avoid injury at all costs. This means don’t engage in skill based fatiguing movements (bench, squat). Especially those performed quickly (CrossFit).
  6. Be patient.

I Woke Up Today and Wished For Tomorrow

Slowly I could feel myself waking up. Yet another headache. And just like every other morning when a headache wakes me, I peek at my watch. I hope it reads 6 something. 5 something at the worst. This morning I wasn’t so fortunate. 3:40 AM. Intensity a 4 out of 5, which means falling back asleep was not going to happen. My neck which was feeling fine since I had a two hour massage on Sunday was now feeling worse than ever.

Another wasted day in front of me. The headache will vanish in a few hours, but I’ll be exhausted the rest of the day. And although I’ll attempt to take nap, there is a 90% chance I won’t be able to fall asleep. My body will crave coffee to fight the brain fog, but it is the coffee that is most likely suspect that caused the headache.

Taking a Break

I’m going to take a week or three off from blogging. Trying to tame my coffee and sugar addictions with brain fog and headaches makes it hard to put together posts. I’m certain I’ve forgotten a few topics that I said I would blog about. If you have any suggestions or reminders, please leave a comment.

MAS Fishing

Blog break time. Not really going fishing though. 

Post title is from the Marilyn Manson song Use Your Fist And Not Your Mouth.